Ford Mondeo Owners Manual (Europe)

There are two slide sets in Spanish with titles that indicate that the material .. Item 8 Title Be Safe with Pesticides, Use Pesticidas con Cuidado ' Address .. and evidence of cancer, reproductive damage or mutagenic effects in animal toxicfty publicidad a la existencia de los materiales educativos en salud y proteccion.

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Der Buchmarkt in Griechenland (German Edition) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Der Buchmarkt in Griechenland (German Edition) book. Happy reading Der Buchmarkt in Griechenland (German Edition) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Der Buchmarkt in Griechenland (German Edition) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Der Buchmarkt in Griechenland (German Edition) Pocket Guide.

Praemittitur dissertatio de ratione et revalatione, natura et gratia Tomus I Frankfurt and Leipzig, Tomus II Frankfurt and Leipzig, New edition, Tomus III - Philosophiae Wolffianae, ex Graecis et Latinis auctoribus illustratae, maxime secundum animae facultatem cognoscendi consensus cum theologiae, per praecipua fidei capita Frankfurt and Leipzig, Exercitationes historico-philosophicae de immortalitate animae Tuebingen, Disciplinae morales omnes etiam eae quae forma artis nondum hucusque comparuerunt perpetuo nexu traditae , 2 vol. Frankfurt and Leipzig, New Edition, Philosophia fundamentalis, suis disciplinis comprehensa, variisque difficilioribus quaestionibus enodandis accomdata, cui logicae praecepta nervose concinnata subiunguntur, in usum auditorii publici et privati Tuebingen, Disputationis de Spinoziano miraculorum sensu Tuebingen, Idealismus seu crassissimus eorum error, qui corpora et sua et mundana negant, refutatus Tuebingen, Grammaticae universalis tenuia rudimenta Tuebingen, Theologia naturalis thetico-polemica cui subiungitur dissertatio de deo spiritu eodemque neutiquam extenso Dresden, Jurisprudentia theologiae seu de civitate Dei ex mente Leibnitii Monadol.

Joachimi Langen aus der Wolffischen von ihm mechanisch genenneten Philosophie Frankfurt and Leipzig, Ausfuehrliche Erlaeuterung der Wolffischen vernuenftigen Gedancken von der Menschen Thun und Lassen Frankfurt and Leipzig, Meditatio philosophico-critica de perfectione linguae Jena, Theologia revelata dogmatica methodo scientifica adornata [Oeconomia salutis Novi Testamenti seu Theologia revelata dogmatica methodo scientifica adornata.

Pars altera. Frankfurt, Resolutiones dubiorum circa hypothesin nostram de principio juris naturae, nuper a viro consultissimo atque; doctissimo communicatorum ubi contenditur custodiam societatis neque esse pricipium juris naturae essendi, neque cognoscendi Frankfurt, Dissertatio Prooemialis XII. Exhibit auctoris novum systema iustitiae naturalis et Romanae, in Introductio ad Henrici L. Jura Dei in homines, Demonstrantur II. Jura hominum inter se, juxta tria iuris romanii objecta exponuntur simulque universum ius romanum in artem redigitur Halle, 17??

Muellers ueber Wolfens Gedanken von den Kraeften des menschlichen Verstandes Frankfurt, Programma de optima jura docendi methodo quo generosissimos atque nobilissimos academiae cives ad lectiones publicas proxime inchoanda invitat. Pope sur l'homme Lausanne, Divers ouvrages de Monsieur Crousaz Amsterdam, Horatii logica ad usum studiosae juventutis.

Aus dem Lateinschen des Hrn. Krausen, Weg zur Gewissheit und Zuverlaessigkeit der menschlichen Erkenntniss Anleitung ueber natuerlichen Begebenheiten ordentlich und vorsichtig nachzudenken Erster Theil Anderer Theil Anweisung vernuenftig zu Leben 3rd ed. Aus dem Lateinische uebersetzt von M. Christian Friedrich Pezold. Accedunt hac secunda editione Appendices. Omnia ad fidem autographorum bibliothecae Gothanae diligenter exacta nunc primum cum annotationibus suis publicavit Ernestus Salomon Cyprianus Frankfurt und Leipzig, Notwendige Verteidigung der evangelischen Kirche wider die Arnoldische Ketzerhistorie Frankfurt, Protosynderii Gothani praesidis quondam vicarii monumenta aliquot minora maxime historica in publicum emissa a ad.

Aus der franzoesischen Urschrift uebersetzt von Ch. Seiler gegen ihn, der Lehre von der Rechtfertigung halber, herausgegebene Schrift Jena, Danzer, Joseph [Jakob] Reflexionen ueber Deutschlands 18tes Jahrhundert, und seine Verfasser Joseph's des Grossen Toleranz, ein theologisches Fragment Salzburg, Was sind Reichspraelaten und wie sind sie es geworden? Jena, Institutiones iurisprudentiae universalis in quibus omnia iuris naturae socialis et gentium capita in usum auditorii sui methodo scientifica explanantur, 2nd ed.

Export Citations

Germanicae Jena, Erste Gruende der philosophischen Sittenlehre, 2nd ed. Zum Behuf seiner Vorlesungen. Mit Zustimmung des Verfassers aus dessen Vorlesungen herausgegeben, und mit einigen Zusaetzen ueber die Lehre vom Gewissen, von der Todesstrafe etc. Buetzow and Wismar, Ueber Toleranz und Gewissensfreiheit, 2 vols. Traduit de l'Allemand.

Geschichte Karl Ferdiners. Aus Originalbriefen, 6 vols. Berlin, Zweiter Band, 2nd ed.


  • Ovid and Homer in ‘German Rhymes’ (Ovid und Homer in ‘teutschen Reymen’).
  • New studies increase confidence in NASA's measure of Earth's temperature!
  • NLP Guide - What is NLP,How you can learn NLP,How to use NLP to change life,NLP the power of your mind,NLP Techniques,NLP control your thinking,Guide To Use Neuro-Linguistic Programming;
  • Collector's Editions;

Zum Gebrauche seiner Vorlesungen, 2nd ed. Berlin, Versuch einer Geschichte der Fortschritte der Philosophie in Deutschland, vom Ende des vorigen Jahrhunderts bis auf gegenwaertige Zeit. Fichte und seinen Gegnern Halle, Synonymisches Handwoerterbuch der deutschen Sprache fuer alle, die sich in dieser Sprache richtig ausdrucken wollen, 2nd ed. Halle, Zweiter Theil, 2nd ed. Ein Handbuch der Geschichte der philosophischen Cultur fuer gebildete Leser aus allen Staenden in Abendgespraechen Halle, Erster Theil Zweiter Theil Dritter Theil Eberhard, Johann Peter Versuch einer naehern Erklaerung von der natur der Farben, zur Erlaeuterung der Farbentheorie des Newton's Halle, Nachricht von unterirdischen Stadt Herculaneum; aus dem Franzoesischen uebersetzt und mit einem Vorbericht begleitet Erfurt, Gedanken von der Wirkung der Arzneimittel im menschlichen Koerper ueberhaupt Halle, Gedanken vom Feuer und denen damit verwandten Koerpern dem Licht und der elektrischen Materie, Nebst einem Anhang vom Alchimistischen Feuer Worin ein rares Sendschreiben des Pontanus mitgetheilt und erklaert wird Halle, Betrachtungen ueber einige Materien aus der naturlehre; nebst einem Anhange von einer besondern Enstehungsart des Schalles Halle, Erste Gruende der Naturlehre, 3rd ed.

Worin die Ersten Gruende der Wuehlenbaukunst, Hydrotechnik und Bergwerkswissenschaft erklaert werden. Nebst einigen Zusaetzen zur Mechanik, Optik und Gnomonik. Eulers vollstaendiger Anleitung zur Algebra, mit einigen Erlaeuterungen und Vermehrungen herausgegeben Leipzig, Nebenstuden eines Vaters, dem Unterrichte seiner Tochter gewidmet Leipzig, Jahrbuch zur belehrenden Unterhaltung fuer Damen Leipzig, Edelmann, Johann Christian Unschuldige Wahrheiten Frankfurt, Moses mit aufgedecktem Angesichte von zween ungleichen Bruedern, Lichtlieb und Blindling beschauet Frankfurt, Die Goettlichkeit der Vernunft Abgenoethigtes, jedoch andern nicht wieder aufgenoethigtes Glaubens-Bekenntniss Neuwied, Selbstbiographie.

Ungedruckte Briefe aus Herders Nachlass. Zweiter Band, pp. Erster Abgott. Ewiger Friede. Mannheim, L'idolatrie de ce siecle philosophique. Premiere idole la paix perpetuelle. Ouvrage traduit de l'Allemand. Mit erlaeuternden Kupfertafeln , 2 vols. Engel's Schriften , 12 vols. Aesthetische Versuche. Delilles's Anmerkungen zu Vergils Aeneis uebersetzt von M.

Engel Frankfurt, Engelhard, Regner Specimen juris feudorum naturalis Leipzig, Specimen juris militum naturalis methodo scientifica conscriptum Leipzig, Versuch eines allgemeinen peinlichen Rechts, nach den Grundsaetzen der Weltweisheit und besonders des Rechts der Natur Leipzig, Erhard, Johann Benjamin 'Versuch zur Aufklaerung ueber Menschenrechte' Philosophisches Journal fuer Moralitaet, Religion und Menschenwohl , vol.

Eine Monatsschrift , Bd. Leipzig, Institutio interpretis Novi Testamenti Leipzig, Opuscula oratoria, orationes, prolusiones et elogia 1st ed. Leipzig, 2nd ed. Leipzig, Opuscula philogica critica 1st ed. Ernesti Metaphysica et logicae cum preafatione, disputatione prooemiali, et notis Emmanualis Ioachimid de Condado Elements of Interpretation , translated by Moses Stuart Andover, Principles of Biblical Interpretation , translated by Charles H.

Des ersten Theils erster Band. Aus dem Englischen uebersetzt von Johann Christ. Goettingen, Physikalische-chemische Abhandlungen, Erster Band Leipzig, Systema regni animalis per classes, ordines, genera, species varietates cum synonymia et historia animalium. Classis I mammalia. Leipzig, Eschenbach, Johann Christian Idealismus fundamento destitutus Rostock, Sammlung der vornehmsten Schriftsteller, die die Wuerklichkeit ihres eignen Koerpers und der ganzen Koerperwelt laeugnen. Shakespeare Zurich, Beispielsammlung zur Theorie und Literatur der schoenen Wissenschaften Berlin and Stettin, Lehrbuch der Wissenschaftskunde, ein Grundriss encyklopaedischer Vorlesungen Berlin and Stettin, Eschenmayer, Adolph Karl August Saetze aus der Natur-Metaphysik auf chemische und medicinische Gegenstaende angewandt Tuebingen, Versuch die Gesetze magnetischer Erscheinungen aus Saezen der Naturmetaphysik mithin a priori zu entwikeln Tuebingen, Spontaneitaet.

Weltseele oder das hoechste Prinzip der Naturphilosophie Die Philosophie in ihrem Uebergang zur Nichtphilosophie Erlangen, Versuch, die scheinbare Magie des thierischen Magnetismus aus physiologischen und psychischen Gesetzen zu erklaeren Stuttgart and Tuebingen, Psychologie in drei Theilen, als empirische, reine und angewandte Stuttgart and Tuebingen, System der Moralphilosophie Stuttgart and Tuebingen, Religionsphilosophie , 3 vols.

Testaments Tuebingen, Normal-Recht , 2 vols. Leipzig, Bibliotheca Latina , 3 vols. Leipzig, Auszug Aus den Anfangsgruenden der Allgemeinen Gelehrsamkeit oder Weltwitzheit Wollfenbuettle, Auszug Aus den Anfangsgruenden der Allgemeinen Gelehrsamkeit oder Weltwitzheit, besonders der practischen Wollfenbuettle, Abriss einer allgemeinen Historie der Gelehrsamkeit , 3 vols. Coburg, Der neue Emil oder von der Erziehung nach bewaehrten Grundsaetzen, 2 vols. Erlangen, De sensu interno Goettingen, Lehrbuch der praktischen philosophie, 3rd ed.

Vienna, 8th ed. I, vol. Feder's Leben, Natur und Grundsaetze , ed. Neu bearbeitet und erlaeutert von Herrn Diderot. Aus dem Franzoesischen uebersetzt , trans. Immanuel Hermann Fichte , 8 vols. Danzig, Queastio philosophica: an spiritus sint in loco? Was sie say? Dass sie ohne Gott und seine allweise Beschraenkung unmaechtig sey? Hanover, Bauern-Philosophie, oder Belehrungen ueber mancherley Gegenstaende des Aberglaubens und andere nuetzliche Kentnisse, 2 vols.

Jena, Anfangsgruende der Physik in ihren mathematischen und chemischen Theile nach den neuesten Entdeckungen Jena, Physikalische Woerterbuch oder Erklaerung der vornehmsten zur Physik gehoerigen Begriffe und Kunstwoerter so wohl nach atomistischer als auch nach dynamischer Lehrart betrachtet, 10 vols. Zum Gebrauch fuer Gymnasien und andere Lehranstalten Stuttgart, Flatt, Johann Friedrich Briefe ueber den moralischen Erkenntnisgrund der Religion ueberhaupt, und besonders in Beziehung auf die kantische Philosophie Tuebingen, Vorlesungen ueber die christliche Moral , ed.

Barbara Mittler, Prof. Dr.

The Hauge, Le philosophe chretien, ou discours moraux, 4 vols. Formey, 4 vols. Extrait due grand ouvrage Latin. De Mr. De Wolff, par Mr. Avec quelques remarques sur une lettre dans laquelle on soutients que la Matiere pense. Tradiut de l'Allemand. Zum Gebrauche der Juenglinge, und aller die sich belehren wollen. Aus dem Franzoesischen uebersetzt von F. Bierling, 7 vols.

Herausgegeben von dessen Tochter und begleitet mit einer Charakteristik Forster's von G. In neun Baenden. Suivi d'un essai sur l'histoire des Arts dans la Grande-Bretagne. Traduit de l'Allemande par Charles Pougens. Par M. Eine Abhandlung, welcher von der Koenigl. Premiere Partie. Berlin, Table chronologique generale des ouverages de Frederic le Grand. Seconde Partie. Eine Moralische Wochenschrift, 4 vols.

Leipzig, Sammlung Einiger Reden Braunschweig, Garve, Christian De ratione scribendi historiam philosophiae Leipzig, 'Versuch ueber die von der koeniglichen Academie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin fuer das Jahr aufgegebene Frage: Ob man die natuerlichen Neigungen vernichten, oder Neigungen erwecken koenne, welche die Natur nicht erzeugt hat?

Akademie der Wissenschaften in Berlin fuer d. Paley's Grundsaetze der Moral und Politik , trans. Aus dem Englischen der vierten Ausgabe neu uebersetzt , trans. Breslau, Theil 1 Theil 2 Ueber das Daseyn Gottes , new edition Breslau, Gasser, Simon Peter Praelectiones ad codicem Justianaeum eiusque titulos, qui in digestis non continentur Halle, Einleitung zu den Oeconomischen Politischen und Cameral-Wissenschaften Halle, Gatterer, Johann Christoph Dissertatio praevia de adornanda in posterum Germania sacra medii aevi Altdorf, Historia geneologica dominorum Holzschuherorum Nuremberg, Handbuch der Universalhistorie nach ihrem gesamtem Unfange von Erschaffung der Welt bis zum Ursprunge der meisten heutigen Reichen und Staaten Goettingen, Abriss der Universalhistorie nach ihrem gesamten Umfange Goettingen, Einleitung in die synchronistische Universalhistorie , 2 vols.

Richard Fester Berlin, Ueber Berlin. Briefe 'Von einem Fremden' in der Berlinischen Monatsschrift , ed. Moralische Charaktere , ed. Schlegel and G. Heyer Band 1 Band 2 C. Gellert's sammtliche Fablen und Erzaehlungen in drei Buechern Leipzig, Gensichen, Johann Friedrich De figuris circulo inscriptis maximis nex non de figuram divisione Koenigsberg, Ueber den Bau des Himmels.

Drey Abhandlungen aus dem Englischen uebersetzt von Michael Sommer. Nach dem Englischen des Herrn Burke neubearbeitet mit einer Einleitung, Anmerkungen, politischen Abhandlungen und einem critischen Verzeichniss der in England ueber diese Revolution erscheinen Schriften , 2 vols. Ein Denkmal. This shift happened not only because of the broadening of scholars interested in Jesuit history to include those not primarily focused on religion, but also because of developments within the field of religious history.

The wide adoption of the confessionalization thesis in the s, largely developed in the work of Ernst Walter Zeeden, Wolfgang Reinhard, and Heinz Schilling, moved scholarship beyond framing Catholicism and Protestantism as two opposites. The confessionalization thesis, at least in part, created an escape from having to choose whether the Jesuits were completely good or completely evil.

More than just a moral verdict was at stake for historical interpretation. In the tradition of Jacob Burckhardt —97 and Max Weber — , along with being evil the Catholic side was medieval and anti-modern, again the complete opposite of how Protestants were portrayed. Such a framework precluded recognition of the intellectual and social contributions that Jesuits made to European society at the dawn of the modern age.

Forster has moved this scholarly conversation even further. With attention to early modern German Catholicism at the popular level, he has nuanced the narrative of a top-down implementation of confessionalization. His studies show a more dynamic interplay between the church reform promoted by Jesuits and medieval Catholicism in the early modern era.

Certain ideas that people held regarding the Jesuits gave life to the accusations that they were malicious. One of these was that the Jesuits exerted influence over political decisions.

Cluster Asia and Europe - Uni Heidelberg: Person

Jesuits did have connections to powerful political figures in the polities where they had bases throughout the Holy Roman Empire. This idea has been convincingly challenged in recent studies that have highlighted the complexities of Jesuit political thought in this era and the plurality of views and political policies within the order.

While often maligned, the Jesuits actually made key contributions to early modern political thought that was widely adopted if unacknowledged. Jesuits in various courts throughout German lands had local concerns and spiritual aims. The global suppression of the Society of Jesus in by Pope Clement XIV is the controversial event that had the most outstanding impact on the Jesuits. Recent studies have grappled with the question of why the suppression occurred. Jesuit missionaries had been removed from the Portuguese Empire in , France in , and the Spanish Empire in with suspicions about the political intentions of Jesuits being a factor.

Because the overseas empires did not include German polities, German Jesuits do not always receive a great deal of mention in discussion of the global suppression. Many German Jesuits were directly affected by these developments, however, because the German provinces supplied a high percentage of the Jesuit missionaries in the eighteenth century who were removed from their overseas mission fields.

One of the most fascinating pieces of this puzzle is the figure of Maria Theresa of Austria — One final controversial subject that is not usually mentioned by scholars in the same context as the other, more notorious, debates treated thus far is Jesuit involvement in witch trials. The European persecution of witches was particularly acute in German lands and especially Catholic regions.


  • Farmers Market Fairy: a short story.
  • Hautumm Wolfgang.
  • What is the Matrix? (Jean Baudrillard and Simulation in the Wachowski Brothers’ Matrix Series).
  • UWO Kant Research Group | Digital Archive.
  • Beyond the Tomb.
  • Pre-Suppression Jesuits in German-Speaking Lands — Brill.

Bernhard Duhr addressed the legacy of Jesuit participation in these persecutions at four separate points in his history of the Jesuits in Germany, recording that Jesuits both favored and opposed the existing forms of violence against accused witches. Especially in German scholarship, Friedrich Spee, S. The scholarly and popular interest in Spee in German literature has not been matched in any large measure in English scholarship. German Jesuits had a profound impact on education in Europe during the late Renaissance and Enlightenment.

Moritz Steinschneider

They shaped the institutions of learning in German lands and made vital contributions to the academic disciplines of mathematics, astronomy, and natural philosophy that set the course for progress in the so-called Scientific Revolution. Long excluded from a Burckhardtian narrative of European progress, Jesuit thinkers are now increasingly recognized as important actors in many of the multiple processes that increased knowledge of the world.

This shift has coincided with historiographical trends in the field of history of science. Jesuit schools, colleges, and universities in German lands formed the foundation for the great influence the Jesuits had on European education from the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. One of the brightest stars to emerge from the German Jesuit education system in the seventeenth century was the polymath Athanasius Kircher — Recent scholarship in the history of science has challenged such positivist narratives and has given attention to subjects such as early modern alchemy which has previously been seen as pseudo-science.

Similarly, the new scholarship on Kircher recognizes his work as an important part of the intellectual world which produced long celebrated advances and not just a historical dead end. Older narratives often depicted Jesuits, and Catholics as a whole, as traditional and retrospective during the advances of the Scientific Revolution.

German Jesuits made key contributions to transformations within the field of natural philosophy, specifically the acceptance of a mathematical basis for explaining nature, that was a central factor in the landmark shift that eventually overthrew two thousand years of accepted knowledge about the world based on Aristotle. The Jesuits actively helped shape the course of this shift in academic disciplines and not just by resisting change. In the decades before the suppression of the order in at the height of the Enlightenment, the Jesuits in Germany came under siege intellectually from many different directions; even during these years, however, the Jesuits were hardly on the sidelines as the world passed them by.

As a whole, scholarly recognition of Jesuit contributions to science—with central figures and institutions in German lands—has been a key theme in the major shifts within the field of the history of science. In the field of Jesuit studies, it has brought a burst of new energy and perspectives to topics that had been viewed more parochially in the past.

Art, therefore, is yet another example of how the pastoral aims of Jesuits guided their activities in Germany. It did not take the scholarly trends of just the past decades, however, to spark research on the art of German Jesuits. Already in the era of monumental works on Jesuit history in the early twentieth century, scholars had taken up the topic of German Jesuit art.

In , Joseph Braun, S. Jesuit theater was an expansive enterprise with rich details that have been analyzed in depth by scholars. The most famous individual figure in Jesuit theater is playwright Jacob Bidermann — Alexander J. An interest in understanding globalization has given rise to attention to the new connections that were forged throughout the world following extended contact between people from the eastern and western hemispheres after This interest is a component of the influential historiographical development in scholarship over the past twenty years sometimes called the global turn.

This attention has reshaped perspectives on the unity and characteristics of the global Roman Catholic Church in the early modern era, especially in regards to the position of the Jesuits with Rome. The perspective of missionaries has added new textures to our understanding of global interactions in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.

Narratives of imperial history have also been altered. One instance of this shift that is slowly unfolding is the inclusion of Germans as part of the history of global exploration and expansion by Europeans. Recent scholarly attention to German Jesuit missionaries overseas, then, sits at the intersection of several new trends in global histories. There are early studies that chronicle German Jesuit involvement in overseas missions, but they did not become part of the main narratives of imperialism.

Another important result of this scholarship on German Jesuit connections overseas is what it has revealed about religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices of Jesuits in Germany. On a broader level, Jesuits contributed to and sometimes fell victim to the position of German lands as a center of printing in Europe. Many global information networks passed through German lands. On the other hand, critical and sometimes fantastical accounts of Jesuit activities abroad also swirled in print at levels that the Jesuits themselves could not keep pace.

It is one prominent example of the German printed records by and about Jesuits that bear witness to the active role that Jesuits played in the formation of European ideas about the world and the information networks which shaped them. Studies of Jesuits in German-speaking lands are varied and cover a range of topics.

They touched many aspects of society including politics, religion, and art and made records of nearly all their actions.

Nationalhymne Griechenland (GR/DE Text) - Anthem of Greece

The fractured state of scholarship about German Jesuits today is also a result of very well developed individual scholarly fields of research. Many specialized and detailed areas of study are illuminated by attention to Jesuit sources. This necessitates that proper analysis of the Jesuit source or historical figure in question satisfactorily address an existing body of specialized secondary literature. This takes expertise and space, in the form of pages, in a work.

This fracturing has also been intensified in the past few decades by the expansion of topics seen as legitimate subjects for historical inquiry and new topics of interest such as globalization, print culture, and information networks. In these areas, the Jesuits have correctly been identified as being well-suited for study. Finally, this all becomes possible also as a result of the shift away from studies that were mostly by or against Jesuits. There is now a broader range of questions posed to the historical records left by the Jesuits.

With such a fractured body of literature, is it even possible to speak of a single field of scholarship about pre-suppression German Jesuits today? Certainly, it is. The unity of scholarship on German Jesuit history is being preserved by projects such as Jesuit Historiography Online and the bibliographical projects mentioned above which employ great energy to systematize the proliferation of studies that examine Jesuits. These projects are not merely manipulations from outside—an effort to domesticate unruly terrain or to mold a formless mass into something recognizable. They are a continuation of institutional record keeping and self-reporting that has been a central feature of the Society of Jesus for centuries.

Even though interests in Jesuit history have diversified, the new studies that result from those interests are accumulated into a uniquely well-established web of information about the Society of Jesus as an institution. Without being rigid or limiting, well-developed structures are in place, which make it possible to connect new scholarship, as vast as it is, to existing narratives about and knowledge of Jesuit history.

At an even more fundamental level, the new scholarship on sixteenth- to eighteenth-century German Jesuits binds itself together as it is produced. Here again I call attention to the overlapping relationship between the studies and narratives produced around a century ago and the scholarship of the past few decades. Although the nationalism and religious dogmatism that often colored past scholarship has been eschewed in recent years, new research still references the data and narratives of earlier generations of scholars.

The early modern Jesuits, as described by their Jesuit descendants in the early twentieth century, were spiritual men with spiritual concerns. Clossey has written of the risk of those early modern Jesuits losing their Christianity at the hands of modern scholars and becoming merely anthropologists. The scholarship of the past few decades has not ignored the existing body work on Jesuits, which emphasized spiritual aims.

The reason for this is not simply that it is good practice for scholars to be well-versed in old historiography.


  • Buchmarkt Griechenland e!
  • Arduino Adventures: Escape from Gemini Station.
  • Smoke on the Water (GammaLAW Book 1).
  • Ihr Türöffner zum amerikanischen Buchmarkt!
  • De Gruyter New Publications Catalog Classical Studies by De Gruyter - Issuu.
  • Moritz Steinschneider - Wikipedia.

The work from a century ago still remains relevant. The religious and institutional features of the German Jesuits—minutely detailed in those older works—have only become more important as the Jesuits are recognized as key actors in the early modern world. The German Jesuits have long been recognized as important for understanding church history and the history of Catholicism.

Now, they are becoming recognized as important for understanding the history of science, the history of globalization, and other important processes that developed in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. With thoughtful attention, nearly any feature of the early modern German Jesuits can now be linked to the important roles they played in shaping the modern world.

Given the wealth of primary sources left by the order in German-speaking lands, the basis is firmly set for continued growth in the field of scholarship on pre-suppression German Jesuits. I would like to thank Robert A. Maryks for attentive and generous work in his role as editor of this project. Ulrike Strasser at the University of California, San Diego kindly read a draft of this essay and offered her expert opinion. The anonymous reviewer exhibited a detailed knowledge of this field in providing very helpful editorial suggestions and useful references.

I offer my appreciation to both of them, as well as to Virginia Johnston for closely reading a later draft of the essay. Other projects have supplemented the work of Duhr such as Josef Teschitel, S. Bernhard Duhr S. A study of comparable scope has just recently been completed tracing the history of the Jesuits in Germany after the restoration of the order, Klaus Schatz, Geschichte der deutschen Jesuiten, — , 5 vols.

Duhr has never been the subject of a biography. Carlos Sommervogel, S. Since the beginning of the twentieth century bibliographic record keeping has included scholarship about Jesuits written by Jesuits and by others outside of the order. Rome: Institutum Historicum S.

In , Paul Begheyn, S. While currently featuring the years from to , the project aims to eventually incorporate all previous bibliographic compilations of scholarship on Jesuits in its digital format. Perhaps John W. John W. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, , 3— For a more recent succinct historiographical overview see Robert A. The religious ministry of the German Jesuits in question has not been given its own section because of the impossibility of separating religion from the other themes analyzed.

Pierre Favre was canonized by Pope Francis in He was present in German lands at the Diet of Regensburg in and then returned again in to Speyer and then Mainz. Peter Henrici Einsiedeln: Johannes Verlag, Bobadilla and Jay began their ministries in German lands in On Claude Jay see William V. Jahrhundert Freiburg im Breisgau: Herdersche Verlagshandlung, , 1— Julius Oswald, S. Todestag des zweiten Apostels Deutschlands , ed. Duhr, Geschichte der Jesuiten , For a comprehensive bibliography on Canisius see Paul Begheyn, S. Paul Begheyn, S. See for example the following essays by Hilmar M.

Otto Braunsberger, ed. Beati Petri Canisii Societatis Iesu epistulae et acta , 8 vols. Freiburg Brisgoviae — Berndt, —