He was concerned that there would be a revolt of the Greek city-states, so he marched his huge army of over cavalry soldiers and some 30, infantry soldiers to the tip of the Greek peninsula. He destroyed Thebes and this caused fear among the city-states. Even Athens pledged their loyalty to him. At the age of 22, in BCE, he left for his Asiatic campaign.
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They rested for the winter at the southern coast of Asia Minor. Ready for battle once again, they defeated the Persian troops in the summer of BCE. He easily achieved this goal and in he created the city of Alexandria, named after him, of course, which became an important Greek cultural and commerce center. Later that year, he defeated the Persians again at the Battle of Gaugamela.
Alexander the Great Facts
Next he set his sights on eastern Iran, where he formed colonies under Macedonian rule. India was next in BCE. He was impressed by Porus so he gave Porus back his rule and won his loyalty. Alexander marched eastward to the Ganges river but his troops were weary. They missed their wives and children and wanted to go back to Macedonia.
Alexander was wounded by Malli soldiers as they traveled back along the Indus river.
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He recovered and then he and his armies headed north along the Persian Gulf. Many of them died or became ill. In order to unify Persia and Macedonia, he commanded that Macedonians marry princesses from Persia.
He recruited thousands of Persian soldiers and dismissed Macedonian soldiers. This made his loyal soldiers very angry.
He tried to appease them by killing 13 Persian military leaders. At the age of 32, Alexander became ill and died in Babylon, Persia, now part of Iraq, while he was planning the conquests of Carthage and Rome.
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He might have died of malaria, but many historians believe he might have been poisoned. His wife gave birth to his son a few months later.
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Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11, miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered around two million square miles. The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far to the east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce.
This was united by a common Greek language and culture, while the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects. Alexander was acknowledged as a military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and those of his soldiers.
The fact that his army only refused to follow him once in 13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired. Search term:. Read more.
“Alexander the Great” at Usborne Children’s Books
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