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A Part of Me Refused to Die: A memoir rooted in conflict and commitment, entwined with the golden thread of love. Japanese cuisine has seven types of seaweed identified by name, and thus the term for seaweed in Japanese is used primarily in scientific applications, and not in reference to food. Sea grapes Caulerpa lentillifera are cultivated in ponds in the Philippines .
Sea grapes are usually eaten raw with vinegar, as a snack or in a salad . Roasted sheets of nori are used to wrap sushi. Dasima kelp. Seaweed oil , also called Algae oil , is used for making food.
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Seaweed oil is also used for biofuel , massage oil, soaps, and lotions. Common edible seaweeds  include:. Email address:. Our Blog. There are a lot of important concepts that children should learn over the course of their education — especially early on. Born to eat, children spend a lot of time being fed but how much time learning food sources?
I thought it was when I was a kid. Jackfruit Emulsion Seaweed The jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus , also known as jack tree ,  is a species of tree in the fig , mulberry , and breadfruit family Moraceae. Etymology and history. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Jackfruit curry Sri Lanka. Jackfruit masala India. Selling jackfruit in Bangkok.
Extracting the jackfruit arils and separating the seeds from the flesh. Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia Breadfruit - a related species of flowering tree in the mulberry family, originating in the South Pacific Durian - a fruit similar in appearance but from an unrelated tree, also from South East Asia. Lamarck said of the fruit that it was coarse and difficult to digest. Retrieved Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam". The Plant List ; Version 1. Tropical Biology Association. October Archived from the original on Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. Retrieved 19 April In Elevitch, Craig R.
Permanent Agriculture Resources. Linguistic Archaeology of South Asia. California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc. Paull, pp. Suma; Satheesan, K. Peter ed. Management of Horticultural Crops.
Horticultural Science Series. The English name jackfruit is derived from Portuguese jaca , which is derived from Malayalam chakka. Mirabilia descripta: the wonders of the East. Hakluyt Society. Routledge — via Google Books. In Osada, Toshiki; Uesugi, Akinori eds. Indus Project. Oceanic Linguistics. In: Sri Lankan J. Haq: Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Mat; Rusul, G.
August Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Standard Online. Standard Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 December The Daily Star. A Morpho-Molecular Characterization of Jackfruit. Artocarpus heterophyllus. Kerala Agricultural University. A Dictionary of Cebuano Visayan. Filipino Chow. Danang Today. Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention 1st ed. Burlington, MA: Academic Press. Taylor p. John; Thiagarajan, P. Tamil social history. Institute of Asian Studies. International Journal of ChemTech Research. Retrieved 23 May Jackfruit: Artocarpus heterophyllus PDF.
Archived from the original PDF on The Guardian, London, UK.
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Retrieved 17 October Jackfruit at Wikibook Cookbooks Media related to Artocarpus heterophyllus category at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Artocarpus heterophyllus at Wikispecies The dictionary definition of jackfruit at Wiktionary v t e. National symbols of Bangladesh. Osmani National hero. Mango Tree national tree Doel national bird Water lily national flower Royal Bengal Tiger national animal Jackfruit national fruit Ilish national fish.
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Sari female Kurta male. Kabaddi national game Bengali calendar national calendar Bangamata national personification. Cycad Burrawang nut Ginkgo nut Araucaria spp. Non-timber forest products. Furs Honey Pine honey Wild game. Berries Tree fruit. Nuts Spices. Oil Waxes. Category Commons. Mixture of two or more liquids that are generally immiscible. This article is about mixtures of liquids. For the light-sensitive mixture used in photography, see Photographic emulsion. Two immiscible liquids, not yet emulsified An emulsion of Phase II dispersed in Phase I The unstable emulsion progressively separates The surfactant outline around particles positions itself on the interfaces between Phase II and Phase I, stabilizing the emulsion.
Appearance and properties. Fluid system in which liquid droplets are dispersed in a liquid. The term "inverse emulsion" is misleading, suggesting incorrectly that the emulsion has properties that are the opposite of those of an emulsion. Its use is, therefore, not recommended. In fact, lecithos is the Greek word for egg yolk. A number of different chemical and physical processes and mechanisms can be involved in the process of emulsification: [ citation needed ] Surface tension theory — according to this theory, emulsification takes place by reduction of interfacial tension between two phases Repulsion theory — the emulsifying agent creates a film over one phase that forms globules, which repel each other.
This repulsive force causes them to remain suspended in the dispersion medium Viscosity modification — emulgents like acacia and tragacanth , which are hydrocolloids, as well as PEG or polyethylene glycol , glycerine, and other polymers like CMC carboxymethyl cellulose , all increase the viscosity of the medium, which helps create and maintain the suspension of globules of dispersed phase. In food Oil-in-water emulsions are common in food products: Crema foam in espresso — coffee oil in water brewed coffee , unstable emulsion Mayonnaise and Hollandaise sauces — these are oil-in-water emulsions stabilized with egg yolk lecithin , or with other types of food additives, such as sodium stearoyl lactylate Homogenized milk — an emulsion of milk fat in water, with milk proteins as the emulsifier Vinaigrette — an emulsion of vegetable oil in vinegar, if this is prepared using only oil and vinegar i.
Health care In pharmaceutics , hairstyling , personal hygiene , and cosmetics , emulsions are frequently used. In firefighting Emulsifying agents are effective at extinguishing fires on small, thin-layer spills of flammable liquids class B fires. Current Drug Delivery. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. Bibcode : JPCM Ultrasonics Sonochemistry. Bibcode : JETP Food Hydrocolloids. Food Research International. John Journal of Food Engineering. Emulsions: Making oil and water mix. Churchill Livingstone. Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy 21st ed. Public News List. University of Michigan Health System. Principles of Fire Protection Chemistry and Physics.
Philip Sherman; British Society of Rheology Rheology of emulsions: proceedings of a symposium held by the British Society of Rheology Harrogate, October Routes of administration , dosage forms. Mouthwash Toothpaste Ointment Oral spray. Smoking device Dry-powder inhaler DPI. Oxygen mask and Nasal cannula Oxygen concentrator Anaesthetic machine Relative analgesia machine. Intradermal Subcutaneous Transdermal implant. Intracavernous Intravitreal Intra-articular injection Transscleral. Intracerebral Intrathecal Epidural.
Authority control NDL : Algae that can be eaten and used in the preparation of food. Distribution Seaweeds are used extensively as food in coastal cuisines around the world. Suckering is a common method of asexual reproduction in the willow family Salicaceae , which includes cottonwoods Populus , willows Salix and aspen. The above-ground stems appear to be separate trees, but they all arose from a genetically identical root system. Like the creosote bush clones in the White Mountains of California, it is quite likely that some of the root systems have broken away, so that some of the trees are no longer directly connected to the clone, but they still share a common genome.
References: Grant, M. Mitton, J. Aspen trees Populus tremuloides commonly reproduce asexually by suckering adventitious stems. In some regions of western North America, entire forest populations stands may be genetically identical. For thousands of years these enormous clonal populations have been spreading across meadows and mountain slopes, and many of the trees actually share a common root system. T here are approximately , species of described flowering plants in the world, and they range in size from diminutive alpine daisies only a few inches tall to massive eucalyptus trees in Australia over feet 91 m tall.
But the undisputed world's smallest flowering plants belong to the genus Wolffia , minute rootless plants that float at the surface of quiet streams and ponds. I f a water molecule is represented by 10 0 , then a wolffia plant is about 10 20 power larger than the water molecule. The earth is about 10 20 power larger than a wolffia plant, or 10 40 power larger than the water molecule. W olffia plants also produce the world's smallest flower, a bouquet of one dozen plants will easily fit on the head of a pin and two Wolffia angusta plants in full bloom will fit inside a small printed letter "o" on this page.
Several individuals of Wolffia angusta placed lengthwise inside the "eye" of an ordinary sewing needle. The distinctive dorsal margin is clearly visible on one of the plants. The width of one plant body is the same as a single strand of sewing thread, making this one of the smallest species of wolffia. It is rivaled in size only by the Asian species W. If the Wolffia illustrations in the following table are proportional in size, then the Australian W. Candy sprinkles compared with a thimble filled with wolffia plants mostly Wolffia columbiana.
To appreciate their minute size, wolffia plants are comparable in size to the multicolored candy sprinkles used for decorating cakes and cookies.
TN #68 Introducing a New Fruit Crop
Left: Dorsal view of several budding Wolffia borealis in full bloom. The floral cavity on the dorsal side reveals a circular concave stigma nearest the basal end and a single, pollen-bearing anther. Unlike Lemna , Spirodela and Landoltia , the flower is not enclosed within a membranous spathe.
The flowers are protogynous, with the stigma becoming receptive before the anther matures and sheds pollen. The far right plant shows only the stigma, while the far left plant shows only the anther. The top and bottom plants show both the stigma and a faint anther. As of 21 January , no wolffia plants have been reported from Anza Borrego Desert. Right: Lateral view of flowering Wolffia borealis showing the dorsal floral cavity containing one anther-bearing stamen and one pistil gynoecium.
The pistil has a seed-bearing ovary, a slender short style and a circular, concave stigma. A daughter plant protrudes from a funnel-like budding pouch at the basal end. A budding Wolffia borealis in full bloom. The floral cavity on the parent plant contains a minute pistil gynoecium with a circular concave stigma and a single stamen with a minute pollen-bearing anther. The plant is compared with the tip of an ordinary sewing needle and a cubical grain of ordinary table salt NaCl. Three grains placed side-by-side are approximately 1 mm in length.
Giant wisteria vine in the City of Sierra Madre, California. This giant Indian banyan Ficus benghalensis on the island of Maui covers about one acre. It undoubtedly exceeds the Sierra Madre wisteria in total weight, but its flowers can hardly be called "blossoms" to garden enthusiasts. A dense stand of quaking aspen Populus tremuloides. Some aspen stands share a common root system and are genetically identical clones covering many acres. They started out as a single plant many centuries ago.
Collectively, they represent an enormous flowering plant weighing hundreds of tons. Banyan figs are enormous flowering plants, but their flowers are minute. They have no petals and consist of a single pistil or several stamens. Although they technically qualify as true flowers, they are not showy blossoms. The infamous "stinking corpse lily" Rafflesia arnoldii , the world's largest flower. The Bolivian bromeliad, Puya raimondii produces one of the largest flower clusters or inflorescences. The individual flower stalk may be over 30 feet 9 m tall, bearing more than 8, white blossoms.
This enormous flower stalk is rivaled by some species of Agave. According to Charles E. The huge inflorescence may be 10 meters over 30 feet tall with millions of flowers. Chaparral yucca Yucca whipplei , a native member of the agave family thast grows wild in the coastal sage scrub adjacent to the Palomar College Arboretum.
Flower close-up shows two black yucca moths Tegeticula maculata which are the natural pollinator for this interesting yucca species in San Diego County. Agave americana T he inflorescence in left image is about 30 ft. This species is monocarpic: It flowers and bears fruit only once and then dies.
Century plants Agave and some yuccas Yucca whipplei bloom after to 20 years or more and then die. Most of the Agave's resources go into the enormous, rapid-growing flower stalk. At the base of the withering leaves, small "pups" will take the place of the dying mother plant. Most varieties of bamboos in cultivation are clones derived from a single plant that may be traced back to one seed. This may explain why some cultivated bamboos have the same flowering cycle and mortality as populations on different continents.
By far the majority of bamboo species are not monocarpic, i. Right: The magnificent titan arum Amorphophallus titanum at the Huntington Botanic Garden on August 3, one day after its peak blooming period. The large, funnel-shaped spathe red on the inner surface is already folded closed in photo. Thousands of people witnessed this very unusual blossom. Those lucky enough to be at Huntington Botanic Garden on the previous day August 2 saw this spectacular inflorescence with the reddish spathe opened wide, resembling the drawing on the commemorative T-shirt right , for sale at HBG.
To find out more about this amazing plant or T-shirt log on to the Huntington Botanic Garden web site at www. This California species is pollinated by fungus gnats. The bizarre flower of a Brazilian Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia gigantea. The front view left shows a central yellow spot where an opening leads into an enclosed pouch.
The back view right superficially resembles a pair of lungs with a canal leading into an inflated, stomach-like pouch. The blossom is over 14 inches 36 cm long. Fruits of the duckweed family Lemnaceae. The small, bladderlike, thin-walled fruit is technically called a utricle. Because of their small size usually only mm or less , fruits of the duckweed family are seldom seen.
In fact, the one-seeded fruits of Wolffia species are the undisputed smallest fruits on earth. Two of the smallest are the Australian W. The wolffia fruits were photographed in an alcohol ethanol solution and the salt grains have dissolved slightly resulting in rounded corners and the appearance of ice cubes; however, they are truly grains of table salt measuring only 0. The world's smallest fruits are produced by species of Wolffia , including the Australian W. The above image shows a mature fruit within the plant body. The larger fruit of Lemna shows a thin, transparent pericarp surrounding a ribbed seed.
A pericarp layer is not evident on the wolffia fruits. A lthough duckweeds of the genus Lemna have plant bodies a little larger than wolffia, the one-seeded fruits of some species are almost as small. The photo at left shows a minute fruit protruding from a budding pouch at the top of a tropical duckweed L. The head of an ordinary straight pin is shown as a size relationship. NOTE: When this article was first uploaded and placed on-line in the spring of , it appeared that the squash had clearly beaten its long-time rival, the pumpkin, and was indeed the world's largest fruit at least according to contests sponsored by the World Pumpkin Confederation.
But finally, on that fateful day of October 5, at the official World Pumpkin Confederation weigh-in at Clarence, New York, the pumpkin once again regained its title of the world's largest fruit.