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Non-referential uses of nominalization constructions: Asian perspectives. Invited review article for Language and Linguistics Compass 4 12 : Blackwell [22 pages] Aspectual asymmetries in the mental representation of events: Role of lexical and grammatical aspect. Springer DOI: Tam, Wai-ming and Foong-ha Yap. Yap, Foong Ha and Stephen Matthews.

The development of nominalizers in East Asian and Tibeto-Burman languages. Rethinking grammaticalization: New perspectives Typological Studies in Language 76 , pp. Aspectual asymmetries in Japanese: Insights from a reaction time study. From pronominalizer to pragmatic marker: Implications for unidirectionality from a crosslinguistic perspective. Yap, Foong Ha and Shoichi Iwasaki. From causative to passive: A passage in some East and Southeast Asian languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. The grammar, meaning and referential functions of else. English Language and Linguistics 4 2 : Cambridge University Press [44 pages] Yap, Foong Ha and Yasuhiro Shirai.

On the nature of connectionist conceptualizations and connectionist explanations. Issues in Applied Linguistics, 5: A connectionist perspective to second language acquisition research. Gengo no Sekai, Shirai, Yasuhiro and Foong Ha Yap. In defense of connectionism.

Issues in Applied Linguistics, 4: Li, L. A corpus-based comparative study on green and environmentalism. Linguistics and the Human Sciences accepted. Taillefer ed. Berlin: Springer in press. Diachronic and synchronic meaning change of the metaphor tsunami: A case study of words as a social enterprise. In Mona, D. Printing Adam. Li, L and Gong, Q. Linguistic purity? Profiling lettered words in Chinese dictionaries. In Xu, H. Jinan Journal of Foreign Languages , 2 3 , A comparative study of discoursal and ideological representations of protesters in international online news during Occupy Central.

Journal of Communication in Society, 25 2 , Impoliteness and non-politeness in workplace emails written by Chinese users of English. Lu, Z. The Asia Journal of Applied Linguistics, 3 1 , Li, L Beyond grammar: Meaning generation of connectives in PhD thesis writing. In Lu, Z. Tertiary English education: Issues and perspectives from Asian contexts pp. Liu, L and Li, L. Noun phrase complexity in EFL academic writing: a corpus-based study of postgraduate academic writing.

Huang, C. Lexicography in the contemporary period. In Chan, S. The Routledge encyclopedia of the Chinese language pp. London: Routledge. An empirical study of English corpus as a reference tool for PhD students. In Li, L. The Routledge encyclopedia of translation technology pp. Lexicography ,1, DOI In DeCouorsey, C. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN: Contextual and cultural influence on the use of first person pronouns by Chinese learners of English.

In Qian, D. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Li, Z. Evaluating an academic writing course-based integrated model. Qian, D.

Course Lists

Teaching and learning English in East Asian universities: Global visions and local practices. Interactive and collaborative learning in virtual English classes. Advanced Photography. Journalism Theory and Analysis. Feature Writing. Understanding Culture through Film. Media Economics and ICTs. Communication Patterns in Chinese Society. Strategies for Integrated Communication Campaigns.

Media forms old and new — newspapers, magazines, films, radio, television, pop music, Internet, social media, and mobile phones — are shaping our social and political life, cultivating our cultural imaginations, and articulating our personal experiences and a sense of belonging in a rapidly changing world. This course examines the many roles of the media in the web of modern life. The purpose is to help students gain a sense of the origins and modern day practices of the mass media.

But with the advance of digital media technologies, old boundaries among the distinctive media sectors are seemingly blurring or even falling apart, while there might also be new types of "media companies. The overarching questions to be discussed in the class include: How can one characterize the configuration of the contemporary media industries? What are the key trends underlying the transformation of the media industries? What are the implications of these transformations for "media workers"? What does it mean by working as a journalist, a creative content producer, an advertiser, etc.

What are the communication practices involved in the various industries? What are the broader social, cultural, and political implications of the transformation of media work and media industries? Students will learn to gather, organize and present information in different formats. They will also learn to write and manage social networking sites. It also gives a clear understanding of why the key to any successful and powerful marketing strategy is an insightful understanding of target audience's behavior, aspiration and motivation, and their relationship with the brand, category, competition and the environment.

Majors are required to take an active part in thereporting, editing and advertising for the School's practicum newspaper. Majors are required to take an active part in the reporting, editing and advertising for the School's practicum publication.

Fachbereich Philosophie und Geisteswissenschaften

Majors are required to take an active part in reporting, editing and advertising for the School's practicum publication. Prerequisite: COMM This course talks about the characteristics and functioning of news, and its important role and functions in society. News is vital to us as it brings latest information of the day, helps create public opinion, educate our young generations, monitor the government and the powerful, as well as provide relaxation to our busy lives. Understanding the news essentially helps us know our society. Various concepts and theories from the mass communication discipline are introduced together with some perspectives from other social sciences.

Real-life examples from Hong Kong and abroad are analyzed. Students are first introduced to the unique nature of news and different types of news as found in both print and electronic media. Some latest news formats, including free dailies, online newspapers, network social media and citizen journalism, are discussed in both international and local contexts.

Relationships between journalism and closely related professions such as advertising and public relations are explicated in order to understand the actual functioning of news, as well as its impact on society. Students will explore the concept and strategy of campaigning, and examine the characteristics of different media as campaign tools and communication platform. The use of marketing and social networking techniques in socio-political campaigns will also be discussed. It will encompass diverse theories and technical skills training on sound and creative media, ranging from radio through television and film to sound installation.

Workshops will be given to heighten the students' sensitivity towards the possibility and range of sounds as a form of expression. Students will plan, conceptualize and execute their sound work for Creative Media Laboratory Portal. Students will research, evaluate and edit content for Creative Media Laboratory Portal. Meanwhile, media management skills will be acquired through organizing, curating and exhibiting audio-visual and creative projects from other courses of the School. COMM Photojournalism. Basic principles and uses of news photography as creative communication.

Not for students who have taken COMM Issues to be discussed in the class will include, among others, the definition, history, and current status of globalization, how media communications relate to the social, cultural, economic, and political aspects of globalization, and the characteristics of the processes of the global information and media flows.

Students are expected to acquire a basic understanding of the "field" of global communication. The course shall also emphasis the connections between seemingly local public affairs and their global contexts. While the exact issues to be addressed in the class may vary in association with current events, the underlying aim is to cultivate students' interests in and ability to analyze public issues in global perspectives. It is organized around three overarching questions: First, in what ways does the work of communication professionals influence individuals in society, as citizens and as consumers?

Second, how are meanings created in mediated communication processes and what is the role of citizens and consumers in this process? Third, how do media and communication relate to critical issues such as social inequality and social justice?

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Why might the media be deemed to contribute to certain problems? Many of the theories covered in this course were developed in different traditions which have wide-ranging implications for our understanding of media and communication. Emphasis is on the production of news stories that are truthful, accurate, and yet also readable and understandable to a local public. It covers the basic history, technologies, systems, programming, production techniques, technical vocabulary, and elementary theory required in the world of radio, television, film, and multimedia production.

Introduction to new formats, documentaries and others through theory and practices to obtain the experience. Students learn the basic principles through workshop exercises. It covers major categories of PR writing, including writing for press kit, in-house publication, annual report, press announcement and feature article for media placement. The course will delve into techniques, funding and ethical issues that NGOs face when driving policy change. Students will apply knowledge and devise campaigns to mobilize the civil society to contribute to social benefits. Discussion is also on campaigns and appropriations, retail and industrial aspects.

Attention is also given to the applications of advertising management decisions to solve marketing communication problems for advertisers, media executives and creative people, including strategic planning, preparing, directing, controlling and evaluating advertising campaigns. Students will examine topics like materialism and commercialization of friendship to see how advertising persuade consumers through subtle uses of messages.

They will also decode the formation and shifting of values promoted by Government and green campaigns. The course will help students distinguish between authentic and mediated reality regarding topics on artificial perfection of body image, sexual objectification and gender stereotyping. The students enrolling in this course will be at the forefront of the surging IMC 3.

Students also learn to conduct their own analysis of news in local or foreign media. Efforts will be made to explore the potential impact of such media representations on conflicts, violence, crimes, and sexual practices in the real world. The course aims to enhance students' creative, aesthetic as well as intellectual ability of evaluating different media art forms and expression.

The course covers art theory, aesthetics, theories on creativity, technical and commercial aspects of various forms of production and popular culture. The course puts emphasis on real life application and possibilities for producing creative work and culture. It teaches students how to analyze a script, develop concepts that meet the needs of a script, develop sketches and construction drawings, work with directors and producers, and operate within budget limitations. Students will learn about the basic cinematic techniques and structures, including mise-en-scene and montage, use of cinematic time and space, the image, soundtrack, and the script.

Theoretical perspectives such as realism, feminism, postmodernism would be introduced to address the political, economic and socio-cultural implications of movies. Equipped with these analytical tools, students can critically appreciate movies of different era and different places. Not for students who have taken UGED This course focuses on a variety of film genres, such as detective and gangster films, musicals, comedies, family dramas and westerns.

Genres have been popular since the beginning of the film medium. This course will examine the cultural and economic reasons for their continued popularity. Film showings and film clips will demonstrate how genres evolve over time and how some of the great film directors have made genre films of lasting impact. This class assumes no prior knowledge of film. Students will be assessed on the basis of a paper and an examination. Not for students who have taken UGEC This course aims to examine a number of key issues that are closely related to developments in Internet and digital media.

The advent of communication technologies has brought tremendous changes to media environments. Media convergence and participatory culture are two most notable emerging trends that have contributed to new forms of media production and consumption. Students will be introduced to key concepts and perspectives in appreciating, analyzing and evaluating such trends.

Through case studies about social media, streaming entertainment, Internet celebrities, networked social movements and digital surveillance culture, etc, students will review the many tacit assumptions about Internet in their everyday life.

ZHENG Baizhong

COMM Photography. Students are allowed to take this Special Topic course at most twice, and gain the units each time they pass the course. However, students cannot take courses with the same course code more than once in a single term. The course will focus on the role of film and television in the historical formation of this vibrant Hong Kong culture. It will also explore themes such as re-nationalization, nostalgia and representations of mainlanders after the sovereignty transfer in The course is developed and evolved around two major themes, namely mass media and gender.

Using key concepts and theories in mass communication and cultural studies, it discusses the influences and power of mass media with an emphasis on gender-related issues. The latter are in turn related to other social and cultural phenomena that will bring in knowledge an perspectives from other disciplines e. The course will examine several recurrig controversies related to gender in mass media.

These controversies range from representation of sex and gender in media, to the media portrayals of homosexuals and the treatment of taboos. The course will identify and discuss the many competing viewpoints, and the ensuing actions, held by different stakeholders, including media producers, social activists, government regulators, educators and the general audiences. Their implications to legislation and education will also be identified.

By a continuous process of socio-spatial appropriation whereby society embeds new meanings and significance of a place, feelings of attachment and belonging are created. People would always look for ways to create or embed social meaning to a place.

Academic Publications:

When there is an active process of en-. With deep rootedness on the ground and to the people who inhabit it, new towns can become an ideal city which reflects what the communities value and how they wish to shape their life-world. Opposite page. Following spread. A conserved one-hundred-year-old tree at Sau Mau Ping Estate in Hong Kong is now the centre of attraction of a communal space. Photo by Lai Kok Heng Tommy. In the s, the designation became a synonym for new towns complying with a set of criteria: A site classified by public authorities as suitable for or requiring mass housing, a landscape shaped by a coherent entity of residential blocks and towers arranged around a public plaza, a clear typological breach with neighboring urban territories and a repetitive, a minimum of residential units and standardized, cost-efficient design achieved by normalized planning1.

Architects such as Emile Aillaud based their grands ensembles designs on 19th and early 20th-century developments such as company towns and garden cities. Despite limited funds, they showed that it was possible to create colored, playful buildings, vary their appear-. Unfortunately, structural weaknesses mainly originating from their spatial location led to the dramatic failure of an outstanding number of grands ensembles: Remoteness from urban cores, lack of infrastructure, lack of transport facilities and forced social segregation turned many of them into high-crime areas infamous for riots, violence, gang wars, drug abuse and in some cases a total absence of public authorities.

High-Rises in an Alpine Environment Frequently, the brutalist layout of the areas. Moritz Revisited is the alpine flavor of a series of storyboards envisioning global urbanization, advocating for a utopist, egalitarian design that undermines functionalist rationalism by pushing it to its extremes4: Going beyond the suburban grands ensembles, it declares radical functionalism to act as social equalizer, as deliberate means to overcome social distortions, ultimately rendering useless any individual design of the built environment — excepting historical showcases.

Following these reflections, a brief look at two French mountain resorts of the s shall illustrate to what extent their development has been influenced by the grands ensembles typology. Flaine, established in a formerly untouched landscape basin in Haute-Savoie, followed modernist principles in both design and technologies applied: buildings made from pre-fabricated elements were carefully inserted into the landscape, facades made of concrete matching the surrounding rocks subtly play with light and shadow. Unlike Avoriaz that flirts with the chalet archetype, wood in Flaine has only been used reluctantly on the outside of buildings.

As Cumin points out in a approach to a definition, an integrated resort is located at an altitude where at least four months of snow can be expected, which generally is high above most traditional alpine villages. It is laid out in a dense and compact manner, with high-rise buildings grouped around a semicircular area, sunny and well covered with snow, from where the ski lifts to different mountain flanks leave and the arrival points of the slopes converge. The ground floors of the delimiting buildings are generally occupied by food outlets with outdoor seating, further enhancing a purposefully adapted agora function.

The set of buildings shields pedestrian and sports areas on the inside side from car-accessible areas on the outside, appearing as delimitation between vacation and non-vacation functionalities. The outside, a zone that vacationers only frequent on arrival and departure days, is linked to areas below by one single access road.

Table of contents

Both Flaine, explicitly modeled after the grands ensembles7,. Flaine in its ultra-modernism went even further, literally transposing the speed scale of an urban CBD into the vacation space: Several blocks are intra-connected by ultrafast inclined elevators. Replacing hotel rooms — and big-name hotel chains that did not yet see enough incentives to come to Avoriaz - by apartments, some of them only 15 m2 in net size, emerged as a win-win situation, flat owners taking advantage of the lease paid by vacationers and the resort enabled to rapidly set up critical hospitality infrastructure at greatly reduced financial charges.

In its first years, Avoriaz was accessible by aerial tram only: When the access road opened in , parking was outside the resort and sleds were provided for vacationers to move their luggage from car to accommodation: The declared objective to make the mountain widely accessible, yet offer an uncompromised recrea-. Revaluation and Historic Heritage Avoriaz and Flaine, in contrast, have been continuously extended and adapted, reacting to an ageing infrastructure that is now approaching 50 years of age - lately by taking out internal walls, combining two micro-flats into one being able to suit current expectations from vacationers.

By redecorating, remodeling and extending infrastructure, the integrated ski resorts grew and changed with the middle class that had been their original target group: Flaine was notorious, until the turn of 21st century, for its complete absence of crime. Notes 1. Dufaux, F. Dhuys, J. Furuto, A. McGuirk, J. Cumin, G. Retrieved from parcoursinventaire.

Rouillard, D. Bourreau, C. The French Franc between and suffered from a single to double-digit inflation Serraz, G. Baudrillard J. Louis, MO, p. In general, certain themes would recur throughout the studio work as the major topics of interest. The car ownership rate in Hong Kong ranks among the lowest in the developed world, and use of public transport is nearly universal here.

The relationship between new development and public transportation naturally took precedence in student work. Owing to the success of the Mass Transit Railway MTR since its opening in , the government has put great investment toward expansion of the metro system. Coupled with the top-down planning of new towns in the city and the diversification of the MTR into property development, transit-oriented development TOD has become extremely common in Hong Kong.

Learning from the existing TOD typologies we encounter each day, several students used Hung Shui Kiu as grounds to explore new transit-oriented development models. The viaducts of the West Rail Line, the longest bridges in Hong Kong, carry this high capacity metro line east-west through the Hung Shui Kiu site and provide for a quick connection to the urban core. Students saw these transit nodes as major aspects of the plans in various ways: as community centres and gathering places, and as quick connections to other places that may thrust this hinterland into the regional fore The viaduct and station box are highlighted at the centre of a central green spine.

Green appendages connect to the urban fabric and form a park network. This space eases the tension between the new development and the existing villages. Development of the highest intensity is clustered alongside the Kong Sham Highway. The typical MTR transit-oriented development takes the form of a shopping centre integrated with a railway station. These have typically taken the form of inward-facing developments with poor relationships with the exterior streetscape.

An axial public space bridges the gap between an existing light rail stop and a new metro station. The site chosen is mostly brownfield land so as to preserve and build from the existing village fabric. The linear city is built along, on top of, and underneath the existing metro viaduct, forging an integral link between a new urban fabric and transport nodes. In this sense the design is deferential to the numerous existing villages which already inhabit the Hung Shui Kiu area. A highway bridge at the western edge of the site already provides a direct link across Deep Bay.

The concept of a new railway line linking the Hong Kong and Shenzhen airports was first published in the Second Railway Development Strategy of This project may have profound implications for the Hung Shui Kiu area, as it may possibly be routed through the district. WEL is still under government consideration and has no formalized alignment, but students envisioned the various options shown at right.

This infrastructure represents economic potential and spurred some students to focus particularly on the significance of the new town within the context of the northwest New Territories, and within the greater Pearl River Delta megacity. This scheme proposes the development of the Hung Shui Kiu new town as a major urban subcentre with an economic clustering of creative industries.

To this end, it includes studio spaces, art schools, performing arts and exhibition venues, and market space. In recent decades, Hong Kong has developed numerous commercial centres. Business and employment figures in the traditional city centre of Central district are now rivalled by those of other areas, like Kowloon East. Similarly, Hung Shui Kiu here is envisioned to become a significant regional hub. The district is internally anchored by several commercial centres built around three different MTR stations.

The scheme proposes a multilayered urbanism, with soaring elevated roadways and pedestrian walkways, as a compromise between the ownership rights of the villagers, and the development aspirations of the government. The amoebic megastructure is drawn from the mangrove forests found around some areas of the Deep Bay coastline. Could this be a more human, organic approach than that of Tin Shui Wai with its countless standardized residential blocks? This project is user-oriented in other respects, including a focus on fostering street life, and on providing a variety of building and housing typologies.

After spending a previous semester studying the finegrained, highly developed urban district of Sai Ying Pun, there was an expectation that Hung Shui Kiu would be a new town from scratch, and an opportunity for free creative reign. But the area is far from a blank slate.

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Many student projects were in fact heavily characterized by their attempts to sensitively integrate the existing fabric with new development, or to enhance elements of the natural environment. The scheme builds off the neighbouring, earlier generation new town at Tin Shui Wai, seeking to provide employment and recreation opportunities for residents of the area, which may be characterized as a bedroom community with few jobs.

The present positive elements of the area - the indigenous villages, the hydrological features, and farmland - should be blended together for new town design in Hung Shui Kiu. Interviews were conducted with villagers on their feelings toward everyday concerns with public space, social facilities, community life, and tradition.

The resulting scheme is radical in its deference to the present-day village life and culture. In contrast to the more uniformly high storey height profile of adjacent Tin Shui Wai, this plan simulates the more varied building stock of an older area with construction of a variety of styles and building height.

It holds a focus on providing more than the prevailing standard in Hong Kong: more living space, more green space, and more amenity space, stemming from enhanced, greened nullahs and associated parkland. Completed in summer , the projects were accompanied more in-depth writing and further development of the individual core themes.

At a finer scale, it draws from other Hong Kong cases some possible best practices for developing healthy pedestrian environments.

Day in the Life of Malaysian Students in CUHK

Hopefully, this approach might help counter the bleak state of pedestrian environments in the Tin Shui Wai area. In some newer developments in Hong Kong, poor urban design quality might only draw out the dominant rhythm. For Hung Shui Kiu then, the author proposes a unique new form of new town marked by intense development with circulation at all levels.

From the curatorial point of view, it deemed inevitable to admit that we had produced more questions than answers about what new towns today could be like, and how to address this prevailing combination of massive housing and underlaying villages. In the end, the feeling was that at this point we could only document and present the work as a process of what had happened in our activities.

On the other hand, seeing this entire timeline, it seemed like a good beginning. First sketches for a larger scale exhibition with a replicated scene of the village life and a wall newspaper project, allowing more engagement with the public. But if there was something that the exhibition could achieve, was to try and show the sensation of the finer grains of our experiences. In putting together this book it seemed that so many people who had taken part in our activites had come to the same conclusion that there were still certain traits in the disorderly urban mixture of Hung Shui Kiu that felt special if you spent some time observing them.

So it became a question of how to display that particular untaken debate. Ultimately, many of the questions sparkled more curiosity. How to go deeper? Photos from a series of study trips in January , as the new studios were about to begin their work. Examples of contamporary village houses in juxtaposition to the imposing highrise public housing of Tin Shui Wai. Publication contributors, students and workshop participants Mika Savela , , , , 24, 25, , , , , , 50, , 60, 61, , , , , , , , , , , , larger , , , , , , , bottom , Hendrik Tieben , , smaller , top , , , , , , MO Kar Him , , , , , Michela Turrin 93, 94, 95 Maurice Harteveld 99, , Roberto Cavallo , , Yeo Kee Aik Shaun , LIM Xin Yi Dawn.

Urban design plays a key role in creating livable, sustainable and socially just cities. As one of the most dynamic and fascinating laboratories for contemporary urbanism, Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta offer a wide range of challenges and opportunities. Launched in , the M. Through a multidisciplinary combination of design studios and focused modules, students develop design skills while integrating new knowledge about essential areas for urban design, such as community participation, ecosystems and transport networks.

Courses in urban history, transportation and environmental economy provide a deeper understanding of the forces of urbanism and the impact of urban design on the environment and society. For more information see our programme website www. Aggie Cheng Project Coordinator Tel. See More. While the land policy of the New Territories is a hot topic in Hong Kong, the general question of how to plan new towns also presents an opportunity for this part of Asia to reflect on the way we want to live in the future.

If we really aim to RE-DO a new town, Hung Shui Kiu should be a well-studied case in reconsidering, what really is the ideal density, mixture of green and built, farmland and highway, malls or corner shops, production and creativity? Again, the planning of Hung Shui Kiu should challenge the previous attempts for a ready-made ideal communities and urban 29 typologies and consider the ideal city not as a utopian end-result but a process allowing for a multitude of voices, unpretty things, unplanned scenarios and unknown solutions in bettering the urban life.

Below, working with the large workshop model. According to this latter point, semi-outdoor spaces are regarded like areas acting as passive climate controllers, often constituting occasions for improving the climatic sustainability of the surroundings. Despite proliferation of issues, the students were intrigued by the social cohe- sion shown in villages; the tissue of the built environment resulting from populated common spaces; sheltered semi-outdoor areas hosting daily activities; the community actively taking care of greenery and small cultivations.

In both cases, 94 Students interviewing local roof-farmers left.

School of Journalism and Communication, CUHK - Course Lists

This does not mean ideal models and their possible development into new towns are neg- ative a-priori, while instead ungrounded visions might be more dangerous. While much has been 95 Examples of blind ground-floors in Tin Shui Wai. Photos by Michela Turrin. In this respect, students engaged in re-thinking the small scale of ground-floor interventions in-between buildings and in general of semi-outdoor structures as occasions for integrating technological innovation for sustainability and low-tech local tra- dition, which the residents were glad to share.

In comparison with the Hong Kong new towns, the development in the Netherlands is paying 97 more attention to the differentiation of urban functions instead of mainly focusing on the housing provision. In the past, my university was one of the hot spots of the international scene of the High 99 Above. The square and the big tree in Lo Uk Tsuen village.

Illustration by Maurice Harteveld. Sketching Hung Shui Kiu. Junkyards against the public housing in Tin Shui Wai. Photo by Maurice Harteveld. These at the first glance diverging characteristics of this area are in a way representative, almost typical marks of Hong Kong. Particularly the area of Hung Shui Kiu, with the municipal planning machine New Territories outdoor activites. Photo by Roberto Cavallo.