Cepheus is generally represented as a robed king with a crown of stars, standing with his left foot planted over the pole and his scepter extended towards his queen. Image source: www. Cassiopeia was a boastful woman, and foolishly bragged that she was more beautiful than Juno, the queen of the gods, and the Nereids.
In order to avenge the insult to his nymphs, Neptune sent a sea monster to ravage the Ethiopian coast. Some accounts state that the constellation Cetus represents the sea monster, but a more common view of Cetus is that he is a peaceful whale. The horrified king consulted Ammon, the oracle of Jupiter, who said that Neptune could be appeased only by sacrificing Cassiopeia's beautiful virgin daughter, Andromeda, to the monster. Andromeda was duly chained to a rock on the coast, fully exposed to the monster. Fortunately for her, the hero Perseus happened to be flying by on his way back from killing the Gorgon Medusa: When Perseus saw the princess, her arms chained to the hard rock, he would have taken her for a marble statue, had not the light breeze stirred her hair, and warm tears streamed from her eyes.
Without realizing it, he fell in love. Amazed at the sight of such rare beauty, he stood still in wonder, and almost forgot to keep his wings moving in the air. Tell me your name, I pray, and the name of your country, and why you are in chains. Andromeda The Princess At first she was silent; for, being a girl, she did not dare to speak to a man.
She would have concealed her face modestly behind her hands, had they not been bound fast. What she could do, she did, filling her eyes with starting tears. When Perseus persisted, questioning her again and again, she became afraid lest her unwillingness to talk might seem due to guilt; so she told him the name of her country, and her own name, and she also told him how her mother, a beautiful woman, had been too confident in her beauty.
Before she had finished, the waters roared and from the ocean wastes there came a menacing monster, its breast covering the waves far and wide. The girl screamed. Her sorrowing father was close at hand, and her mother too. They were both in deep distress, though the mother had more cause to be so Metamorphoses IV Perseus tells Andromeda's parents that he'll kill the monster if they agree to give him their daughter's hand in marriage. They of course give him their consent, and Perseus kills the monster. His exact method of doing so varies in different versions of the myth.
Ovid has Perseus stab the monster to death after a drawn-out, bloody battle, while other versions have the hero simply hold up the head of Medusa, turning the monster to stone. Andromeda is freed, and the two joyously marry. Andromeda is represented in the sky as the figure of a woman with her arms outstreched and chained at the wrists Orion The Hunter There are two different versions of the Orion myth, depending on the identity of his parents.
The first of these identifies the sea-god Neptune as Orion's father and the the great huntress Queen Euryale of the Amazons as his mother. Orion inherited her talent, and became the greatest hunter in the world. Unfortunately for him, with his immense strength came an immense ego, and he boasted that he could best any animal on earth.
In response to his vanity, a single small scorpion stung him and killed him. Another version of the Orion myth states that he had no mother but was a gift to a pious peasant from Jupiter, Neptune, and Mercury. A skilled blacksmith, he fabricated a subterranean palace for Vulcan. Orion fell in love with Merope, daughter of Oenopion and princess of Chios. Her father the king, however, would not consent to give Orion his daughter's hand in marriage--even after the hunter rid their island of wild beasts. In anger, Orion The Hunter Orion attempted to gain possession of the maiden by violence.
Her father, incensed at this conduct, having made Orion drunk, deprived him of his sight and cast him out on the seashore. The blinded hero followed the sound of a Cyclops' hammer till he reached Lemnos, and came to the forge of Vulcan, who, taking pity on him, gave him Kedalion, one of his men, to be his guide to the abode of the sun. Placing Kedalion on his shoulders, Orion proceeded to the east, and there meeting the sun-god, was restored to sight by his beam.
After this he dwelt as a hunter with Diana, with whom he was a favourite, and it is even said she was about to marry him. Her brother [Apollo] was highly displeased and chid her [she was, after all, a virgin huntress], but to no purpose.
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One day, observing Orion wading through the ocean with his head just above the water, Apollo pointed it out to his sister and maintained that she could not hit that black thing on the sea. The archer-goddess discharged a shaft with fatal aim.
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The waves rolled the body of Orion to the land, and bewailing her fatal error with many tears, Diana placed him among the stars Bulfinch's Mythology , Orion The Hunter It is also stated in some versions that Apollo, worried for Diana's chastity, sent a scorpion to kill Orion. Orion is one of the most well-known constellations, visible in the southern sky during northern hemisphere winters. He is generally shown as a hunter attacking a bull with an upraised club, and is easily recognizable by his bright belt of three stars. According to the versions of the myth which have him killed by Scorpius, the two were placed on the opposite sides of the sky from each other so that they are never visible at the same time.
Draco The Dragon It is unclear precisely which mythological dragon Draco represents. There are, however, three main contenders.
One version--the least likely--of the Draco story is that the dragon fought Minerva during the wars between the giants and the gods. Minerva threw Draco's twisted body into the heavens before it had time to unwind itself. Another possibility is that Draco represents the dragon who guarded the golden apples in the garden of the Hesperides. One of the labors of Hercules was to steal these apples some sources state it was his eleventh labor, others it was his twelfth.
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This was, according to Bulfinch, the most difficult labor of all These were the apples which Juno had received at her wedding from the goddess of the Earth, and which she had entrusted to the keeping of the daughters of Hesperus, assisted by a watchful dragon. After various adventures, Hercules arrived at Mount Atlas in Africa. Atlas was one of the Titans who had warred against the gods, and after they were subdued, Atlas was condemned to bear on his shoulders the weight of the heavens.
He was the father of the Hesperides, and Hercules thought might, if any one could, find the apples and bring them to him Bulfinch's Mythology , Draco The Dragon Hercules suggested this plan to Atlas, who pointed out two problems: first, he could not simply drop his burden; second, there was the awful guardian dragon. Hercules responded by throwing his spear into the garden of the Hesperides and killing the hundred-headed beast, and then taking the burden on his own shoulders.
Atlas retrieved the apples and, reluctantly taking the burden onto his shoulders once again, gave them to Hercules. Juno placed the dragon in the heavens as a reward for his faithful service. By far the most commonly accepted version of Draco's arrival in the heavens, however, is that Draco was the dragon killed by Cadmus.
Cadmus was the brother of Europa, who was carried off to Crete by Jupiter in the form of a bull Taurus. Cadmus was ordered by his father to go in search of his sister, and told he could not return unless he brought Europa back with him. Cadmus followed Apollo's advice and found a suitable site for his new city. He sent his attendants to find fresh water to offer as a libation to Jupiter, and they wandered into a cave with springs.
Draco The Dragon After his companions did not return, Cadmus himself went into the cave and discovered the dragon. He killed it with his spear, and then upon the order of Minerva sowed the dragon's teeth in the ground. From the teeth sprung warriors, who battled each other until only five were left.
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These five, along with Cadmus himself, were the first people of the city of Thebes. Compare all 7 new copies. Book Description Orion Children's , Condition: New. Seller Inventory ZZN. More information about this seller Contact this seller. Book Description Orion Children's.
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Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. Seller Inventory n. Helping Hercules. Francesca Simon. Publisher: Orion Children's , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title Here are the Greek myths as you've never heard them before. From the Inside Flap : A magic coin whisks Susan back in time to Ancient Greece, where she encounters the gods, goddesses and heroes of Greek mythology.
About the Author : Francesca Simon Author Francesca Simon spent her childhood on the beach in California, and then went to Yale and Oxford Universities to study medieval history and literature.
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