Topical application of the aqueous extract on to the skin is effective as antibacterial and antifungal. Extract of this plant was also found to be effective in treatment of AD using hairless mice. Rosemary is a common household plant grown in many parts of the world. It is used for flavoring food, a beverage drink, as well as in cosmetics. The most important constituents of rosemary are caffeic acid and its derivatives such as rosmarinic acid. These compounds have antioxidant effect. Chronic UV exposure is responsible for long term clinical manifestations such as photo aging and photo-cancers.
Aqueous extract of R. In another study, the antibacterial activity of rosemary essential oil against P. Significant changes in morphology and size of P. Rosemary oil has also been seen to be effective against P. Paste of the roots is useful in freckles and external inflammations, ulcers and skin diseases. It is a favorite herb to relieve pruritis, scabies and tinea pedis. A study revealed that pretreatment with the flavanoid fraction of S. Furthermore, the latency period for the appearance of the first tumor was delayed by S. A significant reduction in the expression of ornithine decarboxylase, a key enzyme in the promotion stage of 2-stage skin cancer, in the plant-treated group was also observed suggesting the chemopreventive activity of flavonoids from S.
It may relieve the symptoms of cellulitis, an infection of the skin caused by bacteria which can lead to pain, tenderness, edema, fever, chills and reddening of the skin. It may also offer anti-fungal and antibacterial benefits. However, the University of Maryland Medical Center cautions that thyme has not been proven to specifically benefit cellulitis. In addition, this herb may raise the risk of bleeding. Herbals have great potential to cure different kinds of skin diseases.
Compared with the conventional allopathic drugs, they have relatively low cost and can be of great benefit to the population of India in general and poor people in particular. Herbals are a rich source of active ingredients and can be safer and cost effective treatment for skin diseases ranging from rashes to dreadful skin cancer. Conservation of these plants with the help of local participation and carrying out of extensive research in this respect to broaden the prospects of herbal drugs in skin disease treatment is the need of the hour.
Source of Support: Nil. Conflict of Interest: None declared. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Pharmacogn Rev v. Pharmacogn Rev.
The 9 Best Cold Sore Medicines of
Nahida Tabassum and Mariya Hamdani. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Prof. E-mail: moc. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Skin diseases are numerous and a frequently occurring health problem affecting all ages from the neonates to the elderly and cause harm in number of ways.
Keywords: Ethnomedicine, herbs, medicinal plants, skin diseases. Viral infections These occur when a virus penetrates the stratum corneum and infects the inner layers of the skin. Bacterial infections Such infections are caused by a variety of bacteria, the most common types being staphylococci and streptococci. Fungal infections Harmless fungi are always present on surface of the skin. Parasitic infections These infections occur after exposure to parasites such as lice and scabies.
Pigmentation disorders The amount of pigment in the skin is determined by the amount of melanin being produced by the body. Tumors and cancers These growths arise when skin cells begin to multiply faster than normal. Trauma Trauma describes an injury to the skin caused by a blow, a cut, or a burn. Other conditions Wrinkles, rosacea, spider veins and varicose veins are among those conditions that cannot be neatly categorized.
Currently, coal tar is seldom used because it can be slow acting and can cause severe staining of personal clothing and bedding Corticosteroids: These are used to treat skin conditions including eczema and come in many forms including foams, lotions, ointments and creams Retinoids: These medications such as retin-A and tazorac are gels or creams derived from vitamin A and are used to treat conditions including acne Salicylic acid: This medication is available in the form of lotions, gels, soaps, shampoos and patches. Oral treatments for skin conditions include: Antibiotics: Oral antibiotics like erythromycin, tetracycline and dicloxacillin are used to treat many skin conditions Antifungal agents: Common oral antifungal drugs such as ketoconaole and diflucan can be used to treat more severe fungal infections Antiviral agents: Common antiviral agents include valtrex, acyclovir and famavir.
Antiviral treatments are used for skin conditions including those related to herpes Corticosteroids: These medications, including prednisone can be helpful in treating skin conditions linked to autoimmune diseases including vasculitis and inflammatory diseases such as eczema and psoriasis. Dermatologists prefer topical steroids to avoid side-effects; however, short-term use of prednisone is sometimes necessary Immunosuppressants: Immunosuppressants, such as azathioprine and methotrexate, can be used to treat conditions including severe cases of psoriasis and eczema Biologics: These new therapies are the latest methods being utilized to treat psoriasis and other conditions.
Achyranthes aspera Common name: Prickly chaff flower, Devil's horsewhip; Family: Amaranthaceae Traditionally, the plant is used in boils, scabies and eruptions of skin and other skin diseases. Allium cepa Common name: Onion; Family: Liliacea A study undertaken in patients with seborrheic keratoses to evaluate the ability of onion extract gel to improve the appearance of scars following excision, has shown that this extract gel improved scar softness, redness, texture and global appearance at the excision site at study weeks 4, 6 and 10 as assessed by the blinded investigator.
Aloe vera Common name: Barbados aloe; Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe vera has shown very good results in skin diseases and it is often taken as health drink. Azadirachta indica Common name: Neem; Family: Meliaceae Leaf extract is applied externally on boils and blisters. Bauhinia variegata Common name: Kachanar, Orchid tree, Camel's Foot Tree, Mountain Ebony; Family: Fabaceae The bark is internally administered for treating skin diseases, asthma, sore throat, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort and also applied externally for skin ulcers.
Beta vulgaris Common name: Beetroot; Family: Brassicaceae The in vitro inhibitory effect of beet root extract on EBV-EA induction using Raji cells revealed a high order of activity compared to capsanthin, cranberry, red onion skin and short and long red bell peppers. Brassica oleraceae Common name: Red Cabbage; Family: Brassicaceae Significant reduction of tumors was observed in mice in whom skin cancer was induced by a single topical application of nmol of the initiator DMBA to their backs, followed 1 week later by promotion with 10 nmol of TPA twice weekly for 30 weeks followed by 0.
Calendula officinalis Common name: Marigold; Family: Asteraceae The flowers of marigold have long been employed in folk therapy and more than 35 properties have been attributed to decoctions and tinctures from the flowers. Cannabis sativus Common name: Charas, Ganja; Family: Cannabinaceae The powder of the leaves serves as a dressing for wounds and sores.
Crocus sativus Common name: Saffron; Family: Iridaceae Saffron is a naturally derived plant product that acts as an antispasmodic, diaphoretic, carminative, emmenagogic and sedative. Daucus carota Common name: Carrot; Family: Apiaceae A study, conducted to investigate the chemopreventive effects of oil extract of D. Echinacea angustifolia, Echinacea purpurea Common name: Purple cone flower; Family: Asteraceae Echinacea has been applied to and used to treat skin problems such as skin boils, wounds, ulcers, burns, herpes, hemorrhoids and psoriasis.
Euphorbiaceae Juice of E. Ficus carica, Ficus racemosa, Ficus bengaalensis Common name: Fig; Family: Moraceae In some rural areas of Iran, a traditional method for the treatment of warts comprises the use of fig tree F. Lavendula officinalis Common name: Lavender; Family: Labiatae The effects of lavender oil , , , , on mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions in mice and rats have been studied. Lawsonia inermis Common name: Henna; Family: Lythraceae Henna is a traditionally used plant of Middle-East that is applied on hands and feet.
Mangifera indica Common name: Mango; Family: Anacardiaceae The gum is used in dressings for cracked feet and for scabies. Matricaria chamomile , Matricaria recutita or Chamomilla recutita Common name: Chamomile; Family: Asteraceae It aids in skin cell regeneration and acts as an antioxidant, fighting free radical damage on the skin. Plumbago zeylanica Common name: Doctor Bush; Family: Plumbaginaceae Whole plant is crushed with a pinch of salt and the paste is applied externally in case of ringworm.
Portulaca oleraceae Common name: Purslane, Pigweed, Little Hogweed; Family: Portulacaceae The herb possesses natural cooling properties that soothe the skin, relieving it of skin inflammations and rashes during scorching heat. Rosmarinus officinalis Common name: Rosemary; Family: Labiatae Rosemary is a common household plant grown in many parts of the world. Sarco asoca Common name: Ashoka; Family: Caesalpinaceae Paste of the roots is useful in freckles and external inflammations, ulcers and skin diseases. Thyme vulgaris Common name: Thyme; Family: Lamiaceae It may relieve the symptoms of cellulitis, an infection of the skin caused by bacteria which can lead to pain, tenderness, edema, fever, chills and reddening of the skin.
Marks JG, Miller J. Elsevier Inc; ISBN no. The skin: An indispensable barrier. Exp Dermatol. Madison KC. J Invest Dermatol. Topographical and temporal diversity of the human skin microbiome. Pappas S. American Association for the Advancement of Science; Your Body Is a Wonderland of Bacteria. Science NOW. Cancer chemopreventive activity of Achyranthes aspera leaves on Epstein-Barr virus activation and two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis.
Cancer Lett. Draelos ZD. The ability of onion extract gel to improve the cosmetic appearance of postsurgical scars. J Cosmet Dermatol. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes. Das I, Saha T.
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Effect of garlic on lipid peroxidation and antioxidation enzymes in DMBA-induced skin carcinoma. J Ethnopharmacol. Management of psoriasis with Aloe vera extract in a hydrophilic cream: A placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Trop Med Int Health. Aloe vera gel hindered wound healing of experimental second-degree burns: A quantitative controlled study.
J Burn Care Rehabil. Treatment of experimental frostbite with pentoxifylline and aloe vera cream. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Oncol Nurs Forum.
Best essential oils for treating cold sores
Joshi AR, Joshi K. Ethnomedicinal plants used against skin diseases in some villages of kali Gandaki Bagmati and Tadi Likhu watersheds of Nepal. Ethnobotanical Lealf. Oncol Res. Cell Biochem Funct. Formulation and evaluation of herbal anti-acne moisturizer. Pak J Pharm Sci. Agrawal RC, Pandey S. Evaluation of anticarcinogenic and antimutagenic potential of Bauhinia variegata extract in Swiss albino mice.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. Chemoprevention of lung and skin cancer by Beta vulgaris beet root extract. Anticancer Res. Protective effect of Calendula officinalis extract against UVB-induced oxidative stress in skin: Evaluation of reduced glutathione levels and matrix metalloproteinase secretion. Results of the clinical examination of an ointment with marigold Calendula officinalis extract in the treatment of venous leg ulcers.
Int J Tissue React. Protective effects of different marigold Calendula officinalis L.
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- Natural Cold Sore Remedies that Really Work!!
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There are many causes of snoring, and if yours is a constricted nasal passage, these will help. I use the snore lab app and it records your snoring throughout the night. Now all I hear when I play it back is breathing. I definitely feel more refreshed in the mornings now. Very great information! This article undoubtedly helped me to comprehend the difference between the two and I can now distinguish an canker sore and cold sore apart.
Thank you! Great read! Love that you mention treating cold sores with licorice root extract.
The 7 Best Cold Sore Remedies
Changed my life. Your email address will not be published. Do you experience canker sores or cold sores? Your mouth may be telling you something. What Are Canker Sores? Symptoms Canker sores are shaped like a circle or oval, are yellow or white in color, and have a red border. Canker sores most often show up: Under your tongue Inside your cheek or lip At the base of your gum line Anywhere on your soft tissue palate Having an irritated sore on sensitive parts of your mouth often causes pain while eating, drinking, and talking.
Both major and herpetiform canker sores are rare while minor canker sores occur quite often. Causes Determining the cause of a canker sore is a frustrating guessing game. These include: A minor injury in your mouth aggressive brushing, cheek bite, sports accident, etc.
How to cure and prevent canker sores Canker sores have no defined root cause, making it discouragingly difficult to anticipate their arrival. Take these steps to possibly prevent canker sores from occurring: Avoid triggering food : Avoid foods that irritate your mouth such as, certain spices, acidic fruits, spicy food, and salty food.
Eat healthily : Choose to eat a diet that contains all your necessary nutrients. Fill your plate with plenty veggies, which are fiber and phytonutrient rich. Add fat-soluble vitamins : Vitamins A, D, E, and K2 are great for boosting your immune system and helping your body naturally rid itself of both canker and cold sores. Practice excellent oral hygiene : Brush twice a day and floss at least once a day. Maintain regular visits to the dentist. Manage your stress : Learn how to cope in high-stress situations by practicing meditation or listening to relaxing music.
If you suffering from day-time tiredness or poor sleep you might need some tips to improve your sleep. Home Remedies for Canker Sores There are simple home remedies for canker sores that help with pain, speed up healing time, and prevention. Apply honey to your canker sore. Apply ice or something cold to your canker sore. Dab milk of magnesia on your canker sore. Rinse your mouth with warm salt water.
Rinse your mouth with a mixture of baking soda and warm water. Brush your teeth with caution and care. Your doctor or dentist may prescribe : A mouth rinse, usually one containing dexamethasone A topical product, with active numbing ingredients like benzocaine or hydrogen peroxide A medication, such as an oral steroid medication These medications only deal with the symptoms of canker sores. What Are Cold Sores? Symptoms A cold sore passes through three stages of development: Tingling, itching, burning- Often, people will feel a cold sore coming on one or two days before it actually appears.
Blisters- A breakout occurs and small clusters of blisters form on various areas of the face. Crusting, scabbing, oozing- Cold sores may merge and burst, which leaves shallow open sores that crust over. Causes of cold sores A cold sore is a common viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus HSV. There are certain triggers that can provoke cold sores to recur , such as: Stress Fatigue Harsh wind or sunlight Hormonal changes Cold sores are the product of a common viral infection, not related to the common cold as the name suggests.
How to prevent or cure cold sores Cold sores are extremely contagious but there are ways to protect and prevent picking up this virus. Avoid triggering a cold sore by: Practicing stress reduction coping skills Staying out of excessive sunlight exposure Limiting your cosmetic dermatologic procedures lasers, peels, etc. Home Treatments Most cold sores are painful and the healing process lingers. If you already have a cold sore, prevent the spread of infection by keeping the area clean and leaving it alone. Try not to touch the sore or pick at the crust.
The most commonly prescribed medications for relieving pain and discomfort from a cold sore are acyclovir Zovirax , famciclovir Famvir and valacyclovir Valtrex. They have to be applied when you can feel a cold sore coming on in order to be effective. Several studies have investigated the efficacy of oral antiviral medication in the treatment of cold sores. The medication must be taken when symptoms first appear in order to be effective.
Study results vary, but most suggest that antiviral medications reduce the duration of symptoms by one or two days, especially when taken at higher doses. When acyclovir was tested on patients who took milligrams five times daily for five days, it had no effect on the duration of pain or the time to recovery.
However, in another study, patients reported a reduction in the duration of the symptoms after taking milligrams five times daily for five days. The most frequent reported side effects of oral antiviral medications are headache and nausea, which depend on the dose and duration of treatment.
Anesthetic and antiviral creams are also used to treat cold sores, such as Abreva. In a small, randomized and controlled study, seven patients tested lidocaine and prilocaine cream, and this treatment reduced the mean duration of cold sore symptoms. The efficacy of antiviral creams, such as acyclovir and penciclovir, has also been evaluated. Both creams reduced the duration of cold sore pain and time to recovery, but they must be applied several times throughout the day, especially penciclovir. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world More Health Dr.
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