Support YAIY! Especially, as a couple of shady characters stand nearby in the night, seemingly to wait for the same bus as you. Your mind starts to wonder if they are actually waiting for the bus or are they out to cause some trouble. Your concern starts to turn into fear as the men look at you and then whisper something to one another. You try not to make eye contact, as you tend to freeze up a bit while your heart slowly begins to sink. But just then, along comes a tall and strong looking individual who is dressed in a nicely pressed military uniform.
He is obviously en route to or from duty as he carries a rather large duffle bag matching his sizable build. You now know someone is near that can certainly help, if there is a need. This happened several times. The king of Aram became very upset over this. He called in his officers and demanded, "Which of you is the traitor? Who has been informing the king of Israel of my plans? Once Elisha was told of the presence of the Aramean army, and then saw them, he asked Yahweh to open the eyes of his servant to see what the prophet could also see.
What a sight that would be! What fear would there have been left? It can be surmised that the fear would have left the servant at that moment, and a feeling of awe and relief would have then entered. The descendants of the twelve sons of Jacob became the tribes that made up the small group of Israelites who grew up in the land of Goshen in Egyptian territory. They grew in the land of Egypt under the protection of Yahweh through miraculous providential workings made by the Almighty through Joseph, whom his own brothers had betrayed into slavery.
Interestingly enough, their descendants became slaves for a time under the new Pharaoh who had not known Joseph, Ex Take time to read of the accounts above in chapters 37 through 47 of the book of Genesis in your own Bible. It is well worth the time to review how Yahweh turned even an extremely troublesome situation into something remarkably good. The road was not as easy as everyone would have liked, and it was evident by the complaining the Israelites did, which had woefully provoked Yahweh to wrath.
Yahweh declared, Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it, Num KJV. In reading through the recorded history, Yahweh was extremely patient and merciful with the people, but they continued to push the envelope, so to speak, causing their ultimate death.
There is certainly the danger that those who complain today will, in effect, turn back to the figurative Egypt that we know of as the world and its way of doing things. However, there are people today who are trying to live correctly as they understand Scripture to teach. Regrettably, though, many of these people are taught incorrect things and are led astray. At least, for the time being, they are in a semidarkness having some truth along with good intentions. Some of that may be being fulfilled in part with some of the Jews entering the land of the newly formed State of Israel from the year on to our time.
The 12 tribes of Israel, because of their continued disobedience, were conquered some years after having had many kings some good, some bad , all after they settled into the Promised Land. Part of the problem, from the start, was that they allowed some of the other nations to dwell among them which they were warned against doing, Deut Their pagan influence and the basic human nature of the Israelites Ex succumbed to the wicked ways and practices that had already been there in the land previously.
As already mentioned, the Israelites were taken captive, not as a whole, but rather as two divided groups. Secondly, there is the group of the Southern tribes, which are Benjamin, Levi, and Judah. Jews, for their false worship and unfaithful dealings with Yahweh, were taken captive to Babylon, about BCE, 2 Kings , 9, At times Ephraim is called Israel.
Judah is referred to also as Israel, at times. Both make up Israel, as a whole nation of people. The point is: Jews, though being part of Israel, does not make them Israel. Confusion comes from those who teach that the Jews are all of Israel. Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of Elohim, because we have sinned against him, Dan ,11 KJV.
The Israelites the northern 10 tribes , separate from Judah, were dispersed among the nations from the Assyrian captivity. And I scatter them among nations, And they are spread through lands, According to their way, and according to their doings, I have judged them, Ezek YLT. Lost, meaning they are not readily identified, since they had been assimilated or merged married into the other peoples and cultures around them. His ideas included the possibility of human evolution from apes and the denial of an immortal soul.
Vanini rejected Christianity as a fiction invented by priests and argued for natural explanations for miracles. As a result he had to flee from place to place to avoid Catholic persecution. But he was taken at Toulouse, condemned, his tongue cut out, strangled and burnt. Thomas Paine — revolutionary champion of liberty. Bruno Bauer — the original iconoclast. Kersey Graves — Quaker who saw through the Jesus fraud.
Arthur Drews — one of the great German pioneers in the denial of the historical existence of Jesus. Some of the ablest scholars of the world deny that he ever lived at all. A commanding literature dealing with the inquiry, intense in its seriousness and profound and thorough in its research, is growing up in all countries, and spreading the conviction that Christ is a myth. Dead Sea Scroll Scholar. Allegro's thesis associated notions of the godman with narcotic-induced visions. The hallucinatory plant in question was Amanita Muscaria Fly-Agaric , the phallic mushroom, arguably used by early Christians and interpreted as a virgin i.
Allegro was subjected to acrimonious fury and ostracised. He died in Evangelist who "threw out the bath water and discovered there was no baby there. This does not disprove his existence, but it certainly casts great doubt on the historicity of a man who was supposedly widely known to have made a great impact on the world. Someone should have noticed. This I consider as radical a departure from my previous agnosticism as my agnosticism was from my previous historicism.
In the time since Carrier has become one of the leading advocates for a mythical Jesus. In a culture based upon Christianity the denial of Jesus' existence may appear at first glance absurd or even stupid.
After all, goes the argument, "mainstream scholarship" accepts that there was a historical Jesus, even if there is no agreement as to actually who he was, precisely when he was , what he did or what he said. Today, New Testament scholars steer a course between two worlds, one in which a theological Jesus "divine son of God" holds centre stage — but this Jesus, of course, is acknowledged to be a matter of faith ; and the other, "the world of a historical Jesus". Detailed, often meticulous, investigation of the history, culture and politics of Palestine in the second temple period creates a historically authoritative background.
Against this background, a wafer thin construct of "Jesus" makes his spectral appearance. But it is the historical context itself which allows this phantom saviour to "live", "die" and "resurrect" and thereby cast its false shadow back upon history. This is the type of tree he would have rested under. Professional historians are not necessarily engaged by any particular interest in the issue of Jesus — and are all too aware of its controversial nature. A scholar who announces that he thinks there was no historical Jesus is likely to face scorn, even ridicule, and will gain little for his candour.
Thus most scholars, raised and educated in a Christian culture are content either to assume Jesus lived and defer to the opinions of biblical specialists who are often men of faith or, given the paucity of evidence for a great many historical personages, preface their uncertainty with a " probably ". It is much safer for them to aver the "probability of a man behind the legend" even while arguing that layers of encrusted myth obscure knowing anything about him. This "safe" and gutless option maintains simultaneously the "obscurity" of a carpenter in an ancient provincial backwater "absence of evidence is not evidence of absence" and an academic detachment from "faith issues" which raised that supposed obscure guru to an iconic status.
Yet would, could a world-faith have arisen from a nonentity who failed in his own lifetime to have been noticed by anyone? How creditable is it that a wandering rabbi, who wrote nothing himself, an also-ran in a world full of fakirs, soothsayers and exorcists, could have cast such a spell as to have reverberated through the ages? A "minimalist" Jesus is actually less satisfactory than no Jesus at all because it still requires a search elsewhere for the roots of the new religion.
And if the roots are to be found elsewhere what need is there for the obscure personage anyway? Macquarrie An Existential Theology, p If we agree that a peripatetic, rabbinic radical called Jesus, unnoticed in the historical record, is not implausible then by the same token, nor would several such Jesuses be implausible. Which of them would we elect to be the basis for the Christian faith as God's "only begotten son"? If it could have been any of them then it was none of them.
Either JC was a divinity who chose to dazzle multitudes but leave no trace, who contrived to influence — not the Jewish people — but a mere handful of shadowy devotees whose successors rapidly split into numerous warring factions; or JC is the fabrication of human minds, a construct betrayed at every turn by contradiction and omission. Ironically, it was the work of a number of liberal theologians , rather than freethinkers, who first fractured that glorious fabrication Jesus, Son of God, Saviour of the World.
The "received wisdom" of the Church was first challenged during the European Reformation , which gave legitimacy to criticism of the papal system. Having opened the flood gates, all religious authorities and scripture itself were called into question and Protestantism emerged in myriad disparate sects. But after a thousand years of Church-enforced ignorance "school men" had but a small stock of real knowledge.
As sinecured churchmen, these scholars struggled to use the rediscovered tools of logic to defend the dogmas of Christianity, whether of the Roman Catholic or new "pure" reformed variety. But after two centuries, as the Enlightenment unfolded, brave theologians began to draw attention to the obvious errors and incongruities in accepted scripture. Why did Paul say almost nothing about the life of Jesus?
During the American and French Revolutions freethinkers went much further, questioning the veracity of the entire Bible and denouncing Christianity as a bogus superstition and an instrument of oppression. A new minimalist faith was born, "deism", in which a creator god played no direct role in human affairs.
To those who looked beyond the blinkered vision of Christianity it was very apparent that much of the Jesus tale had parallels in much older fables , which had identical principal and supporting characters, identical story lines, and identical moral purpose. Christianity, it was clear, had not fallen from heaven but was a man-made production. During the 20th century, rationalism, archaeology, and new techniques of scientific investigation forced a retrenchment upon defenders of the faith, despite the periodic upsurges in religious fervour.
To accommodate the accumulating and undeniable evidence of biblical error, variegated "lives" of Jesus proliferated like algae on a sun-soaked pond. Fearful to acknowledge that both their faith and careers were built on a monumental misconception they speculated on any number of fanciful ideas — a radical rabbi Jesus, a Mediterranean peasant Jesus, a Jesus with wife and family, a Jesus who travelled to England, India or Japan, a Stoic or Cynic philosopher Jesus — a Jesus for all seasons and all tastes.
A hundred or more possible "biographies" for the godman contended, each contriving to avoid the obvious truth that no genuine reality underpinned the sacred fable. In the 21st century we face the paradox that though the unmasking of biblical fraud has gone further than ever before, global geopolitics finances and encourages a vociferous restatement of biblical fundamentalism and inerrancy, a torrent of misinformation, the sheer quantity of which can be overwhelming.
Most people have neither time nor inclination to delve deeply into the mass of evidence and argument. Christian apologists are ever-ready to denounce a "Christ-myther" as an isolated crank on the fringes of sanity, unworthy of serious consideration. But their strident hostility hides the fear that the downfall of their superhero may not be far off. And what they can no longer deny or suppress is the fact that the exposure of "Jesus Christ" for the fabrication that it is, far from being the manic pursuit of odd-balls, has been embraced and endorsed by a continuous stream of talented scholars in all countries.
Demolishing the historicity of Jesus — A History.
The Shemitah Effect
Hermann Samuel Reimarus Reimarus charged the gospel writers with conscious fraud and innumerable contradictions. Francois Marie Arouet Voltaire The true God cannot have been born of a girl, nor died on a gibbet, nor be eaten in a piece of dough. One story is that religious extremists stole his remains and dumped them in a garbage heap. Baron d'Holbach 'Boulanger' Philosopher of the Enlightenment. Classics from the Age of Reason.
Holbach concluded that:. Napoleonic investigator saw for himself evidence of Egyptian precursors of Christianity. English rationalist challenged apostolic authorship of the 4th Gospel and denounced several Pauline epistles as spurious. Thomas Paine , , The Age of Reason. Like many American revolutionaries Paine was a deist:. Each of those churches accuse the other of unbelief; and for my own part, I disbelieve them all. Taylor was imprisoned for declaring mythical origins for Christianity. English pioneer of archaeology and freemason.
Yahweh's Assembly in Yahshua - The Hope of Israel
Lutheran vicar-turned-scholar skilfully exposed gospel miracles as myth and in the process reduced Jesus to a man. It cost him his career. Der Hervorgang des Christentums aus dem romischen Griechentum. The original iconoclast. Bauer contested the authenticity of all the Pauline epistles in which he saw the influence of Stoic thinkers like Seneca and identified Philo's role in emergent Christianity.
Bauer rejected the historicity of Jesus himself. Ralph Waldo Emerson , , Essays. One time Trinitarian Christian and former Unitarian minister held Jesus to be a "true prophet" but that organised Christianity was an "eastern monarchy". German scholar who identified as "inauthentic" not only the pastoral epistles, but also Colossians, Ephesians, Philemon and Philippians leaving only the four main Pauline epistles regarded as genuine. What Did Jesus Teach? Most famous English atheist of the 19th century, founded the National Secular Society and became an MP, winning the right to affirm.
Condemned the teachings of Jesus as dehumanizing passivity and disastrous as practical advice. Bradlaugh denounced the gospel Jesus as a myth. Although t rained as a Catholic priest Renan was inspired by German biblical criticism and wrote a popular biography of Jesus which cost him his jo b which he later regained. Renan concluded that the hero of the Christians was a gifted but merely human preacher, persuaded by his followers into thinking he was the messiah.
Renan subsequently wrote a History of the Origins of Christianity in seven volumes. Scholar of the Radical Dutch school, Hoekstra concluded Mark's gospel had no value as a biography of Jesus.
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Robert Ingersoll , , The Gods. Illinois orator extraordinaire , his speeches savaged the Christian religion. Is it not wonderful that not one word was written by Christ?
Pennsylvanian Quaker who saw through to the pagan heart of Christian fabrications, though rarely cited sources for his far-reaching conclusions. Allard Pierson , , De Bergrede en andere synoptische Fragmenten. Not just the authenticity of all the Pauline epistles but the historical existence of Jesus himself was called into question. Bronson C. Keeler , , A Short History of the Bible. Professor of theology at Amsterdam who said all the epistles date from the 2nd century.
Loman explained Christianity as a fusion of Jewish and Roman-Hellenic thinking. When he went blind Loman said his blindness gave him insight into the dark history of the church! Outdated but a classic revelation of pagan antecedents of biblical myths and miracles. Samuel Adrianus Naber , , Verisimilia. Laceram conditionem Novi Testamenti exemplis illustrarunt et ab origine repetierunt.
Classicist who saw Greek myths hidden within Christian scripture. Another classic from an early nemesis of the priesthood. British Egyptologist wrote six volumes on the religion of ancient Egypt. Edwin Johnson , , Antiqua M ater. A Study of Christian Origins. Denounced the twelve apostles as complete fabrication. Radical Swiss scholar branded all the Pauline epistles as fakes. Willem Christiaan van Manen , , Paulus. Professor at Leiden and most famous of the Dutch Radicals, a churchman who did not believe in the bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ.
After resisting the argument for many years van Manen concluded none of the Pauline epistles were genuine and that Acts was dependent on the works of Josephus. Franciscan monk-turned-evangelical atheist.
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McCabe, a prolific writer, shredded many parts of the Christ legend — "There is no 'figure of Jesus' in the Gospels. There are a dozen figures" — but he continued to allow the possibility for an historical founder.. The famous German theologian and missionary 35 years in the Cameroons ridiculed the humanitarian Jesus of the liberals and at the same time had the courage to recognize the work of the Dutch Radicals. His own pessimistic conclusion was that the superhero had been an apocalyptic fanatic and that Jesus died a disappointed man.
Famously said those looking for an historical Jesus merely " found a reflection of themselves. Albert Kalthoff , , Das Christus-Problem. Another radical German scholar who identified Christianity as a psychosis. Christ was essentially the transcendental principle of the Christian community which aimed at apocalyptic social reform.
A discussion of the Jewish Jeschu stories which moves Jesus back to an earlier time. Thomas Whittaker , , The Origins of Christian ity. Declared that Jesus was a myth , that the Christian movement began only after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 and that the whole body of New Testament writings date to the second century. How right he was! Jesus is a concoction from Tanakh and the mystery cults, and Jesus's ethics are a patchwork from Philo and Seneca. William Benjamin Smith , , Der vorchristliche Jesus. Argues for origins in a pre-Christian Jesus cult on the island of Cyprus.
Philosopher at Leiden identified the origin of Christianity in an earlier Jewish Gnosticism. The virgin is nothing but a symbol for the people of Israel. From Alexandria the "Netzerim" took their gospel to Palestine. Among those denounced and excommunicated was Alfred Loisy The Gospel and the Church , , Catholic priest and theologian who made the pithy observation "Jesus announced the Kingdom, and it's the Church that came. Orientalist argued that Jesus was reworked Babylonian mythology.
Is He a Myth? Erstwhile Presbyterian Minister who saw through the fabrication. Karl Kautsky , , The Foundations of Christianity. Early socialist interpreted Christianity in terms of class struggle. John E. Remsburg , , The Christ : A critical review and analysis of the evidences of His existence. Gospels rife with contradictions. Doubtful that Jesus existed and a supernatural Christ is certainly Christian dogma. Eminent philosopher was Germany's greatest exponent of the contention that Christ is a myth. The gospels historized a pre-existing mystical Jesus whose character was drawn from the prophets and Jewish wisdom literature.
The Passion was to be found in the speculations of Plato. John Robertson , , Christianity and Mythology. Studies in Comparative Hierology. Robertson drew attention to the universality of many elements of the Jesus storyline and to pre-Christian crucifixion rituals in the ancient world.
Edouard Dujardin , , The S ource of the Christian tradition : a critical history of ancient Judaism. De vorbereiding van het Evangelie in de Hellenistische wereld. Theologian and last of the Dutch radicals to hold a university professorship. Alexander Hislop , , The Two Babylons. Exhaustive exposure of the pagan rituals and paraphernalia of Roman Catholicism.
Deconstructing Contemporary Chinese Art
Edward Carpenter , , Pagan and Christian Creeds. Elaborated the pagan origins of Christianity. Lutheran theologian and professor at Marburg University Bultman was the exponent of 'form criticism' and did much to demythologise the gospels. He identified the narratives of Jesus as theology served up in the language of myth. Bultmann observed that the New Testament was not the story of Jesus but a record of early Christian belief.
He argued that the search for an historical Jesus was fruitless: "We can know almost nothing concerning the life and personality of Jesus. James Frazer , , The Golden Bough.