Within this view multi dimensional cubes can be created using existing data sets. Cubes are currently used when building dynamic cross tables. This view also is used to design report parameters. Navigator - Shows the projects and files that are in your workspace. You can also create projects, designs, and other BIRT files here.
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Palette - Contains the standard BIRT report elements such as labels, tables, and charts and is used in conjunction with the Layout View to design reports. Property Editor - Presents the most commonly used properties in a convenient format that makes editing quick and easy. BIRT also integrates with the standard Eclipse property view to provide a detailed listing of all properties for an item. Script Editor - Scripting adds business logic to reports during data access, during report generation, or during viewing. The code editor provides standard Eclipse features for editing your scripts: syntax coloring, auto-complete and more.
An interesting new feature, for BIRT 2. Outline - BIRT reports are organized as a tree structure with the overall report as the root, and separate categories for styles, report content, data sources, data sets, report parameters and more. Sagan was married three times. In , he married biologist Lynn Margulis. The couple had two children, Jeremy and Dorion Sagan.
During these marriages, Carl Sagan focused heavily on his career, a factor which may have contributed to Sagan's first divorce. Carl Sagan and Druyan remained married until his death in He lived in an Egyptian revival house in Ithaca perched on the edge of a cliff that had formerly been the headquarters of a Cornell secret society. Isaac Asimov described Sagan as one of only two people he ever met whose intellect surpassed his own. The other, he claimed, was the computer scientist and artificial intelligence expert Marvin Minsky.
Sagan wrote frequently about religion and the relationship between religion and science, expressing his skepticism about the conventional conceptualization of God as a sapient being. For example:. Some people think God is an outsized, light-skinned male with a long white beard, sitting on a throne somewhere up there in the sky, busily tallying the fall of every sparrow. Others—for example Baruch Spinoza and Albert Einstein —considered God to be essentially the sum total of the physical laws which describe the universe.
I do not know of any compelling evidence for anthropomorphic patriarchs controlling human destiny from some hidden celestial vantage point, but it would be madness to deny the existence of physical laws. The idea that God is an oversized white male with a flowing beard who sits in the sky and tallies the fall of every sparrow is ludicrous.
But if by God one means the set of physical laws that govern the universe, then clearly there is such a God. This God is emotionally unsatisfying An atheist is someone who is certain that God does not exist, someone who has compelling evidence against the existence of God. I know of no such compelling evidence. Because God can be relegated to remote times and places and to ultimate causes, we would have to know a great deal more about the universe than we do now to be sure that no such God exists.
To be certain of the existence of God and to be certain of the nonexistence of God seem to me to be the confident extremes in a subject so riddled with doubt and uncertainty as to inspire very little confidence indeed. Sagan also commented on Christianity and the Jefferson Bible , stating "My long-time view about Christianity is that it represents an amalgam of two seemingly immiscible parts, the religion of Jesus and the religion of Paul. Thomas Jefferson attempted to excise the Pauline parts of the New Testament.
There wasn't much left when he was done, but it was an inspiring document. What we breathe is air, which is certainly matter, however thin. Despite usage to the contrary, there is no necessary implication in the word 'spiritual' that we are talking of anything other than matter including the matter of which the brain is made , or anything outside the realm of science. On occasion, I will feel free to use the word. Science is not only compatible with spirituality; it is a profound source of spirituality. When we recognize our place in an immensity of light-years and in the passage of ages, when we grasp the intricacy, beauty, and subtlety of life, then that soaring feeling, that sense of elation and humility combined, is surely spiritual.
An environmental appeal, "Preserving and Cherishing the Earth", signed by Sagan with other noted scientists in January , stated that "The historical record makes clear that religious teaching, example, and leadership are powerfully able to influence personal conduct and commitment Thus, there is a vital role for religion and science.
In reply to a question in about his religious beliefs, Sagan answered, "I'm agnostic. When my husband died, because he was so famous and known for not being a believer, many people would come up to me—it still sometimes happens—and ask me if Carl changed at the end and converted to a belief in an afterlife. They also frequently ask me if I think I will see him again. Carl faced his death with unflagging courage and never sought refuge in illusions.
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The tragedy was that we knew we would never see each other again. I don't ever expect to be reunited with Carl. Sagan is also widely regarded as a freethinker or skeptic ; one of his most famous quotations, in Cosmos , was, "Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence"  called the " Sagan standard " by some . This was based on a nearly identical statement by fellow founder of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal , Marcello Truzzi , "An extraordinary claim requires extraordinary proof.
Late in his life, Sagan's books elaborated on his skeptical, naturalistic view of the world. In The Demon-Haunted World , he presented tools for testing arguments and detecting fallacious or fraudulent ones, essentially advocating wide use of critical thinking and the scientific method. The compilation Billions and Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium , published in after Sagan's death, contains essays written by Sagan, such as his views on abortion, as well as an account by his widow, Ann Druyan, of his death in relation to his having been a skeptic, agnostic , and freethinker.
Sagan warned against humans' tendency towards anthropocentrism.
Mars then belongs to the Martians, even if the Martians are only microbes. Sagan was a user and advocate of marijuana. Under the pseudonym "Mr. X", he contributed an essay about smoking cannabis to the book Marihuana Reconsidered. The publishing of the biography, Carl Sagan: A Life , in brought media attention to this aspect of Sagan's life. The court granted Apple's motion to dismiss Sagan's claims and opined in dicta that a reader aware of the context would understand Apple was "clearly attempting to retaliate in a humorous and satirical way", and that "It strains reason to conclude that Defendant was attempting to criticize Plaintiff's reputation or competency as an astronomer.
One does not seriously attack the expertise of a scientist using the undefined phrase 'butt-head'. It was never Apple's intention to cause Dr. Sagan or his family any embarrassment or concern. In , the year that inaugurated the " flying saucer " craze , the young Sagan suspected the "discs" might be alien spaceships. Secretary of State Dean Acheson to ask how the United States would respond if flying saucers turned out to be extraterrestrial.
Stuart Appelle notes that Sagan "wrote frequently on what he perceived as the logical and empirical fallacies regarding UFOs and the abduction experience. Sagan rejected an extraterrestrial explanation for the phenomenon but felt there were both empirical and pedagogical benefits for examining UFO reports and that the subject was, therefore, a legitimate topic of study. Air Force 's UFO investigation project. The committee concluded Blue Book had been lacking as a scientific study, and recommended a university-based project to give the UFO phenomenon closer scientific scrutiny.
The result was the Condon Committee —68 , led by physicist Edward Condon , and in their final report they formally concluded that UFOs, regardless of what any of them actually were, did not behave in a manner consistent with a threat to national security. A wide range of educated opinions on the subject were offered by participants, including not only proponents such as James McDonald and J. The roster of speakers was balanced, and it is to Sagan's credit that this event was presented in spite of pressure from Edward Condon. Some of Sagan's many books examine UFOs as did one episode of Cosmos and he claimed a religious undercurrent to the phenomenon.
Sagan again revealed his views on interstellar travel in his Cosmos series. In one of his last written works, Sagan argued that the chances of extraterrestrial spacecraft visiting Earth are vanishingly small. However, Sagan did think it plausible that Cold War concerns contributed to governments misleading their citizens about UFOs, and wrote that "some UFO reports and analyses, and perhaps voluminous files, have been made inaccessible to the public which pays the bills It's time for the files to be declassified and made generally available.
Sagan's contribution to the symposium was an attack on the belief that UFOs are piloted by extraterrestrial beings. Applying several logical assumptions see Drake equation , Sagan calculated the possible number of advanced civilizations capable of interstellar travel to be about one million. He projected that any civilization wishing to check on all the others on a regular basis of, say, once a year would have to launch 10, spacecraft annually. Not only does that seem like an unreasonable number of launchings, but it would take all the material in one percent of the universe's stars to produce all the spaceships needed for all the civilizations to seek each other out.
To argue that the Earth was being chosen for regular visitations, Sagan said, one would have to assume that the planet is somehow unique and that assumption "goes exactly against the idea that there are lots of civilizations around. Because if there are then our sort of civilization must be pretty common.
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And if we're not pretty common then there aren't going to be many civilizations advanced enough to send visitors". This argument, which some called Sagan's paradox, helped to establish a new school of thought, namely the belief that extraterrestrial life exists, but it has nothing to do with UFOs. The new belief had a salutary effect on UFO studies. It helped separate researchers who wanted to identify unidentified flying objects from those who wanted to identify their pilots and it gave scientists opportunities to search the universe for intelligent life unencumbered by the stigma associated with UFOs.
After suffering from myelodysplasia for two years and receiving three bone marrow transplants from his sister, Carol, Sagan died from pneumonia at the age of 62, at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle , Washington, in the early morning of December 20, The film Contact , based on Sagan's novel of the same name and finished after his death, ends with the dedication "For Carl". His photo can also be seen in the film.
It is a walking-scale model of the Solar System, extending 1. The exhibition was created in memory of Carl Sagan, who was an Ithaca resident and Cornell Professor. Professor Sagan had been a founding member of the museum's advisory board. Sagan's son, Nick Sagan, wrote several episodes in the Star Trek franchise. In an episode of Star Trek: Enterprise entitled " Terra Prime ", a quick shot is shown of the relic rover Sojourner , part of the Mars Pathfinder mission, placed by a historical marker at Carl Sagan Memorial Station on the Martian surface.
The marker displays a quote from Sagan: "Whatever the reason you're on Mars, I'm glad you're there, and I wish I was with you. Ann Druyan was at the Center as it opened its doors on October 22, This honor has also been awarded to Harry Houdini and James Randi. Beginning in , a musical project known as Symphony of Science sampled several excerpts of Sagan from his series Cosmos and remixed them to electronic music.
The Swedish science fiction short film Wanderers uses excerpts of Sagan's narration of his book Pale Blue Dot , played over digitally-created visuals of humanity's possible future expansion into outer space. In August , it was announced that a biopic of Sagan's life was being planned by Warner Bros. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
American astrophysicist, cosmologist, author and science educator. Brooklyn , New York, U. Seattle , Washington, U. Lynn Margulis m. Linda Salzman m. Ann Druyan m. Clark Chapman [ citation needed ] James B. Pollack [ citation needed ] Owen Toon . Play media. Science is more than a body of knowledge; it is a way of thinking.
See also: Sagan's number. On it, everyone you ever heard of The aggregate of all our joys and sufferings, thousands of confident religions, ideologies and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilizations, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every hopeful child, every mother and father, every inventor and explorer, every teacher of morals, every corrupt politician, every superstar, every supreme leader, every saint and sinner in the history of our species, lived there on a mote of dust, suspended in a sunbeam.
Think of the rivers of blood spilled by all those generals and emperors so that in glory and triumph they could become the momentary masters of a fraction of a dot. I have just finished The Cosmic Connection and loved every word of it. You are my idea of a good writer because you have an unmannered style, and when I read what you write, I hear you talking. One thing about the book made me nervous. It was entirely too obvious that you are smarter than I am.
I hate that. Sagan, Carl; Leonard, Jonathan Norton Life Science Library. Editors of Life. New York: Time Inc. Intelligent Life in the Universe. Authorized translation by Paula Fern. San Francisco: Holden-Day, Inc. Mars and the Mind of Man 1st ed. Produced by Jerome Agel 1st ed.
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Other Worlds. Produced by Jerome Agel. Toronto, NY: Bantam Books. New York: Random House. Bibcode : mevi. Broca's Brain: Reflections on the Romance of Science 1st ed. Cosmos 1st ed. Foreword by Lewis Thomas 1st ed. New York: W. Comet 1st ed. Contact: A Novel. Sagan, Carl; Turco, Richard P. November Journal of Peace Research. Note: errata slip inserted. Druyan, Ann ed. New York: Penguin Press. However, Sagan's frequent use of the word billions and distinctive delivery emphasizing the "b" which he did intentionally, in place of more cumbersome alternatives such as "billions with a 'b ' ", in order to distinguish the word from "millions"  made him a favorite target of comic performers, including Johnny Carson ,  Gary Kroeger , Mike Myers , Bronson Pinchot , Penn Jillette , Harry Shearer , and others.
Frank Zappa satirized the line in the song "Be in My Video", noting as well "atomic light". Sagan took this all in good humor, and his final book was entitled Billions and Billions , which opened with a tongue-in-cheek discussion of this catchphrase, observing that Carson was an amateur astronomer and that Carson's comic caricature often included real science. Conversations with Carl Sagan illustrated ed. Press of Mississippi. Carl Sagan". Retrieved October 8, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. The Verge. Retrieved January 16, Internet Accuracy Project.
Retrieved August 22, The New York Times. Retrieved December 12, University of Chicago Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Physical Studies of the Planets. University of Chicago. University of Chicago Chronicle. November 11, Retrieved August 30, Skeptical Inquirer. Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved August 31, Retrieved December 1, Carl Sagan:A life. Carl Sagan: A life. Extract of page xxi. Charlie Rose Interview. New York: PBS. Principles of Planetary Climate. Cambridge University Press. Extract of page Poundstone's biography of Sagan includes an 8-page list of Sagan's scientific articles published from to Detailed information about Sagan's scientific work comes from the primary research articles.
Example: Sagan, C. Accounts of Chemical Research. There is commentary on this research article about Titan at David J. Darling 's The Encyclopedia of Science. Is Our Vision of God Obsolete? Bloomington, IN: Xlibris. Cosmos 1st Ballantine Books ed. New York: Ballantine Books. Columbia Encyclopedia Sixth ed. New York: Columbia University Press. May Archived from the original on October 11, The Harvard Crimson.
Retrieved September 12, The Works of Michael Shermer. Michael Shermer. Retrieved March 10, Article originally published in November issue of Scientific American. American Scientist Book review. Minnesota State University, Mankato. Archived from the original on May 28, National Geographic Daily News. Washington, D. Retrieved May 13, Retrieved September 4, The Yale Book of Quotations. Foreword by Joseph Epstein. July — August Archived from the original on December 21, Retrieved March 25, Random House. Jargon File 4. Annals of Botany Book review.
Ri Channel. London: Royal Institution of Great Britain. Retrieved February 7, January 12, Bibcode : Sci JSTOR link to full text article. Carl Sagan discussed his involvement in the political nuclear winter debates and his erroneous global cooling prediction for the Gulf War fires in his book The Demon-Haunted World. Archived from the original PDF on September 24, The Science Channel.
Discovery Communications. Archived from the original on May 18, January 21, Facts on File. Archived from the original on January 2, January 22, Summer Issues in Science and Technology. Bibcode : IST Archived from the original PDF on December 3, Astronomical Society of the Pacific Podcast.
Astronomical Society of the Pacific. War is Boring. Retrieved November 28, Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. Episode 7. The New York Times ed. Retrieved March 23, The Humanist. Retrieved August 29, Rethinking Risk and the Precautionary Principle. Atheists in America reprinted ed. Columbia University Press. New York: Avon. An Atheist for Jesus.
In Cobb, John B. Faith Meets Faith Series. Essays by Masao Abe. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. Dazzle Gradually: Reflections on the Nature of Nature. Chelsea Green Publishing. Retrieved July 27, Episode The Unwritten Laws of Life. CSBC Ltd.
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Archived from the original on January 12, Retrieved September 1, Zetetic Scholar. Binkowski, Edward ed. Vermilye Reprint ed. Marihuana Reconsidered.