Hamburg ; Fisser-Wilke C. Hamburg out of print, available online Platzangst 3. Hamburg ; Fisser, C. Hamburg Platzangst 4. Series Editor: Z. Madrid, November Antibiotics and Chemotherapy, Vol. Nagoya ; Ichikawa, Y. Nagoya ; Sun, Y. Dalian ; Hamazaki, T. Toyama ; Lands, W. College Park, Md. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. Hosemann, H. We included published as well as unpublished papers in German and English reporting outcomes of psychotherapeutic hospital treatment in Germany.
Investigations from other countries had to be excluded due to the differences in health care systems and the unique position of inpatient psychotherapy in Germany. Inclusion criteria were based on those used in the meta-analysis on psychosomatic rehabilitation mentioned above MESTA study  , but were modified according to the context of psychotherapeutic hospital treatment see Table 1. Data abstraction was mainly carried out by one rater SL and supported by three trained student research assistants.
The student assistants extracted the sample characteristics and the quality criteria, but not the outcome data. All extracted data were verified by the first rater SL.
In case of ambiguity, the results were discussed with a second rater SR. To guarantee a high quality of data extraction, the second rater SR additionally carried out unsystematic double ratings and checked for inter-rater agreement. We extracted the following information from the identified studies: authors, title, year of publication, type of publication, country of study execution, study quality, measurement points, treatment characteristics e.
If relevant outcome information was missing, we contacted the authors of the study. There is a considerable lack of available checklists for the appropriate assessment of the study quality of psychotherapy outcome studies. Especially for non-randomized, i. For this reason, we scrutinized the issue of study quality in a separate study . Based on a systematic review of relevant quality assessment tools, we selected the 19 different quality criteria most relevant to non-randomized psychotherapy outcome studies, which address various aspects of general methodological quality, internal validity, and external validity.
We evaluated the quality of the included studies separately for each of these 19 criteria. Additionally, we calculated a composite score as the mean across all items, which ranged from zero to two, indicating low quality to high quality, respectively. We calculated standardized pre-post effect sizes as well as pre-follow-up effect sizes. In the case that more than one follow-up measurement point was reported, we selected the first one following the end of treatment to calculate the pre-follow-up effect size. However, due to the small number of studies providing follow-up data for all subscales, we had to limit the pre-follow-up analyses to the total scores only.
To ensure comparability across different samples e. To interpret a pre-post effect or a pre-follow-up effect as small, medium or large, this within-group effect must exceed the effect of an untreated control group by the reference value defined by Cohen. Accordingly, to consider an effect size as small, medium or large, we firstly deducted 0.
To address the concept of clinical significance, we calculated the percentage of remitted patients for each sample based on the GSI of the SCL see Formula 2. By weighing each study effect with its inverse variance, smaller samples contributed less to the effect than larger samples. Results were tested for statistically significant differences to zero two-tailed tests. To test for heterogeneity of effect sizes, we calculated Q statistics  as well as the I 2 index .
While the Q statistic tests for significant heterogeneity, the I 2 statistic quantifies the amount of variance attributed to differences between samples. To address differences between the included studies, we performed moderator analyses by calculating meta-regressions via restricted maximum likelihood, weighted by the inverse variance of the particular criterion.
To reduce the risk of bias, we included published as well as unpublished studies. For all calculations we used SPSS Wilson . Based on the inclusion criteria, our search resulted in 59 studies which were described in 67 different publications see Figure 1 and Table 2. For 34 articles of which results were incomplete, we contacted the authors. Figure 1. All samples, which received psychotherapeutic treatment and had available outcome data were included.
Except for one study conducted in Germany and Switzerland, all studies were conducted exclusively in Germany. The majority of papers Seventy-five percent of the studies were published in scientific journals, 15 percent in books or book chapters, nine percent were not formally published and one study was published as a scientific report.
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The majority of samples were recruited from psychodynamic treatment settings. Socio-demographic, socio-medical and clinical characteristics were typical for inpatient psychotherapeutic samples in Germany. Depressive disorders were the most common diagnoses see Table 3. For In almost all of these samples, some — but not all — patients used medication if indicated. In one sample, patients had to be medication-free before inclusion and received a pharmacological placebo during their inpatient stay. The mean quality score ranged from 0. Some criteria i. Five percent of the studies used randomized controlled designs, 29 percent used quasi-experimental designs and 66 percent used observational designs.
Treatment effects on global symptom severity GSI of the SCL had a medium size at discharge see Table 4 as well as at follow-up, although there was a slight reduction in effect size to follow-up see Table 5. Taking into account the defined critical values, four percent of all samples showed no meaningful improvement at discharge, 28 percent showed an improvement of a small effect size, 49 percent showed an improvement of a medium effect size and 20 percent showed an improvement of a large effect size.
No sample showed an aggravation of symptoms. All mean effects differed significantly from zero. Regarding interpersonal problems Total Score of the IIP , an improvement of a small effect size was found at discharge see Table 4 , which slightly increased but remained a small effect size at follow-up see Table 5. Concerning pre-post effects, 12 of 19 scales i. Pre to follow-up effects showed no significant heterogeneity, however the I 2 score for the IIP Total indicated a small amount of heterogeneity.
To explain the heterogeneity in treatment effects, we examined the percentage of females, mean age, diagnostic composition homogeneous vs. While a higher impairment at intake was associated with a larger effect size in both measurements, a longer treatment duration correlated with lower effect sizes in SCL GSI and with larger effect sizes in IIP Total. In all of these scales, smaller studies showed lower effects see Figure 3. This study represents the first meta-analysis on the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic hospital treatment in Germany.
It can be concluded that psychotherapeutic hospital treatment shows positive outcomes for both psychopathological symptoms and interpersonal problems. However, the effects in the two domains differ in their magnitude and pattern. Symptom reduction reaches a medium effect size at discharge but the effect slightly decreases between discharge and follow-up. On the other hand, interpersonal problems are reduced at a slower pace and are less substantial in the short term, yet they continue to decrease from discharge to follow-up. Similar results have been reported by Barkham et al. According to this model, the first improvements are expected to occur in subjective well-being, which then allows for a symptom reduction.
Symptom reduction on its own seems to be a necessary condition for improvement in life functioning, including interpersonal functioning. An additional explanation for lower effect sizes concerning the IIP might be that we combined the IIP Total Score and individual subscales across all different kinds of samples. This resulted in a reduction of information, as different patient samples show different patterns of interpersonal problems. The simple mean value calculation, however, does not consider the circumplex structure of interpersonal problems .
Compared to the samples of inpatients treated in psychosomatic rehabilitation clinics in Germany which were included in the meta-analysis conducted by Steffanowski et al. However, when interpreting these differences in effect size, one needs to consider several possible reasons favoring hospital treatment. First, a higher initial symptom load may allow for a higher symptom reduction. Second, hospital treatment is characterized by a longer duration than rehabilitation treatment twelve vs. Third, as the present analysis was able to include more recent studies than the MESTA study, more advanced treatment concepts may in part account for the existing differences.
On the one hand, it can be concluded that there is variation regarding the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic hospital treatment differing between the included scales. Surprisingly, the follow-up results show only a small respectively smaller heterogeneity even though there was a high variability in follow-up intervals ranging from three to 41 months. The variety of heterogeneity between different subscales corresponds to typical characteristics of the investigated sample. None of the investigated patient characteristics except the impairment at intake correlated significantly with the treatment effect.
In accordance with Bohart and Greaves Wade  , samples with higher impairment at intake show larger changes during treatment. Concerning treatment characteristics, only the treatment duration was associated with the effect sizes; interestingly, the results differed between the two investigated outcome measurements. With regard to symptom severity, longer treatment duration is associated with lower effect sizes, whereas regarding interpersonal problems, samples with longer treatment durations showed larger effect sizes.
Generally, the relation between outcome and treatment duration is not a simple one: While dose-response-models  ,  postulate that treatment duration affects outcome higher response rates in longer treatment , the good-enough-model  implies that symptom change predicts treatment duration longer treatments in severely disturbed patients. In this context, our findings may reflect the reality that symptom change constitutes a primary outcome of inpatient psychotherapy while change in interpersonal problems constitutes a more secondary goal.
However, our data do not allow for any more detailed interpretations. To clarify these relations, further studies are required. The quality of included studies was not significantly associated to the treatment effect, accordingly there is no evidence that low quality studies overestimate the treatment effects in this meta-analysis. One major limitation of this meta-analysis may be seen in the lack of randomized controlled trials RCTs addressing the efficacy of psychotherapeutic hospital treatment.
This lack of RCTs may be attributed to the specialties of the German health care system and its indication standards for inpatient and outpatient psychotherapy: As inpatient psychotherapy is considered to be the indicated and available treatment option for seriously disturbed patients in Germany, an allocation to a treatment condition of lower intensity i. Therefore, any study aiming at evaluating the efficacy of psychotherapeutic hospital treatment by use of an RCT design would be disapproved by the local ethics committee.
Correspondingly, the only existing RCTs in this field compare different treatment conditions within inpatient psychotherapy  ,  or — on rare occasions — inpatient to day clinic treatment . Thus, this meta-analysis does not allow causal interpretations. Changes cannot exclusively be attributed to the psychotherapeutic treatment but may also be caused by spontaneous remission or other confounding influences. In addition, as psychotherapy is only one part of the multimodal inpatient treatment concept, the proportion of improvement caused by psychotherapeutic interventions in a narrower sense remains unclear.
Since the application of psychopharmacological treatment is rarely described, analyses on the influence of medication were not feasible in this meta-analysis. In one of the included randomized controlled trials, the combination of behavior therapy and fluvoxamine was superior to behavior therapy and placebo in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder regarding obsessions and depressive symptoms but not superior regarding compulsions . In another randomized trial, the application of interpersonal psychotherapy additional to pharmacotherapy showed a higher reduction of depressive symptoms compared to pharmacotherapy plus clinical management, but was not superior regarding social and interpersonal functioning .
Cuijpers et al. Regarding these results, one can assume that the psychotherapeutic treatment itself is an effective factor in this setting - at least in some outcome areas. To date, established criteria to classify within-group e. We addressed this problem by deducting the effect sizes occurring in untreated control groups in outpatient psychotherapy studies  ,  from our calculated effect sizes before applying the critical values which have been proposed by Cohen for the interpretation of between-group effects .
However, this provisional approach certainly requires further validation. A possible imprecision of effect size calculation could as well have arisen from lacking information about pre-post-correlation in outcome measures, which did not allow the consideration of interdependence . Methodological weakness of included studies is often criticized as one major source of bias in meta-analyses.
To do justice to the complex relationship between study quality and outcome of psychotherapy, we carried out an extensive complementary project on this issue . Based on a comprehensive review of the literature and an expert rating, we selected 19 relevant quality criteria to quantify the quality of the included studies. However, study quality varies considerably over different studies and different criteria. Especially in terms of dealing with dropouts, more detailed information in original papers is required.
In spite of these limitations, there is no evidence that low quality studies distort the results of this meta-analysis since no correlation was found between study quality and outcome. Although our approach allows for a sophisticated appraisal of relevant quality criteria, especially with regard to non-randomized studies, there are no benchmarks available until now, since this is the first application of our checklist. As the few significant results indicated overally smaller effects in smaller studies, there was no evidence for a small study bias.
Some studies provided more than one publication, which complicated the process of data abstraction and data aggregation since the different publications sometimes focused on partially overlapping subgroups. We emphasized on including all relevant information without integrating data from overlapping subgroups in our calculations. Data regarding employment status, illness duration and comorbidity were incomplete in many cases, which limited the representativeness of the overall sample description. Heterogeneous classifications of socio-demographic variables complicated a consistent data aggregation.
Fortunately, at least data on the therapeutic approach, age, sex and the main diagnoses were nearly complete. The SCL is a well-established instrument in psychotherapy research. It is able to differentiate between subjects with and without a psychiatric disorder and is qualified for measuring change in outcome studies . The SCL GSI shows a high internal consistency  ,  , while the results on the subscales are inconsistent  , .
Previous studies show that most of its subscales measure one broad dimension of general symptom distress and are not suitable to differentiate between various diagnostic groups, therefore the concept of multi-dimensionality is doubtful  — . The IIP scales are dominated by this general factor as well, but also showed high loads on three factors on interpersonal behavior and interpersonal problems identified by Tran et al. On the one hand, it is therefore questionable whether the IIP provides relevant additional information.
On the other hand, our results show different results in IIP compared to SCL, justifying the application of both measures. Even if the factorial validity of the subscales is doubtful, we reported these results to provide benchmarks for facilities applying these scales for evaluation purposes. As the high number of included studies involved an immense effort regarding the data extraction, results of this extensive meta-analysis were not available until more than four years after the end of the literature search.
Although we expect some relevant studies to be published during this period, the included studies may still be regarded as being up-to-date. Due to the large number of included studies, we do not expect that a small number of new studies would change the results significantly. However, this risk of bias can be assumed to be low as PSYNDEX comprises more than English journals and electronic search was complemented by a comprehensive hand search. In spite of all methodical limitations in this meta-analysis, there is evidence that psychotherapeutic hospital treatment shows positive outcomes regarding symptom severity as well as interpersonal problems in severely disturbed patients.
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Medizinonline: Prime Public Media. Self-labelling and stigma as predictors of attitudes towards help-seeking among people at risk of psychosis: 1-year follow-up. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 1 Similar and Different? Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 48 2 Sleep benefits emotional and neutral associative memories equally. Somnologie, 20 1 Streit um die Schizophrenie. Drei Szenen zu einem Thema. Defizite in der sozialen Kognition und Motivation. CliniCum neuropsy, The epidemiology of common mental disorders from age 20 to results from the prospective Zurich cohort Study.
Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 25 01 The mixed serotonin receptor agonist psilocybin reduces threat-induced modulation of amygdala connectivity. The rise of the ego: social cognition and interaction in cocaine users. Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse. Treated versus non-treated subjects with depression from a year cohort study: prevalence and clinical covariates. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 2 Two-week neurasthenic major depression.
Uncontrollable and unpredictable stress interacts with subclinical depression and anxiety scores in determining anxiety response. Stress, 19 1 Use of microdoses for induction of buprenorphine treatment with overlapping full opioid agonist use: the Bernese method. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation, Psychologische Rundschau, Cell, 7 Bach, Dominik R Anxiety-like behavioural inhibition is normative under environmental threat-reward correlations. PLoS Computational Biology, 11 12 :e Bergamini, Giorgio. The association of neurocognitive impairment with diminished expression and apathy in schizophrenia.
Optimising a model-based approach to inferring fear learning from skin conductance responses. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, A comprehensive model of treatment participation in chronic disease allowed prediction of opioid substitution treatment participation in Zurich, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68 11 Amygdala-hippocampal connectivity changes during adute psychosocial stress: Joint effect of early life stress and oxytocin. Neuropsychopharmacology, 40 12 CDTNF activation in mice induces extended sickness behavior syndrome co-incident with but not dependent on activation of the kynurenine pathway.
High-dose benzodiazepine dependence: a qualitative study of patients' perceptions on initiation, reasons for use, and obtainment. Reward system dysfunction as a neural substrate of symptom expression across the general population and patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41 6 Valence and agency influence striatal response to feedback in patients with major depressive disorder.
Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 40 6 Analyzing texts on Deep Brain Stimulation : what do they tell us? Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience Psilocybin-induced spiritual experiences and insightfulness are associated with synchronization of neuronal oscillations. Psychopharmacology, 19 Klaus, Federica. Studying the effects of increased tumor necrosis factor TNF in periphery versus specific brain regions on depression-relevant behavior and physiological markers in mice.
The impact of neuroscience on society: cognitive enhancement in neuropsychiatric disorders and in healthy people. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, Impaired threat prioritisation after selective bilateral amygdala lesions. Cortex, Association of cerebrospinal fluid tap-related oscillatory activity and shunt outcome in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus.
Psychogeriatrics, 15 3 Clinical and functional outcome of assertive outreach for patients with schizophrenic disorder: Results of a quasi-experimental controlled trial. European Psychiatry, 30 6 Welche Faktoren beeinflussen den Erfolg von Supported Employment?
Psychiatrische Praxis, 42 6 The functional significance of EEG microstates-Associations with modalities of thinking. Bach, Dominik R ; Staib, Matthias A matching pursuit algorithm for inferring tonic sympathetic arousal from spontaneous skin conductance fluctuations. Psychophysiology, 52 8 Aberrant current source-density and lagged phase synchronization of neural oscillations as markers for emerging psychosis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41 4 Clinical potential of methylphenidate in the treatment of cocaine addiction: a review of the current evidence.
Stigma as a stressor and transition to schizophrenia after one year among young people at risk of psychosis. High-dose benzodiazepine dependence: a qualitative study of patients' perception on cessation and withdrawal. BMC Psychiatry, 15 :online. Maintaining homeostasis by decision-making. PLoS Computational Biology, 11 5 :e Manipulating motor performance and memory through real-time fMRI neurofeedback.
Zwangsmassnahmen in der Medizin. A cost minimisation and Bayesian inference model predicts startle reflex modulation across species. Journal of Theoretical Biology, Erratum to: Courses of helping alliance in the treatment of people with severe mental illness in Europe: a latent class analytic approach.
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50 4 International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 18 6 The electrophysiological effects of the serotonin 1A receptor agonist buspirone in emotional face processing. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 25 4 Apathy but Not diminished expression in schizophrenia is associated with discounting of monetary rewards by physical effort.
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41 2 Eugen Bleuler's schizophrenia : a modern perspective. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 17 1 Modelling suicide and unemployment: a longitudinal analysis covering 63 countries, The Lancet Psychiatry, 2 3 Changes in neurocognitive functioning during transition to manifest disease: comparison of individuals at risk for schizophrenic and bipolar affective psychoses.
Psychological Medicine, 45 10 Content and implementation of clinical decisions in the routine care of people with severe mental illness. Journal of Mental Health, 24 1 Externalizing disorders and substance use: empirically derived subtypes in a population-based sample of adults.
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Neuropsychodynamische Psychiatrie. Heidelberg: Springer, Arthur Kronfeld und das Ringen um die Einheit der Schizophrenie. Bilder der Schizophrenie. Aspects of sustainability: cooperation, job satisfaction, and burnout among Swiss psychiatrists. Frontiers in Public Health, Journal of Personality Disorders, 29 1 Association between processing speed and subclinical psychotic symptoms in the general population: focusing on sex differences.
Auditory feedback blocks memory benefits of cueing during sleep. Nature Communications, Ausblick: Neuropsychodynamische Psychiatrie und "Beziehungsarbeit". Auswirkungen von Cannabisverzeigungen auf den Cannabiskonsum. Berlin: Frank und Timme. Bleuler, Eugen In: Wright, James D. Amsterdam: Elsevier, Brain correlates of verbal fluency in subthreshold psychosis assessed by functional near-infrared spectroscopy.
Changes in cocaine consumption are associated with fluctuations in self-reported impulsivity and gambling decision-making. Psychological Medicine, 45 14 Childhood adversities as specific contributors to the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress and alcohol use disorders. Psychiatry Research, 3 Classification of mood disorders. Psychiatria Polska, 49 4 Scharnowski, Frank ; Weiskopf, Nikolaus Cognitive enhancement through real-time fMRI neurofeedback. Comparing two basic subtypes in OCD across three large community samples: a pure compulsive versus a mixed obsessive-compulsive subtype.
Courses of helping alliance in the treatment of people with severe mental illness in Europe: a latent class analytic approach. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50 3 Das Selbst und das Gehirn. Depressive Syndrome. Discrepancies between clinical needs and helpseeking behaviors in co-occurring posttraumatic stress and alcohol use disorders. Does "Individual Placement and Support" satisfy the users' needs? Dreidimensionales neuropsychodynamisches Modell psychischer Krankheit.
EEG manifested brain functional states with state-dependent information processing: a short review of the concept from the sixties to today. Kognitive Neurophysiologie des Menschen - Human cognitive neurophysiology, 8 1 EEG of two persons during their roles as spiritual trance healer and as client — a pilot study.
Editorial - Psychotherapie und Neurowissenschaften. Zum aktuellen Stand der Diskussion um die "personalisierte" Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie. Effects of methylphenidate and MDMA on appraisal of pictures of erotic stimuli and intimate relationships. European Neuropsychopharmacology, Kawohl, Wolfram ; Walitza, Susanne In: Leicester, Mal.
Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, Einstellung von Medizinstudenten zur Elektrokonvulsionstherapie. Der Nervenarzt, 86 5 Neuropsychobiology, 71 1 Empowerment and satisfaction in a multinational study of routine clinical practice. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 5 Es bleibt hypothetisch. Wie emotionale Monsterwellen entstehen und wie sie behandelt werden.
Eugen Bleuler's schizophrenia-a modern perspective. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, Evaluating the efficacy of a web-based self-help intervention with and without chat counseling in reducing the cocaine use of problematic cocaine users: the study protocol of a pragmatic three-arm randomized controlled trial. Evaluation of a new person-centered integrated care model in psychiatry. The Psychiatric quarterly, 86 2 Gamma-hydroxybutyrate enhances mood and prosocial behavior without affecting plasma oxytocin and testosterone.
Hydrocephalus, psychosis and art: a case report. In: Mettner, Matthias ; Jung, Joseph. Job maintenance by supported employment: an overview of the "supported employment plus" trial. Kraepelin, Emil Manische Syndrome. Medical-ethical guidelines: Coercive measures in medicine. Neural circuits of emotion regulation: a comparison of mindfulness-based and cognitive reappraisal strategies. Psychoanalyse und Neurowissenschaften : Chancen - Grenzen - Kontroversen. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, Heidelberg: Springer. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 69 3 Pharmacological cognitive enhancement in healthy individuals: a compensation for cognitive deficits or a question of personality?
Posttraumatic stress avoidance symptoms as mediators in the development of alcohol use disorders after exposure to childhood sexual abuse in a Swiss community sample. Predicting perceived need for mental health care in a community sample: an application of the self-regulatory model. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50 10 Predictors of burnout: results from a prospective community study.
Neuropsychopharmacology, 40 7 Preventing compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient care using psycho-education and monitoring: feasibility and outcomes after 12 months. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 3 Preventing compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient care: perceived coercion, empowerment, and self-reported mental health functioning after 12 months of preventive monitoring. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer. Psilocybin-induced decrease in amygdala reactivity correlates with enhanced positive mood in healthy volunteers.
Hoff, Paul ; Venzlaff, Ulrich Psychiatrische Begutachtung von Suizidhandlungen. In: Dressing, Harald ; Habermeyer, Elmar. Psychiatrische Begutachtung, 6. Psychoanalyse und Neurowissenschaften. Psychoanalyse und Neurowissenschaften: Zur Entwicklung der Neuropsychoanalyse. Psychopathologie und operationalisierte Diagnostik in der forensischen Psychiatrie. Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie, 9 4 Psychosocial functioning of individuals with schizophrenia in community housing facilities and the psychiatric hospital in Zurich.
Psychiatry Research, 2 Psychosoziale Behandlungen bei Suchterkrankungen — Suchtspezifische Psychotherapieformen und ihre Wirksamkeit. Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 83 04 Psychotherapie-Forschung im neurowissenschaftlichen Kontext. Quantifying insufficient coping behavior under chronic stress: a cross-cultural study of 1, students from Italy, Spain and Argentina. Psychopathology, 48 4 Reward-dependent modulation of working memory is associated with negative symptoms in schizophrenia.
Road Traffic Suicide in Switzerland. Traffic Injury Prevention, 16 8 Serotonin transporter and tryptophan hydroxylase gene variations mediate working memory deficits of cocaine users. Neuropsychopharmacology, Serum testosterone levels and symptom-based depression subtypes in men. Sozial eingebettetes Gehirn "social embedded brain" und relationales Selbst.
Subclinical psychosis syndromes in the general population: results from a large-scale epidemiological survey among residents of the canton of Zurich, Switzerland. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 24 01 Nordt, Carlos Substitutionsbehandlungen und polizeiliche Repression, moralische Fragen und empirische Befunde.
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Suizid - ethische und rechtliche Aspekte. Supported employment for the reintegration of disability pensioners with mental illnesses: a randomized controlled trial. Sustained magnetic responses in temporal cortex reflect instantaneous significance of approaching and receding sounds.
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Temporally unpredictable sounds exert a context-dependent influence on evaluation of unrelated images. The Kraepelinian Tradition. The translational study of apathy-an ecological approach. Three prevention studies ongoing in Germany and Switzerland enrolling psychiatric patients at high risk for violence and compulsory hospitalization: Comparing aims, designs and methods. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Tracing the associations between sex, the atypical and the combined atypical-melancholic depression subtypes: A path analysis.
Understanding weekly cycles in suicide: an analysis of Austrian and Swiss data over 40 years. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 24 4 Hoff, Paul ; Camenisch, Paul Praxis, 23 Von der Neurologie zur Neuro-Psychoanalyse: ein historischer Abriss. Warum neuropsychodynamische Psychopathologie? Wie viele psychische Erkrankungen gibt es? Cognitive Processing, 16 1 Zwangsmassnahmen in der Medizin — medizin-ethische Richtlinien.
Bern: SAMW. Protective benefits of mindfulness in emergency room personnel. Journal of Affective Disorders, C Desire for information of people with severe mental illness. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49 12 Facial expression influences face identity recognition during the attentional blink. Emotion, 14 6 Cerebral Cortex, 24 12 The birth of schizophrenia or a very modern Bleuler: a close reading of Eugen Bleuler's 'Die Prognose der Dementia praecox' and a re-consideration of his contribution to psychiatry. History of psychiatry, 25 4 Spatiotemporal properties of auditory intensity processing in multisensor MEG.
NeuroImage, Part 2 Neuropsychiatrie, 28 4 Sociocultural and scientific beliefs: interrelationships and the experience of well- or mal-being. The resting microstate networks RMN : cortical distributions, dynamics, and frequency specific information flow. Use of the first-person pronoun in schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 5 In memoriam: Dietrich Lehmann, Clinical Neurophysiology, 11 Was darf die Psychiatrie?
Oberhofen am Thunersee: Zytglogge. Juicy lemons for measuring basic empathic resonance. Journal of Neuroscience, 34 44 MDMA enhances emotional empathy and prosocial behavior. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9 11 Cross-modal effects of value on perceptual acuity and stimulus encoding. Self-regulation of inter-hemispheric visual cortex balance through real-time fMRI neurofeedback training. Mouse social stress induces increased fear conditioning, helplessness and fatigue to physical challenge together with markers of altered immune and dopamine function.
European Neuropsychopharmacology, 24 10 The role of sex on stability and change of depression symptom subtypes over 20 years: a latent transition analysis. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 7 In memoriam: Dietrich Lehmann, — Brain Topography, 27 5 Longitudinal course of self-labeling, stigma stress and well-being among young people at risk of psychosis.
The effects of caffeine on option generation and subsequent choice. Psychopharmacology, 18 Titus Lerners Kunst im Spiegel unseres Gehirns. In: Lerner, Titus. Titus Lerner. Eine Werkauswahl Witten: ars momentum, Neural representation and clinically relevant moderators of individualised self-criticism in healthy subjects. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9 9 Functionally aberrant electrophysiological cortical connectivities in first episode medication-naive schizophrenics from three psychiatry centers.
Letter to the Editor: Simply avoiding reactivating fear memory after exposure therapy may help to consolidate fear extinction memory - a reply. Psychological Medicine, 45 4 Praxis, 13 Efficacy of Coming Out Proud to reduce stigma's impact among people with mental illness: pilot randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, Pluralism in Psychiatry - I. Diverse approaches and converging goals. Bologna Italy : Medimond, Neural circuits associated with positive and negative self-appraisal. Neuroscience, Human hippocampus arbitrates approach-avoidance conflict.
Current Biology, 24 5 Early life stress modulates oxytocin effects on limbic system during acute psychosocial stress. Isolated effective coherence iCoh : causal information flow excluding indirect paths. Supported employment — improving competitive employment for people with mental illness: The role of motivation and social network. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 40 1 Psychiatrischer Versorgungsbedarf in betreuten Wohneinrichtungen.
Neuropsychiatrie, 28 1 Emotional reactions to involuntary psychiatric hospitalization and stigma-related stress among people with mental illness. The effect of visual salience on memory-based choices. Journal of Neurophysiology, 3 Functional changes of the reward system underlie blunted response to social gaze in cocaine users. Transcription factor 4 TCF4 and schizophrenia: integrating the animal and the human perspective. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 71 15 Dopaminergic stimulation increases selfish behavior in the absence of punishment threat.
Psychopharmacology, 1 Real-time neurofeedback using functional MRI could improve down-regulation of amygdala activity during emotional stimulation: a proof-of-concept study. Brain Topography, 27 1 Berlin: LIT-Verlag, Bern: Verlag Hans Huber. A head-to-head comparison of SCRalyze and Ledalab, two model-based methods for skin conductance analysis. A recovery-oriented approach for an acute psychiatric ward: is it feasible and how does it affect staff satisfaction?
The Psychiatric quarterly, 85 2 Psychopathology, 47 5 Clinical Neurophysiology, 8 Agomelatine is effective in reducing insomnia in abstinent alcohol-dependent patients. Clinical Neuropharmacology, 37 1 Altered emotion processing circuits during the anticipation of emotional stimuli in women with borderline personality disorder. Altered social and non-social decision-making in recreational and dependent cocaine users.
Psychological Medicine, 44 05 An integrative examination of general personality dysfunction in a large community sample. Personality and Mental Health, 8 4 Aspekte der Nachhaltigkeit in der ambulanten Versorgung von Menschen mit Demenz. Psychiatrische Praxis, 41 8 Assessing direct paths of intracortical causal information flow of oscillatory activity with the isolated effective coherence iCoh. Assessment of Psychopathy in Austria. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 1 -1 Associations with quality of life and the effect of psychopathology in a community study.
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Brain activation associated with pride and shame. Neuropsychobiology, 69 2 Brain electrical source imaging in manic and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder.