See the glorious effects of county instrucOur people nave fire if not smothered. Poor General Thompson tions. I charge you to write to me. Jubeo tc bene valcrc. It has been said, by some of our historians, that I began by an invocation to the god of eloquence. This is a misrepresentation. Nothing so puerile as this fell from me. I began, by. They would probably, upon less occasions than this, have begun by solemn invocations to their divinities saying that this. Dickinson, some years afterwards, published his had made no preparation beforehand, and never.
But if I had a copy of Mr. Dickinson's before me, I would now, after nine and twenty years have elapsed, endeavor to recollect mine. Before the final question was put, the new delegates from New Jersey came in, and Mr. Stockton, Dr. Witherspoon, and Mr. Hopkinson, very respectable characters, expressed a great desire to hear the arguments. Lee, printed in the Memoir of R. Lee, vol. The language of his authority is certainly equivocal enough to Yet, on the other hand, nothing is better established justify his interpretation. Adams was in constant communication with the leading men who were pushing for independence in the jNIiddle States, where the cause was weakest.
Adams had received the following equally thirteen days earlier, from one of the most cheering lines, active friends of the measure in New Jersey. Sir Jacta est alea. We are passing the Rubicon, and our delegates The bearer is a staunch Whig, Congress, on the first of July, will vote plump.
The Works of John Adams, vol. 3 - Self-Educated American
I Lave been very busy Bere, and have stolen a ininute n'om business to write this. In haste, yours, JoxA. For a long time the struggle between the triendsand the opponents of decided measures had been severe ni New Jersey. The stale is said to have been at. Sergeant's note, and nearly a week later, that is.
Francis Ilopkinson, one of the number, at- i tended and produced the credentials of the whole. Adams, which contains the following Toluntary tribute of reminiscence. Adams in the debate. The sp-akers were almost all of that side. Among them Mr. JeflTer8on enumerates Dickinson, Wilson, R. Livingston, and E. Rutledge, whilst on litth;.
Lee, who was called home on the tenth of June, Wythe, and John Adams. From this it is tolerably plain how large a share of the active support of the measure must have fallen on the last named. Jefferson's testimony at a later day is emphatic on this point. In a letter addressed in February-, , to Mr. John Adams to hold a most conspicuous place in the design. He was the pillar of its support on the floor of Congress, Its ablest advocate and defender against the multifarious assaults it encountered ; for many excellent persons opposed it on doubts, whether we were provided sufficiently with the nutans of supporting it, whether the minds of our constituents were yet prepared to receive it, Ike, who, after it was decided, imited zealously in the measures it failed for.
Otis the impressions which he received trom those who were. Adams's fellow laborers in well recollect," he says. Adams being abundantly established, it would seem superfluous to dwell upon it, were it not for the equally certain fact that up to a comparatively late period, most if not all of those who have undertaken to write concerning the Revolution, either overlooked or misrepresented it. Jeflferson's eAndence be trusted, Mr. Lee, though a zealous, was a florid and verbose, rather than a strong speaker and his exertions, undoubtedly of great value when those of all were needed, were suspended, three days alter the presentation of his resolution, by his departure for Virginia.
Singularly enough, Botta. He John Dickinson, as addressing represents something himself, not to the Continental Congress, in which he did speak, but to the revolutionary convention of Pennsylvania, an organization by no means then completed, which had been resorted to by the popular party as the only means of stemming the resistance instigated by him in the Assembly of the Province, and The convenone, the validity of which he wotdd have been slow to recognize. But it is very certain that this did not happen, eis Botta states, before the fourth of July, neither was it the cause of the change in the votes of the delegation favorable to independence for the new members were not elected until the 20th, nearly three week- afterwards.
See p. Dickinson, with three more out of seven old delegates of Peimsylvania, voted in committee of the whole, against independence on the first instant. On the second, he and Mr. Robert Morris absented themselves, which reversed the condition of parties and determined the favorable vote of the State. This is not the place to treat of the causes which led to the mode of writing American history- in the early part of the present century.
The still on insisting hearing at Jersey gentlemen, however, least a recapitulation of the arguments, and no other gentleman. Wirt was oomparalivelv a young man. His l iograplur, Mr. Kennedy, has ixiven the evidence l Oth of the extent to wliiili he rarried his horror of New Eutrland at one time, and of the frank manner in wliiclj he eonfe-'ssed hi. To Mr. Adams's renionst ranees, finnly but pentlv made, it was owinp, in a preat decree, that the j ul iic mind did not com leteiy imhihe the inipri'ssions wliich tlie Life nf Henry was calculate"!
Adams throuph the violent scenes of his Presiof the Revolution. Perhajis his opinion of Patinck Henry may have been somewhat influenced by what he regarded as the e. Wirt's History of Mr. Henry possess'd very po] ular talenf. But they all acquiesced in the declaraand steadily supported it ever afterwards.
Resolved, That Dr. Adams, and IVIr. Jefferson, be a committee to prepare a device for a seal for the United States of America. Wythe, which had been pubfor the. I presume this was the fact, because lished in the Spring before. Duane, after his return to Congress, asked me if I had seen the constitution of York? I answered him, that I had. I said I thought it published my by far the best constitution that had yet been adopted. The daily references to the Board of War, rendered it necesthen asked. Wednesday, July Atlams, Mr. Harrison, and Mr.
Morris, be a committee to bring in a resolution for subjecting to confiscation the property of the subjects of the crown of Great Britain, and particularly, of the inhabitants of. William Franklin, Mr. Eden, Lord Dunmore, Mr. A petition and memorial of Mr. Resolved, That the plan of treaties be printed for the use of the members, restrictions and regulations prescribed for printing the plan of con-. Franklin may, if he thinks proper, return an answer to the letter he received from Lord Howe.
Harrison reported that the committee have made some progress in the matter to them referred, but not having come to a conclu-. Tuesday, July 23d, was employed in making references to the board of war, and in receiving, considering, and adopting their reports, as may be seen in the Journal.
Also in a committee of the whole on the articles of confederation. Lieutenant Colonel William Allen was laid before Congress, and read, requesting leave to resign his commission. Resolved, That leave be granted. Resolved, That it be referred to the board of war. Committee of tlie whole on the articles of confederation. The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into.
Resolved, as in the Journal. Committee of the whole on the articles of confederation. The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration, whereupon. Letters from General Thursday, August 1. General Roberdeau, referred to the board of war. Morton in the chair. The board of war brought in two reports which were accepted, as in the Journal,. The board of war brought in a report Friday, August 2. The marine committee brought in a report on the conduct of.
Commodore Hopkins. Committee of the whole on the Mr. Saturday, August 3. A letter from Neil McLean,. Anderson, and sundry resolutions passed by the Convention of. Pennsylvania, were laid before Congress and read refeiTed to the board of war. That the board of war furnish the committee of treasury with the Ordered, names of the British officers, and other prisoners, who are entitled to the allowance made by Congress of two dollars a week, mth the times of their captivity and the places where they are quartered. Resolved, Tliat they be referred to the board of war.
Resolved, That the board of war be directed to take into immediate consideration the state of the army in the Northern department, and our naval. Resolved, That the secret committee be directed to doUvcr to the order of the boanl of war, such articles in their possession, belonging to the continent, as in the opinion of the said board of war are necessary lor the Delawnro battalion. Ilolden Parsons, and James Clinton, Esfjs.
I thought, however, that Hopkins had done great service, and made an important this occasion I. Agreeable to the order of the day, Commodore Hopkins attended, and was admitted when the examination taken before the marine committee, and the report of the said committee in consequence thereof, were read to him and the ;. Congress then took into consideration the instructions given to Commodore Hopkins, his examination and answers to the marine committee, and the report of the marine committee thereupon also, the farther defence by him made, and ;.
Experience and skill might have been deficient in several particulars but where could we find greater experience or skill? The other captains had not so I knew of none to be found. I therefore entered into a full and candid investigation of the whole subject considered all the charges and all the evidence, as well as his answers and proofs and exerted all the talents and eloquence I had, in justifying him where he was justifiable, and of Hopkins,.
When the " over, Mr. Eliery of Newport, came to me and said,. College, who had married his daughter, and all his family,. The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration, whereupon, Resolved, as in the Journal. Congress took into consideration the articles of war, and after some time spent thereon, the farther consideration thereof was postponed till to-mor'-ow. Saturday, August In Wooster's case, there was a manifest endeavor to lay upon him the blame of their own misconduct, in Congress, in embarrassing and AVooster was calumniated lor starving the war in Canada.
The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration, whereupon, ResolL'ed,aiS in. This report was made by me and Air. Jefferson, in consequence of a letter from General Washington, sent by Colonel. Tudor, Judge Advocate-General, representing the insufficiency Mr. John Adams and Mr. Jefferson were appointed a committee to hear Tudor, and revise the.
Something perhaps might be gained.
There was extant one system of articles of war which had carried two empires to the head of mankind, the Roman and the for the British articles of war were only a literal transBritish lc in vain lor us to seek in our It would lation of the Roman. Jefterson, IMr. Franklin, INIr. Rutledge, IMr. Nothing suffered to transpire, no opporto consult no room for advice or criticonstituents tunity ;. I was very uneasy under all this, but could not avoid it. In the course of. Wilson, of Pennsylvania, upon one occasion, moved that the debates should be public, the doors opened, galleries erected, or an adjournment made to some public building, where the people might be accommodated.
John Adams seconded the motion, and supported it with zeal. But no neither party was willing. This being concluded, a pause is left. He sat and appcarctl full of thought. He i-osc. This business, sir, that has taken up so much of our time seems to be finBut, sir, I now, upon this floor, venture to rc lict that, before ten years, confederation, like a rope of sand, will Ix- found inadi'ijuate to the purpose,. Heaven grant that wisdom and experience then avert what we have most to fear " I never knew a greater solenuiity u Kjn the minds of the members.
It was near the usual time of adjoiiriunent. Congress was adjourned. Adams, in his reply, makes some correction. After that dotcnnination and some othei-s, I own I gave u that contedei-ation in despair of its efficacy or long utility. Harrison, Jones, F. Penn, of North Carolina, and Mr. Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to revise the resolutions of Congress, respecting the place where prizes are to be earned into, and to bring.
Washington and Schuyler, with papers inclosed, referred to the board of war. A committee of the whole on the foi-m of a treatj-! Nelson in the chair. CarHsle, in Pennsylvania, inclosing a memorial from the officers there, were read and referred to the board of war. Lord Howe, together with his lordship's answer, was read. Delegates from Virginia pirwluced new credentials.
Vrnold al. John Nelson, and one from Benjamin Ilarri. Sullivan wan roinc to I'hibdelphia 'Congress being informed that ieneral with a le? Folui Weitzcll, and one from Jame? Paid Gnvert. Sullivan being admitted, delivered a verbal message he had in charge from Lord Howe, which he wa desired to reduce to writing, and then he with-. That, though he could not at present treat with Congress as such, yet he was very desirous of haA"ing a conference with some of the membei"s whom he would consider, for the present, only as private gentlemen, and meet them him-.
That he wished a compact might be settled at this time, when no deciplace. Congress being the representatives of the free and independent States of America, -annot with propriety send any of its members to confer with His in tlieir j rivate charactci-s, but that, ever desirous of establishing peace lyoifisliip.
Vmerica, and wliat that authority is, and to hear such propohe. President be desired to write to General "Washington, and. Resolved, That General Sidlivan be requested to deliver to Loi-d Howe, the copy of the resolution given to him. Arlams, and Mr. Resolved, That in all continental conunissions and other instraments, where " heretofore the words " United Colonies have been used, the style be altered " for the future to the United States.
On this day Mr. Franklin, IVIr. Edward Rutledge, and Mr. John Adams, proceeded on their journey to Lord Howe, on Staten Island, the two former in chairs, and the latter on The first night we lodged at an inn in New Brunshorseback. On the road, and at all the public houses, we saw such wick.
I was, nevertheless, determined that it should not. I saw that we must, and had no doubt but we into order in time. At Brunswick, but one bed could be procured for and me, in a chamber little larger than the bed, without a chimney, and with only one small window. The window was open, and I, who was an invalid and afraid. Franklin replied, " The air afraid of the evening air. Come, open the window and come I.
I will convince you. I believe you are not acwith of colds. Cooper, in bed, leaping which he had advanced, that nobody ever got cold by going into a cold church or any other cold air, but the theory was so. I would run the risk of a cold. The Doctor then began a harangue upon air and cold, and respiration and perspiration, with which I was so much amused that I soon fell asleep, and. I remember little of the lecture, except that the human body, by respiration and perspiration, destroys a gallon of air in a minute that two such persons as were now in that chamber, would consume all the air in it in an hour or two; that by breathing over again the matter thrown ofl" by the lungs and the skin, we should imbibe the real cause of colds, not from abroad, but from within.
I am not inclined to introduce here a dissertation on this subject. There is much truth, I believe, in some things he advanced, but they warrant not the. I have often. Jones, he fell a sacrifice at last, not to the stone, but to his own theory, having caught the violent cold which finally choked him, by sitting for uj n. Nothing was farther from. Oppressed with a load of business, without an amanupublic. For seven years before this, I had never been without three clerks in.
The few. I said to Dr. Franklin, it would be childish in us to depend upon such a pledge, and insisted on taking him over wdth us, and keeping our surety on the same Journals of Congress, nor in.
The Works of John Adams, 2nd President of the United States VOL 3 of 10 - Charles Francis Adams
Gentlemen, you make me a very high compliment, and you may depend upon it, I will consider it as the most sacred of walked up to the house between lines of guards things. The house had been the habitation of military guards, and was as dirty as a stable but his lordship had prepared a large handsome room, by spreading a carpet of moss and green sprigs, from bushes and shrubs in the neighborhood, till he had made it and he enternot only wholesome, but romantically elegant tained us with good claret, good bread, cold ham, tongues, and ;.
Friday, September The committee appointed to confer made a verbal report. The rest consisted, principally, of assurances, that there was an exceeding g X d disposition in the King and his ministers to make tliat government easy to us. Lord repeated than any other part of this whole Howe was profuse in his expressions of gratitude to the state of Massachusetts, for erecting a marble monument, in Westminster. Abbey, to his elder brother. Lord Howe, who was killed in " he esteemed that America, in the last French war, saying, That such in this vjorld.
Another circumstance, of no more importance than the former, was so much celebrated in Europe, that it has often reminded me of the question of Phocion to his fellow-citizens, when something he had said in public was received by the people of " Have I said Athens with clamorous applause any foolish will. John confer with us as.
Adams answered somewhat quickly, " Your lordship may sider me ill wliat light you please, and, indeed, I should be ing to consider myself, for a few moments, in any. Rutledge, and said, " Mr.
Adams is a decided with so much gravity and solemnity, that I now character," believe it meant more than either of my colleagues, or myself,. In our report to Congress, we supthe that commissioners, Lord and General Howe, had, posed their commission, j ower to except from pardon all that they by. At the ball, on the queen's birth-. Fortunately meeting Lord Howe at the door, I asked his lordship where were the ambassadors' His lordship, with his usual politeness, and an unusual seats.
Tucker's Life of T. To have it diverted and relaxed, by such a poor artifice and confused tale,. Brigadier-General Armstrong, were read. Referred to the board of war. Nelson reported no resolutions. Resolved, That they be referred to the board of war. The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration, whereupon nine resolutions were adopted.
Schuyler, inclosing a copy of one from General Gates, dated the 6th, and one of the 2d fi-om General Gates, with sundry papers inclosed, were read, and referred to the board of war. After debate, yestonlay, relative to the new army. Congress took into consideration the plan of treaties to be proposed to foreign amendments agreed to by the committee of the whole, and the.
A Secret Journal was prepared, in which all the procoediiifrs on this business were entered, which has never. The reqiain-. Tlic last of these. The reiolutions, whirh may be seen in the Journal, contain the wiiolc plan army of eighty-eight battalions, to be enlisted as soon as possible, to serve. See vol. The only other instance in which his name appears, is as one of the comraittpf ajipointed on the L'Glh of Seplcmlxjr to prcfan- a ilrniii.
Congress, and especially in the be the conmust and our cause of country clearly that the ruin and strict reformation a if discipline could thorough. This was another measure that I constantly urged on with all the zeal and industry possible, convinced that nothing short. They fill In Congress, Jefferson about sixteen pages of the Journal. Trnmluill one of the 21st, from tlie Convention of Delaware one of tlic ;.
William Shippcn, were read. Shippi-n be referred to the medical com14th, from R. Stark, and the other from Monsieur Devourouy, were ivad, and referred to the boanl of war. They may be found, no doubt, at the seat of government, in the office of the Secretary of Stair. Smith, requesting leave to resign his office of deputv- mustei-master-general, were laid before Congress, and read. Hopkinson, IMr. Resolved, That the board of war be empowered and directed, on requisition of the General or commanding officers in the several departments, to send such articles of military stores and other necessaries, which they may have in their possession, or can procure.
Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed to prepare and bring in a plan of a militarj- academy at the army. Hooper, IMr. Lynch, ]Mr. Wythe, 'Mr. I WTote to Colonel Knox in these words the honor of making a motion for the appointhad day a committee of to consider of a plan for the establishment ment of a military academy in the army. Write me your sentiments upon. My own private letters to confidential friends will show my opinion at the time of the state of facts, and the measures that were necessary impression on.
Like Mr. Gifford, I look sort of skepticism, on the application of those days,. Colonel Ivnox had been a youth, who had attracted my notice by his pleasing manners and inquisitive turn of mind, when I was a man in. General Parsons had been my junior for business in Boston. I had three years at college, and upon terms of familiarity. Again, I had formed an opinion that courage and reading were all that were necessary to the formation of an officer. Of the courage of these gentle-. If this remark is just, as I believed it was, it thought to me that the only way to form an army to be conappeared ;.
As a member of that body, I had contributed my share towards the creation of the army, and the ble hitherto,. I will add without vanity, I had read as much on the military art, and much more of the history of war,. Certain it is, that these letand many more that I WTote, without preserving copies,. Possibly this might in his case have been exaggerated, although it must be conceded that the weight of evidence Hes the other way.
It would be surprising if Mr. Reed should have been an exception to a feeling almost universal among the officers out of New England. Graydon has stated the case with fairness in his Memoirs. It had very much to do with the hostility to General Schuyler among the New England troops, a circumstance which seems to have been unnecessarily puzzUng to some writers upon American affairs.
This matter merits a closer analysis than it has met with. In speaking of the. Wirt and Mr. The pei-sons of considerable are so few that they can readily be counted.
The Works of John Adams, 2nd President of the United States VOL 3 of 10 - Charles Francis Adams
The relation between. Of course the prevailinij ideas of discipline were very difl'erent from those acquired by men coming to them as oHicers from an oj posite condition of swiety. These are distinguished by being placed within brackets. Among the papers left by Mr. With this record the Diary has been compared, and such extracts from it as tend to illustrate the text have been placed in the Notes. I had been four years in Conmy accounts in a very loose condition, my debtors. Some of my friends, who had more compassion for me and my family than others, suggested to me what I knew very well.
I had applications from all quarters in the most important disto. Langdon came in from Philadelphia, and others, Col. Deane was As I could recalled, and I was appointed to go to France. As I had never solicited such an appointment, nor intimated to any one the it, the news was altogether unexpected. Yorktown, came out of the house of JNIr. Roberdeau, where we lodged together, and said to me, between hirii and me, that I must go to France that Mr. Deane's conduct had been so intolerably bad as to disgrace himself and his country, and that Congress had no other way of retrieving the dishonor but by recalling him.
I answered that, as to recalling Mr. Deane, Congress would do as they thought fit, but I entreated him that neither Mr. Gerry nor any one else would think of me Gerry, at. Supposing it only a sudden thought of Mr. Jerry, and that when he for. At Portsmouth, Captain Landais was introduced to me as then lately arrived from France, who gave me an accomit of his voyage with Bougainville round the world, and other partirnlars of his life.
Lpon my nlnrn to Braintree, I found to my inlinitr anxiety, that Mr. Langdon's intelligence. A papers had been left at my house, and waited my arrival. Hident of Congress informed n e of my appointment, and that the navy board in Boston was ordered to fit. It should have been observed before, that in announcing to me the intelligence of my appoiiitment, Langdon neither expressed congratulation nor regret, but I soon afterwards had evidence.
Deane's recall, for he had already formed lucrative connections in France, by Mr. Deane's recommendation, particularly with Mr. Le Ray de Chaumont, who had shipped merchandises to him to sell upon commission, an account of which, rendered to Chaumont by Langdon, was shown to me by the former, at Passy, in , in which almost the whole capital was sunk by the depreciation of paper money.
The dangers of the seas, and the sufferings of a. The British men-of-war were a more. The news of my appointment, I had no Rhode Island, where a part of the British navy and army then lay, as soon as they were to me, and transmitted to England as soon as possible. I had every reason to expect that ships would be ordered from Rhode Island and from Halifax to intercept the Boston, and that intelligence would be secretly sent them, as accurately as possible, of the time when she was to sail.
For there always have been and still are spies in America, as well as in France, England, and The consequence of a capture would be a other countries. As their Act of Parliament would. My family, consisting of a dearly beloved wife and four young children, excited sentiments of tenderness, which a father and a lover only can conceive, and which no language can express and my want of qualifications for the office was by no means forgotten. The confidence. My wife, who had always encouraged and animated me in all. But she discovered an inclination to bear me comwith all our children.
This projwsal, however, she was pany,. It was an opinion, generally prevailing in Boston, that the fisiieries were lost forever. Isaac Smith, who had been. Lee of Marblehead, had spoken to me on the subject, and said that whatever should be the termination. My practice as a barrister, in the counties of. Essex, Plymouth, and Barnstable, had introduced me to more knowledge, both of the cod and whale fisheries, and of their importance, both to the commerce and naval power of this country, than any other man possessed who would be sent abroad if I refused and this consideration had no small weight ;.
A longer time than I expected to fit and man the frigate. The news of. The design of his visit was, as I soon perceived, to. He asked me what my opinion of him was. I answered, with the utmost frank nes. In the army, the impression that it was true, so far prevailed, that General Lafayette seems to have caught it at the time and retained it all his life. Panni les deputes qui s'unirent a lui, on distingue ennemis de Washington, et les deux Adams.
By reference to the Diaiy, it appears that Mr. John Adams left Congress, at Yorktown, on the 1 1th of November, never to return. Congress Colonel Wilkinson, on the 3d of November, five days before leave of absence was granted to Mr.
Adams, and eight days before he departed. It only remains to remark, that the importance of Gereral Gates, as a rival of Washin"-ton, arose after, and in consetjuence of, his success in the North. The wind was very high, and the sea barge. Vernon, a son of Mr. Vernon of the navy board, a little son of Mr. Deane of Wethersfield, between eleven and twelve years of age, and Mr. Nicholas Noel, a French gentleman, surgeon of the ship, who seems to be a well-bred man.
The title Dr. USD 5. Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Explore Now. Buy As Gift. Overview John Adams was the second President of the United States, ruling the country from to , and one of the Founding Fathers. He was also a major leader of American independence from Great Britain.
This is volume three out of ten of his works, this book containing a part of his diary, an autobiography and essays. The text is annotated with more than endnotes. Product Details. Average Review. Write a Review. Related Searches. Writings of John Quincy Adams - Vol. No cover image. Read FREE! Excerpt St. Petersburg, 2 January, My dear SIR: The last letters I have had the pleasure of receiving from you are those of l and 2 July, and excepting them and others of the same period from my mother and brother I have nothing from America dated later than June.
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