He also joined the Literary and Scientific Society. Soon he found out that he was not satisfied with his medical career and decided to try his hand in writing fiction. From a young age he found pleasure in writing letters and articles and, finally, composing short stories.
He also wrote his first novel, The Narrative of John Smith. Its manuscript was lost in the mail on its way to the publisher. Although not good fiction, the novel provides a fascinating insight into the young writer's mind. It was published in This early novel is about a middle-aged man who is stricken with gout and confined to his bed for a week. He attempts to write a book, and expounds his views on topics such as medicine, religion, literature and interior design.
Many of the opinions reflect the author's outlook, e.
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In the s Conan Doyle continued his private medical practice at Southsea, which turned out to be far from prosperous, and published fiction in various magazines. Because of its brevity it was not published as a separate book, but was included in Beeton's Christmas Annual in the following year.
The Annual was not very popular and Doyle decided to write historical romances instead of detective fiction. Conan Doyle often wrote to his mother about his longing to have a wife. Eventually, in , he married Louise 'Toulie' Hawkins, whom he had met while treating her terminally ill brother Jack.
Surprisingly, instead of going on a honeymoon with his young wife, he went on a tour of Ireland with the Stonyhurst Wanderers, the school's old boys cricket team. Four years later Arthur and Louise had their first child, Mary, and in their second child, Arthur, known as Kingsley. In , Conan Doyle studied briefly ophthalmology in Vienna. After return to England, Conan Doyle moved to London with his wife and daughter to start practice as an eye specialist at 2 Upper Wimpole Street. In August, Doyle decided to give up medicine and make his living as a full-time professional writer.
He next moved with his family to Tennison Road in South Norwood to concentrate only on writing. By then Conan Doyle had launched himself as a full-time professional writer. In , Louise was diagnosed with tuberculosis. During the first years of the illness, the Doyles spent much time in Switzerland, hoping that local climate would help her.
While in Switzerland Conan Doyle practised winter sports and became the first British to cross the Alpine pass in snow shoes. After return from Switzerland to London, Conan Doyle met the novelist Grant Allen at luncheon, who told him that he had also suffered from consumption and that he had found the climate of Surrey beneficial for his health.
Doyle rushed to Hindhead, the highest village in Surrey, with buildings at between and metres above sea level. He immediately bought a plot of ground, and commissioned a house to be built before leaving with his wife for Egypt in the autumn of The house, called Undershaw, which was designed for rest and recuperation of his wife, was ready in Louise died in at the age of Shortly after the death of his wife, Conan Doyle married Jean Leckie , a beautiful daughter of a wealthy Scottish family, who rode horses, hunted, and had trained as a singer.
Pascal 94 She turned out to be the greatest love of his life. He had met her at a party in , while Louise was still alive and fell in love at first sight. It appears that the relationship with Jean was platonic until Louise died. Conan Doyle had two children with his first wife: Mary Louise and Kingsley , and three children with his second wife: Denis Percy Stewart , Adrian Malcolm and Jean Lena Annette During his writing career Sir Arthur wrote twenty-one novels and over short stories.
He also published nonfiction, essays, articles, memoirs and three volumes of poetry. He left thousands of letters to the press, his mother about letters , family, friends and acquaintances, including Winston Churchill, P. Wodehouse, Theodore Roosevelt, and Oscar Wilde.
He shared Dickens's sense of justice and social responsibility, his warm humanity and delight in the lively individuality of the characters he created. Like Dickens, he published his stories and novels, often in serial form, in the weekly magazines that were the staple of popular entertainment in the late nineteenth century. Like his younger contemporary and friend, H. Wells, he used his scientific education and medical training in his fiction and challenged the prevailing belief in the idea of progress.
Like Wells, he also became an important public figure whose opinion was sought on the crucial issues of the day, an influential speaker at a time when the lecture was a popular event. Holmes's fictional forefather was Edgar Allan Poe's detective C. Auguste Dupin, but it was Conan Doyle who first introduced to literature the character of the scientific detective. Holmes, one of the best known and most popular characters in English literature, is not only a successful master detective, but he is the epitome of the Victorian and imperial values.
Sherlock Holmes embodies the system that he comes to protect. He is the man of reason, of science, of technology; he is from the upper class and was educated at Oxford; he eventually becomes rich; and he frequents best city clubs and other haunts of the gentleman.
Arthur Conan Doyle Biography
After publishing the first set of Sherlock Holmes stories in the Strand Magazine between and , Doyle was not particularly proud of his detective fiction. He planned to write an opera, a book of medical short stories and a Napoleonic saga. He believed that historical romances, and not his detective stories, were his most important work. Wilson 22 In , he tried to kill off Holmes at the height of his popularity by plunging him over the Reichenbach Falls with Professor Moriarty, Holmes's greatest enemy, but in Holmes appeared in The Hound of the Baskervilles because the reading public demanded further adventures of the great detective.
As a matter of fact, Doyle did not bring Holmes back to life, but told a story that had taken place before his disappearance at the Reichenbach Falls. Doyle created the first truly great detective in fiction and gave a great impetus to detective story as a fictional form.
The tremendous popularity of Sherlock Holmes in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods can be explained by the fact that he not only embodied the late Victorian faith in the power of logic and rationality, but above all restored confidence that the British were capable to maintain law and order not only in Britain but also in the Empire at large.
Although the Sherlock Holmes stories are his best fiction, Conan Doyle wrote novels and short stories in many genres. These include historical fiction, horror and suspense, psychological thriller, science fiction, poetry, and plays for the stage. The Lost World introduced his second most famous character, Professor George Edward Challenger, who guides an expedition deep into an isolated plateau in the South American jungle where some prehistoric animals dinosaurs and indigenous race of ape-like people still live.
Challenger, a scientist of enormous intellect and adventurer, was designed to be a character to rival Holmes. The Poison Belt is an apocalyptic novel that features the same characters who appear in The Lost World. We are winning because ours is a revolution of the mind and the heart. Hundreds of people of all colors and faiths came to Delano to help with the grape strike. Many churches of all different faiths supported the strike. The national media television crews, news papers reporters, and writers for magazines covered the use of violence by the growers against the nonviolent striking farm workers.
Other labor unions supported the strike. Eventually the growers are forced to negotiate with the farm workers. Millions of Americans supported the boycott and stopped buying grapes because they understood the injustices that the farm workers suffered. People from all over the United States felt the importance of his fasts; his quiet sacrifice spoke to many people about the injustice that existed for farm workers. In when he ended his fast, 8, people including Robert Kennedy were there to support him. The media would cover his fasts and he would receive letters of support from politicians, religious leaders, and civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr.
Those that oppose our cause are rich and powerful, and they have many allies in high places. We are poor.
Our allies are few. But we have something the rich do not own. We have our own bodies and spirits and the justice of our cause as our weapons. The UFW continued to grow in strength because of the national boycott. Martin Luther King, Jr. He had started a nonviolent movement that demanded civil rights and economic justice.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. A Biographical Introduction
We are together with you in spirit and determination that our dreams for a better tomorrow will be realized. Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Sheen is on the left. He kept working and had faith that people united could create a better world.
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In June of , the UFW sponsored a farm-labor law with the support of growers. Governor Brown signed into law the Agricultural Labor Relations Act that gave farm workers the right to organize a union and hold to elections. The Agricultural Labor Relations Act remains the strongest law nationwide protecting the rights of farm workers.
By , the union had , members and had won a contract with the largest lettuce grower in the United States. The pesticides caused cancer and birth defects in the children of farm workers. Holmes does not congratulate him, explaining that he cannot allow the distraction of feelings such as love to bias his brain. Watson comments that it seems unfair that Jones gets the credit and he gets a wife and asks what Holmes gets out of it. Holmes replies that he gets the cocaine syringe. Sherlock Holmes - Genius detective, constantly preoccupied with mental stimulation. When he is on the case in The Sign of Four, as a means for further distraction when he is waiting for news on the case he distracts himself with chemistry experiments.
Holmes is generally only interested in the facts of a case and is constantly telling Watson that one needs to look at every case in an objective way. Has severe mood swings from manic happiness and inspiration to depression, partly caused by his drug usage. An intimidating man in his mental and intuitive capabilities. Source: Wikimedia commons. John Watson- Narrator of the story. Friend, roommate, and essential side-kick of Holmes. Has a bullet wound in his leg from his time in the army that occasionally flares up. Serves as a more empathetic and human counter-part to Holmes.
Watson is portrayed as more idealistic and romantic than Holmes. He is intelligent yet always bested by Holmes. Morstan just after meeting her. Mary Morstan - Brings the case of her missing father to Holmes because she has been receiving pearls from an unidentified source but in the year of the case she has received a mysterious note instead of the usual pearl. She is idealized by Watson and described as putting up a strong front but of really needing protection. She is disinterested in the potential fortune she could receive and when they find the treasure chest empty, she says that she is happy because it means she can then be with Watson.
Governess for Mrs. Cecil Forrester. Captain Arthur Morstan - Ms. Was a senior captain in his regiment and disappeared on December 3, in London when he was on a month leave to visit his daughter. One of the original collaborators Small tells about the hidden fortune in order to get his freedom. Described by Small as a better man than Sholto. When he returns to England he confronts Sholto for his share of the treasure.
The two come to heated words and his bad heart gives out, causing him to fall, crack his skull open and die. Of the officers that gamble together, Sholto is the hardest hit. Because of this Small approaches him about the treasure, knowing that his greed would most likely corrupt his judgment and make it more likely that he would make a deal with Small for his freedom in exchange for a portion of the treasure. Sholto is trusted to go retrieve the treasure but does not hold up his end of the deal and takes the entire treasure for himself, cheating Morstan out of his portion and Small out of both his money and his freedom.
When Morstan confronts him later in London there is a disagreement and Morstan suffers a heart-attack, falls, hits his head and dies. For the rest of his life Sholto is plagued by guilt and fear of Wooden-legged men. He falls ill partially from an enlarged spleen and partially from fear after he is told that Small has escaped. Morstan the curious letter concerning her father. He is an unsettling man who is in poor health and is constantly twitchy and nervous. Thaddeus implies that his brother Bartholomew was less keen than himself in sharing wealth and information with Ms.
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Morstan or anyone else. Killed by a poison dart shot by Tonga. Arrested with other members of the household for the murder of Bartholomew only to be later released. Cecil Forrester - Ms. Has a wooden leg due to a run in with a crocodile. He is convinced by Singh and Khan to attack Achmet for the treasure. Small is the only one of the original four that ever obtains freedom after their imprisonment for their murder.
Small seeks the treasure and thinks that only him and the other three are entitled to it. When he is about to be captured by Holmes on the river, he dumps the treasure so that no one else can have it. Punjabi Sikh who is on guard-duty with Small at the time of mutiny. One of the originators of the plan to steal the treasure.
Sentenced to life in prison. Punjabi Sihk who is on guard-duty with Small at the time of mutiny. Traveling companion to Achmet, foster brother to Abdullah Khan. Devises the original plan to get the treasure. Small often marvels at his large size in describing him. Sihks were, and to some extent still are, stereotyped as being highly violent which is probably the reason Doyle makes them the original creators of the violent plot to gain the treasure.
Achmet - Servant of the rajah who is entrusted with the treasure for safe keeping until the mutiny is over. Disguises himself as a merchant to deliver the treasure to Agra but is ambushed by the Four and murdered. Even his physical description makes him out to be the type of person who uses a loud voice rather than reliable argument to get a point across. Wiggins - Leader of the Baker St. Mordecai Smith - Boat keeper who rents and drives boat for Small.
Somerton - Surgeon on Blair Island from whom Small learns some basic medicine. Dawson - Book-keeper for Abel White. Small sees them in a ditch and knows not to return to the plantation and make his way to Agra. Tonga is often depicted in animalistic terms and clearly shows the inherent racist view of Europeans at the time. Hears the noise of Cpt. Morstan falling and hitting his head, assumes Major Sholto has killed him, and suggests hiding the body. Today, surviving copies are worth thousands of dollars. The two were both commissioned to write for the magazine by one of its agents, J.
Stoddart, at a dinner that they attended. From the beginning, Sherlock Holmes has been a beloved part of popular culture, and his influence can be felt all around the world. According to Guinness World Records, he is the most-portrayed movie character, having been portrayed by seventy-five actors in films. Source: Crime Circle. Gregory House. There have been hundreds of adaptations for film, television, theater, literature, graphic novels, and games. Most recently, the Conan Doyle estate commissioned writer Anthony Horowitz to write a new, authorized Sherlock Holmes novel.
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Source: Anthony Horowitz News Centre. There are multiple museums dedicated to Sherlock Holmes. London has two notable museums. Source: Sherlock Holmes. Source Photo : Wikimedia Commons. In the Royal Society of Chemistry presented Sherlock Holmes with an honorary fellowship for his use of forensic psychology. Source: BBC News. The Sign of Four on Google Books. Favor, Lesli J. A cademic Search Elite. Frank, Lawrence. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, Oak Taylor-Ide, Jesse. Literature Online. Image from www. UI Victorian Wiki.
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Jira links. Table of Contents. Indian Rebellion of Topics for Discussion. Form is Content. Plot Summary. Chapter Four Holmes, Watson, and Mary are led to a room that is completely decorated in extravagant Oriental decor. Chapter Seven Watson drops Mary off at home, and frets over the fact that once she inherits her part of the treasure, she will never be interested in a poor doctor like himself. Chapter 8 Holmes brings Toby back to the place where he followed the wrong scent, and gets him to follow the right one.