Kesenai hontou no kimochi wo Shimatta mama de Jibun igai no daremo ga Mabushiku miete kurushikute Sonna jibun no koto nado Suki ni nareya shinakute Hatasenai iiwake bakari Itsudatte sagashiteta. Negatta mirai wo te ni suru koto tte Tanin goto to omoikonde Nigeteita keredo. Konna boku wo kaete kureta Kiseki ni meguri atta kara Ippo me wo fumidaseru to Shinjiru koto ga dekita kara. You changed me Turned around by a miracle Stepping out of the first stage being able to believe. Kono yuuki ga mata dareka no Sono senaka wo oseru you ni Boku wa boku no dekiru koto wo zenbu Yatte miyou to omou yo.
I hope that this strength can be shared to support someone again I want to show everything that this me can do. Hito wa yuku tabi ni kitto Kabe wo mitsukete Nani mo dekinai jibun Semete shimau hi mo aru kedo. Kimi wo akiramenai de. Yori sotte sasaete Kureta kimi ga ite Boku wa koko de utaeru kara Tsutaete yukitai. Kimi no yume ga kanau you ni Itsu datte inotteru kara Sou yatte donna boku mo Hagemashite kureteita yo ne.
Sono yuuki ga mata dareka no Senaka wo oseta nara ii na Sonna koto wo sono te nigiri nagara Zutto omotte ita yo. Dancing time! Dera choushi ii wa! I just feel so good! Dera honki dakara! Ore wo shinjite mina! Believe in me, everyone! Fureau hoho nukumori nara Nando omoi dashitatte Tarinai kedo kokoro no oku Kimi ga iru dake de. Futari no rizumu kizanda shigeki ga Kotoba wo wasurete ugokidasu Tsuyosa mo yowasa mo sarake dashite Motto boku dake no kimi de ite Mi Amor. Ikuoku mono hikari ga Kowareru kurai tsukisasu Ubawareteku nanimo kamo ga Isso Ah kono mama Mou kore ijou dareka wo Aisenai hodo Ichido no Taisetsu na koi ni ochiteku Negau koto hitotsu dake… Eterno.
Kasenete yuku jikan tachi ga Yume no tsudzuki wo tsukuru Kawatte yuku shunkan ni wa Kimi to itai janai. Aijou ni mo inochi ga aru kara Mizu wo agenakereba kareteshimau Ittoki datte me wo hanasenai Myakuutsu omoi ni kuchizuke wo Mi Amor. Minareta keshiki no naka Ima demo kimi ga hoshikute Sono egao mo sono kuchibiru Subete daki shimetai Itoshisa sae hitori ja Kakaete itemo setsunai Afureru hodo boku no soba de Kimi wa kagayaite ite.
Futo natta boku wo yobu kooru Kasureta koe kimochi osaekirenai Aitai… mou kurushikute Tobidashita…. You unexpectedly cry out, calling for me With a hoarse voice. Hito no shiawase wo negai Hito no kanashimi ni naite Hikikaesenai michi demo mou Sono te hanashitakunai. Mou kore ijou dareka wo Aisenai hodo ichido no Taisetsu na koi ni ochiteku Negau koto hitotsu… Eterno.
My voice has dried out No matter how many times I trip Because I am waiting to go on towards tomorrow So No matter what the pain is, I can climb over it. Because with these eyes, I found you. Even though we were rivals, we stopped fighting each other Put our weight on our backs, we became stronger So Even if we fight, we can climb over it. By our own hands, we wanted proof This family is amazing So Without exception, never give up your dreams What you wish for will come true. Kimi no ikiteku sekai ni orera ga Ichibyou demo ooku egao nokoseru you ni… sou Minna no koe ga orera wo ugokasu Itsu datte.
In the world that you live, we want to make you smile Even if for just one second So Everyone inspire us with your voices Whenever. Because with these we, we found you — our family. The same tokoro also crops up under 'Modal Endings', where, modified by verbs, and followed by past forms of the copula, it indicates the meaning of something 'nearly happening '. The same tokoro is also found under 'Conjunctive Particles', where it means 'as' or 'just when', used with vari- ous case particles attached.
The term 'structural noun' is occasionally used in this book used to char- acterize items like tokoro and others, which are used as grammatical items while still retaining noun-like features i. Like tokoro, many other grammatical items have several functions or meanings, but in most cases separating the functions complicates things unnecessarily.
Therefore, items are often subdivided into a number of meanmgs or uses. Chapter headings unfamiliar to eyes attuned to the grammar of European languages include the frequent appearance of 'particle', as in Case Particles, Phrasal Particles, Adverbial Particles and Sentence-Final Particles. This is a convenient, if not really well-defined, way to refer to items with gram- matical function that do not quite fit traditional grammar.
In addition, there are Honorific and Humble Forms, but these are sufficiently well known as a notable characteristic of Japanese. A note on romanization In accordance with common practice, the so-called syllabic nasal in hira- gana, written lv before a vowel or semi-vowel, like y is followed by an apostrophe, as in jin'in 'personnel' or kin'yii 'finance' to distinguish these words from otherwise identical sequences like jinin 'resignation' or kinyii.
Naturally, these pairs are also pronounced differently. Note the similar symbol', which in the absence of an established romanized equivalent is used to mark what amounts to a kind of emphatic way of ending a word, exclamation, sentence-final particle, etc. In hiragana, this is effected by.. Chapter I Nouns Nouns in Japanese do not inflect for case, gender or number but see 1.
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Their grammatical function is indicated by case particles see 2. In Japanese writing, most nouns are written in kanji. For predicative use, nouns require the copula see 7. Dl Types of noun Generally, subgroups of nouns such as common nouns, abstract nouns, and proper nouns are often distinguished; in Japanese, however, this is a matter of meaning only.
On the other hand, there are different strata of vocabulary in Japanese, which, though not exclusive to nouns, most typically exhibit the distinction between the four strata of vocabulary typical of Japanese- Native, Sino-Japanese, Western-Japanese and Mixed formations. Some of these distinctions are also reflected in the way nouns are written, i.
Western-Japanese nouns and parts of Mixed-Japanese nouns are written using katakana, while the remainder is usually written in kanji. Although the distinction is not reflected in the form of the noun, animate nouns and inanimate nouns are distinguished in that they select different existential verbs. Another type of nouns that can be distinguished are relational nouns, which are used where English uses prepositions such as above, behind etc.
They also played a major part in the mod- ernization of the language in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, when new terminology entering from Europe was coined in Japan using Chinese character kanji roots. Almost all Sino-Japanese words are written in kanji, with one kanji being the equivalent of one morpheme or unit of meaning. One morpheme corresponds to a short or long syllable, in some cases two syllables: aku 'evil', ichi 'one', etc. Some SJ words consist of one kanji only, but the vast majority are made up of two or more.
The Native-Japanese words can have both specific and generic meanings depend- ing on the context, whereas the Sino-Japanese terms have generic meanings only. The SJ terms are also used in further compounding, such as san- gaku-chi-tai in the above list. Recent WJ items include Japanese creations, so-called Japlish or Janglish, which are made up by combining English roots. WJ words are adapted to the Japanese sound system, and are written in katakana.
Some items that used to be written in kanji are now also written in hiragana M[ljt t There are two ways of doing this with nouns, by means of no, and by zero. Note- in Japanese, the main noun is always the second one, whereas in English the order is reversed. IV hahaoya no Misako-san Misako, the mother d O a! Rossellini, who was married with children, fell in love with Ingrid Bergman, the actress, and took her away from Hollywood's world of film. Ek kuniguni 'countries' , yama WJk yamayama 'mountains' , m mise J;! Note that the repeat sign used for kanji, k, is used in writing to indicate that the second kanji in the same word is repeated, i.
Therefore minshushugi is written. Reduplication is not limited to nouns only; it includes pronouns! It k wareware 'we' , and adverbs tX. There is a work entitled 'Houses, Trees, Mountains'. Ill Plural suffixes -domo -domo is mostly attached to first-person pronouns see 5.
Attached to nouns, -domo forms a plural which has a ring of contempt. In example b, the implication is that the other cats are useless or inferior, compared to the old cat. At that stage, Jesse and his men take their guns and begin to fight the baddies. Furuneko wa sorezore udejiman no neko-tachi no itaranu tokoro o oshie, At night, the cats ask the old cat about the secret [of catching rats]. The old cat tells the cats, each of whom takes pride in her abilities, where they fall short, and However, -tachi can also be used. Textbooks and supplementary texts and materials are not commercial products but handmade by the teachers.
We also want you wives who are here not to worry [about your husbands getting the sack]. Attached to nouns and also demonstrative pronouns, 5. Yasushi's sons are still university students. The presidents of [the] affiliated businesses are still young [so they can't be promoted to main firm president]. Us 14 ;. IE -e a-i. The man took flight, but five middle-school pupils, [including] the second-year Kawabata Naoki 14 , who heard the proprietor's shout of 'Thief!
It can also indicate the idea of 'person X and those associated with X'. The fact that oku no bito is still much more common than oku no bito-tacbi seems to indicate that this type of plural is still an optional, perhaps even a stylistic device. Many people gave their lives for their country. The protagonists of [fixed] price destruction are after all women. The world's 'iron men' gather and test the limits of their strength. In magazine headlines even nouns like mise 'shop', 'restaurant' and keki 'cake' appear with -tachi attached, but this new convention does not extend to running text.
What particularly attracts attention amongst these are the flamingoes. An important distinction in use depends on whether one is addressing others, or referring to them. When referring to others, an ingroup--outgroup distinction is also applied. This distinction requires that, towards outgroup listeners, members of one's own group are referred to without hon. The choice between o- and go- depends on whether the word the prefix is attached to is Native-Japanese or Sino-Japanese vocabulary see 1.
Exceptions include o-jasan and o-bot-chan. Where names are used for addressing, the general rule is to attach -san, etc. Note 1- older-generation husbands also use oi 'say', 'hey' to address their wives example 21 , and wives or girlfriends often use ne 'I say' towards their husband boyfriend , in a variety of intonations example a. Heijitsu no gogo shichi-ji, tsure no dansei to ude o kunde ita wakai onna no ko ga kyosei o ageta. Around 7 p. ITm Family address a :M:t.
Father, mother, thank you for all [you've done] all these years. Na oyaji, hayaku inkyo shi na yo. Come on, dad, retire soon, will you. C 1J,S, Ofukuro, shinu na yo. Mum, don't die! Tonight hubby's not coming home. No matter what happens, daddy and mummy will protect you. Mum is already interred in dad's grave.
Flowers for mum! Sakunen, shujin to rikon shimashita. Last year, I got divorced from my husband. LJ "t:9o La Kazoku o kuwasenai to ikenai shi. I also need to feed my family. It wasn't that unusual [in the old days] for the wife to go out shopping in the husband's company car. I Table 1. I name ol name ol-go-san niece jlf name mel name mel-go-san husband A. Bl: ciS t.
Instead of -san, 1he superpolite -sama can be used for reference to others' kin. Some of 1he above bnns, such as oyajl and ofukuro, are only used by men in ilfonnal contexts. Where names are used, suffixes like -sama, -san, -kun and -chan are usually attached. Sensei, konna ni atsukute wa jugyo dekinai yo. Uchikiro yo! Sir, if it's this hot we can't have classes! Let's finish! Caddy, come over here. Personal suffixes : 1.
L it""to Sore de wa Shiraishi-san, shiharai o onegai shimasu. Well then, Mrs Shiraishi, please pay up. As Linda goes to school twice a week, Mike gives the baby a bottle feed instead. I'm full of gratitude to all the people who have followed [my career] with interest and have urged me on. Note- on the use of -sama for addresses: -sama never -san is attached to the name of the addressee on envelopes. In this case, it's attached to company names as well as people's names other suf. Haruki-kun I I. Kawamura-kun, kimi wane, ichinen-kan kinshin suru kurai no hansei ga hitsuyo daro.
In the media, -chan is used to refer to children of up to 6 years of age. Women and young children also commonly attach it to cute animals, e. Ayako-chan left this world without receiving a transplant operation. It really amazes you how strong the older brother's influence is!
Mummy, go back to [your] work now. IIJ Animate and inanimate nouns This is a distinction between persons and animals on the one hand, and plants and things on the other. In existential sentences, the verbs iru and aru with some exceptions, see 7. There's a woman outside. There is a bath for shared use. Ill Relational nouns and structural nouns Relational nouns Relational nouns are nouns that indicate a position that is relative in time or space.
Relational nouns often translate as a preposition in English and include the following: aida 'between', ato 'after', hidari 'left', mae 'in front', migi 'right' naka 'inside' shita 'below' tonari 'next to' ue 'above' 'on top' ' ' ' ' ' ' ushiro 'behind', etc. Yama no ue no shizuka na tera da. It is a quiet temple on the top of the mountain. Could you come to the conference room upstairs for a moment?
They put coffee cups on the table. Arashi no ato no shizuka na asa. A quiet morning after the storm. I'd like to request you to put it off a little longer. There was a flash of light inside my head. Note also the set phrases kono aida J iJ' ;Jl;tt. Gore-tO wa jiiroku seiki zenhan kara jiikyii seiki nakaba made yaku sanbyaku-nenkan, Nishi Afurika kakuchi no dorei o atsume, okuridasu kichi to shite tsukawarete ita. Kono kan, Afurika kara tsure-dasareta dorei wa sii-senman-nin to iwareru. Gore Island was used for about years from the first half of the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century as a station for gathering slaves from all over West Africa and sending them on.
The number of slaves taken from Africa during that time is said to be 20 or 30 million. With his wife, he has one son and three daughters. C Nihonjin no aida ni kimazui kiiki ga tadayotta. An awkward feeling among the Japanese hung in the air. The investigation of how water circulates between the air and the sea and land will lead to a clearer understanding of the climate.
It can be used by itself, usually with wa, in the sense of 'all that remains is. Shampii no ato, burashi o ate, mimi o soji shite tsume o kiru no ga ippan-teki na kosu. Note that this can also be read sono go, in which case the meaning is 'since' or 'subsequently' for an example of sono go, see In the event that my husband should die, I'd be worried about debts and how to support myself thereafter.
Note that ato ippo in example b literally means "one more step". For number counter, see 4. It's one more week to election day. He turned back with only a short distance lit. Like other nouns, it can be used after another noun usually in the form N no mae ni , but it can also attach directly, like a suffix, especially after nouns of time. They will be deported as early as before Christmas. In apartment houses and the shops in the vicinity, there are people in front of the radio. Why didn't he seek help before choosing death?
Before explaining the content [of the conference], it's easier to understand its purpose by looking at what sort of people were there. Of these, six have died. L t:o Kono uchi rokkan made o gemu-ka shita. C -t"O? Two of these trees have blossomed this month. J::, flO. If one were to use electronic media at work too, one might work for company A in the mornings and company B in the afternoons.
Saisho no uchi wa nani itteru ka wakaranakute mo. As they get more proficient, singers' pronunciation gradually gets clearer, doesn't it. Even if one can't understand what they say at first. Structural nouns include items such as aida see Ill Time nouns As a noun, toki 'time' is written with the kanji or in hiragana. Being formally a noun, when toki is modified by a clause in such sentences examples c-f , it acts as a relative clause head noun, just like any other noun. Why did I get myself hospitalized that time, I wonder.
C TOto unihomu o nugu told ga ldta. The debt is the remainder of the loan [taken out] when we rebuilt our house IS years ago. As long as one is alive, there are times when things are hard and times when one feels down. There are many teachers who feel that the time when they are in contact with the students is the most enjoyable of all. I have no memories of being cuddled when I was a baby, and was unable to realize my father's love. Compared to toki, koro indicates an approximate time, but often also translates as 'when', like toki. Note the common combinations osanai koro 'when very young', chiisai koro 'when small', wakai koro 'when young late teens to early twenties ', kodomo no koro 'when young' see the fol- lowing examples.
America was on TV from the time we were small, and can be understood without going [there]. When I entered university, we weren't free to go abroad yet. I want to tell about the time when I was a child. Kono koro no kaisui no ryo ya kagaku sosei wa genzai to amari chigai wa nakatta. At this time, it wasn't much different from now with regard to things like the amount of sea water and the world's] chemical make-up. As with other time expressions, the particle ni can optionally be attached to -goro see 2. He is suspected of having killed his wife around the 15th of this month.
Around In the morning he got up by around 6 and went to school [to teach], and after the end of classes he immersed himself in the study of Spanish in his room. Between about 2 and 3 a. Behind the sudden increase in births there is the wedding boom that started around Ill Honorific and humble nouns Honorific and humble nouns can be divided into nouns referring to a person, nouns referring to people's actions, and nouns that are used as euphemisms. Nouns refemng to a. He is a very healthy person. For address and reference, these prefixes are also attached to some family terms see 5.
Now, on the occasion of your first Bon festival, I believe that you have returned for a short time to your family. In the times when three generations lived under one roof, the wife would say to the mother-in-law 'Your dinner is served', but in the nuclear family 'Dinner! Typically, these nouns attach the prefixes o- or go-, and some also contain honorific verbs. They fall into three main groups as follows: o-cha 'tea', o-hashi 'chopsticks', o-miyage 'gift', o-tearai 'toilet', o-sake 'alcoholic drink', o-kane 'money', o-tsuri 'change'. Mothers and other, usually female, siblings of small children often use 'children's talk' when conversing.
The last one has gained common currency, even among men in informal situations. There are two ways of forming verbal nouns. Sino-Japanese: hakken 'discovery' hakken suru 9 'discover' kenkyu 'research' kenkyu suru 'do research' ryori 'cooking' ryori suru JISI Native-Japanese: yama-nobori 'mountaineering' Western-Japanese: bokushingu 'boxing' kanningu 'cheating in an exam' yama-nobori suru Ll. As long as you do good work, you'll have plenty of opportunities to present papers.
Nominalizing suffixes Besides plural suffixes 1. This is a very productive formation, being possible with practically any adjective or na-adjective. He's so youthful that it's hard to think he's 69 lit. The speed [of establishing a shareholding company] is unthinkable in Japan.
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Nihon no jiitaku no sema-sa da. However, there's another problem with large-screen TVs. It's the smallness of Japanese homes. It's lit. The exuberance of soccer is an exuberance that knows no wavering, like that after praying. These are derived by adding -mi to Adj-root. Examples include tsuyomi 'strength', yow ami 'weakness', kayumi 'itch'. Whereas the -sa forms are simple nominalizations, the -mi forms tend to have some idiomatic meaning. Compare the examples below for the dif- ference between tsuyosa 'strength' example a and tsuyomi 'strength', 'strong point' example b.
Jorokuju no midori wa, gentO o norikoeru inochi no tsuyosa o shocho suru no da 50 da. The green of evergreen trees is said to symbolize the strength of life in getting through severe winters. One of his strong points is that he is used to Japanese soccer. This is limited to a select number of adjectives that relate to distance, time, and amount, toku 'distance', chikaku 'vicin- ity', furuku 'of old' and oku 'plenty' Note 1 - in its noun form as opposed to its adjective -ku use, see Notes 2 and 3 , oku is used only to modify other nouns by means of no in the sense of 'many'.
Note 2 - these forms can of course also be used as conjunctive form equivalents of Adj. Note 3 - chikaku can also be used as an adverb in the sense of 'soon'. T-O ii! The woman says that she was about to walk to her son's house after having withdrawn some cash from a nearby bank. This is the best way of eating [it]. This is the way things are done in this country.
Department stores have their own way of selling things, you know. They give classes in how to compose haiku in English. The rate at which silk farmers are disappearing is appalling. It is used in three ways, as set out in the following sections. A, 46 lc:J: r B O j't.
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Ms Miyake Kurihara 46 of the same store is overjoyed, saying, 'Today, Ko-chan had a really radiant look'. Sorezore no jidai o mamori-nuite kita najimi no oshiro ga ichiyaku 'sekai no takara' ni risutoappu sareta no da kara, sono yorokobi-yo wa oshite shiru-beshi de aru. The inhabitants of Himeji have lived with their castle for a long time. As the familiar castle, which has watched over the various ages, has suddenly been listed a 'world treasure', you can imagine their delight lit.
Whatever else, about the weather there is nothing one can do. C Hatsumimi da. Komento no shi-yo ga nai. This is the first time I've heard about this. I can't comment. I have no way of checking the meaning of 'bibiddo', because I don't know how it is spelt, and before that I don't know [from] what language it comes. The literal meaning is therefore "there is no way of doing anything about V-ing", i. I cannot help tears running down [my face].
Note - the expression shiyo ga nai often contracted to sho ga nai and its partial synonym shikata ga nai are extremely common by themselves, meaning 'it can't be helped', 'there's nothing that can be done', 'never mind', etc. Chapter 2 Case particles Case particles indicate the semantic or logical relationship of nouns or nominal elements they follow with other parts of a sentence. Ill ga ga generally marks the subject of a sentence but with certain predicates it translates into English like an object. Depending on the type of sentence, ga also contrasts with some other case particles see 2.
The various uses of ga as a subject marker relate to its basic meaning, which can be characterized as perception. This in turn derives from the fact that ga used to be a genitive particle. This use is still found in some place names, and other fossilized uses. Tears came to my eyes lit. The sky darkened. I'm confused lit "my head has got confused". It was as if time had stopped. On the Japan Sea side, it snowed lit. Tonight, hubby's not coming home. But who [did this], [and] why? In English, this translates as the object of the potential verb. Note that in potential sentences also using the comparative ho ga exam- ple c , ga is used twice in a sentence.
The object particle o can also be used with potential verbs example d , which gives it a more objective ring. I can't play winning golf. I can't do research in hot climates lit. C '"]- Waido na gamen no ho ga ugoki ga tanoshimeru tame da. This is because movement can be enjoyed better on a wide screen. One can enjoy the bath like [being in] an outside bath. In English, this translates as the object of a desiderative verb. Alternatively, the object of desire in these sentences can be marked by o see 2.
I want some stimulus. I want the time to write five or six books. I want to do a different job. Hayaku hikoki ga mi-tai. It [the airport]'s so big. I want to see the aeroplanes soon. I want to find out quickly about reactions abroad. I want a marriage where we can laugh and cry together. Furthermore, in the Indian Ocean a rise in the sea temperature has been reported.
I wasn't the only one to receive recognition. Almost all are housewives. Kono uchi [rokunin] ga shibo shite iru. According to the police agency, this year there has been a total of eight cases of child suicide, including attempted ones, which are assumed to have been caused by bullying. Six of them have died. Cabbages, onions, carrots, Chinese cabbage, etc. Beef is cheaper than pork.
Learn Japanese kanji – JLPT N2 Vocabulary list
Now is the time when work is most interesting. The -te clause underlined indicates a state see 6. Example a shows the latter case. Nani wa tomo are aruki-nikuku naru koto dake wa kakujitsu da. What happens if you tie the two trouser legs together with a strap a cloth belt l Whatever else, it becomes more difficult to walk. After Q-words, much like the use of ga in 2. Strictly speaking, it is however the whole [Q-word ga NN] phrase. Note also the combinations [Q-word mo ga] 'every', and [Q-word ga What is the problem?
C Haikei ni wa nani ga aru no ka. What is in the background [to this]? What is it about Asian women that makes them popular with the Japanese? Who the hell do they think is paying! L o Keizai wa dare ga yatte mo onaji desho. The economy should be the same, no matter who runs it. His staff appointments are natural, understandable by all. Who is going to buy second-hand parts! From the 'existence' meaning, a 'possession' meaning flows naturally, as can be seen from the literal translations of examples a and b.
Perception of existence is something that can be understood from the basic nature of ga. This statement has weight. Among his books is 'A history of child acting in Japan'. On the third floor is a bath for shared use by lodgers. However, the first NP-wa is more like a topic which is followed by a [NP- ga predicate] comment see The second NP also can look like an object in English translation, as in example 2.
In antiquity, the individual was central. Spain and Hamamatsu have a lot of things in common. For Italy and Greece, there are no statistics. Kotoshi no purezento wa, papa ga kashimiya no mafuri. For this year's [Christmas] present, hubby [gets] a cashmere muffler. Karada o ugokasu no ga suki. Hito to hanasu no ga motto suki. Talking with people [I] like even more? This use of ga, where ga connects a noun or NP with a following verb, with the combination shown in [ ] modifying a following nominal- izer such as koto, or another noun, is again in line with the basic meaning of the particle.
They are saying, 'It was lucky that there were survivors'. There was nobody who noticed that he had come. The biggest reason why crimes by foreigners are on the increase is Japan's affluence. Giving a good performance is my job. Mazu, [me o mukeru-beki na no] ga toshi de aru. It's one thing to look for those responsible for bullying, but it's also important to take a hard look at what has gone missing from the children's world. What we need to direct our attention to first are the cities. Jt, [Nani yori insho-teki na no] ga, lcamera no ichi ga hikui koto da.
What's interesting above all is the low position of the camera. Ill 0 The basic function of o is marking the object of the sentence, but there are also some uses where it is interchangeable with ga 2. Show me [some] wristwatches. In the draft they acquired three pitchers. C Ongaku no idaisa o kanjita. I felt the power of music. It all began 'because I grew fond of someone, and fell in love'. In writing, sometimes a comma is used to indicate this, but in speech there is usually no pause.
Anata, doresu katte mo ii? Darling, is it OK if I buy a dress? A distinction [should be] made between internationalization and 'Americanization'. Especially to the teachers I'd like to say that they should give themselves more freedom. In the following examples, ga could be used instead of o in example a without any change in meaning, but not in b, d and e, where the V is one of 'wishing', which is more strongly transitive in nature. In examples d and e, o is marking nominalized clauses see I want to learn the piano.
L L "'Cl. The research was taken up on TV too, and 'one of the people on the programme said he wanted this system'. Kouta Kazuraba : Decade? But he's a Heisei Rider. Gold Werewolf : Too bad he changed sides today, look! Right Suzuki : So you're their boss? Kouta Kazuraba : So what if we were? Tsukada hold his Decadriver Tsukasa Kadoya : I will destroy you. Decadriver : Kamen Ride: Decade! Orange Lockseed : Orange! Sengoku Driver : Soiya! Orange Arms: Hanamichi on Stage! Kamen Rider Gaim : Trains that go around in circles ToQ 1gou : A guy with an orange for a head Gold Werewolf : Who are you guys?!
Hikawa Iona : It's been a while. Hikawa Iona : Pretty Cure! Kirarin Star Symphony! Kamen Rider Proto-Mach : Tracking Helmetless ToQ 1gou : ToQ 1gou! ToQ Changer : ToQ 1gou! Helmetless ToQ 2gou : ToQ 2gou! ToQ Changer : ToQ 2gou! Helmetless ToQ 3gou : ToQ 3gou! ToQ Changer : ToQ 3gou! Helmetless ToQ 4gou : ToQ 4gou! ToQ Changer : ToQ 4gou! Helmetless ToQ 5gou : ToQ 5gou! ToQ Changer : ToQ 5gou! Helmetless ToQ 6gou : ToQ 6gou!
SmarPho Applichanger : ToQ 6gou! Helmetless ToQ 7gou : ToQ 7gou! SmarPho Applichanger : ToQ 7gou! ToQgers : We see it! Cure Lovely : The big love spreading throughout the world! Cure Lovely!! Cure Princess : The blue wind dancing in the sky! Cure Princess!!
小野, 達郎 1963-
Cure Fortune : The star of hope that glitters in the night sky! Cure Fortune! Kamen Rider Decade : Oh? Let me take you guys for a spin! Kamen Rider Gaim : Yeah! With this teamup, this is our stage now! ToQ 1gou : Alright, guys. Decade Driver : Kamen Ride: Faiz! Pine Lockseed : Pine! Pine Arms: Funsai, Destroy! ToQ 2gou : Kagura! ToQ 5gou : Yes! Pink, Transfer to Blue! The battle continues ToQ 2gou : Go! Decade Driver : Kamen Ride: Kabuto! Cure Princess : Stay calm. He's just moving at light speed. I can see him.
Black RX Arms! Sengoku Driver : Lock Off! Kabuto Lockseed : Kabuto! Clock Up! Kamen Rier Decade : Get them. General Jark : I've been waiting for this! ToQ 1gou : Alright. Juushirou Fudou : GouRyuGun! Koichi Shiranami : ZanRyuJin! Kenji Furakami : RyuKen Key! Juushirou Fudou : RyuGun Key! Koichi Shiranami : RyuJin Key!
Natsuno Nanbu : Change! Kenji Furakami : GekiRyu Henshin! Juushirou Fudou : GouRyu Henshin! Koichi Shiranami : ZanRyu Henshin! Rescue Commander : Build Up! Tsubasa Aoi and Jun Watari : Jetcalibur! Rescue Megaphone : Chakusou! Jetcaluibur : Sky Up! Tatsuya Homura : Fire-1! Yuma Megumi : Fire-2!
Ritsuka Yuki : Fire-3! Tsubasa Aoi : Fire-4! Jun Watari : Fire-5! Tsubasa Aoi and Jun Watari : Tenkuu Jetcaluibur : Take Off! Rescue Megaphone : Fire Up! Cure Lovely : Flora, Happy, guys, you're just in time! R1 : Max Commander! Max Commander : Max Up! X-Basher : X-Chakusou!
X-Basher : Charge Up! Fire-1 : Activate! Daigo Kiryu : Come, Minityra! Kiwi Lockseed : Kiwi! Sengoku Driver : Haiiii! Kiwi Arms! Geki, Rin, Seiya-Ha! Zyudenryu Gabutyra : O Matsurincho Carnival! GoRed : GoRed! GoBlue : GoBlue! GoGreen : GoGreen! GoYellow : GoYellow! GoPink : GoPink! GoRed : People's lives are Earth's future! GoBlue : Blazing Rescue Spirits! GoGreen : Kyuukyuu Sentai! GoRed : Move out! GokaiBlue : GokaiBlue!
GokaiYellow : GokaiYellow! GokaiGreen : GokaiGreen! GokaiPink : GokaiPink! GokaiSilver : GokaiSilver! Gokaigers : Kaizoku Sentai KyoryuRed Carnival : Hear the ten of us roar! Kyoryugers : The Strongest Braves in History! KyoryuRed Carnival : The Ten of us are Kyoryugers : Zyuden Sentai ToQ 1gou!
ToQ 2gou! ToQ 2gou : Oh, hello. ToQ 3gou! ToQ 4gou! ToQ 5gou! ToQ 5gou : Hi! ToQ 6gou : So this is my place to die? ToQ 6gou! And finally, a dreamlike Chou ToQ 7gou! Toq 7gou : Let's go! A great gathering! Cure Happy : Twinkling, shining, light of the future! Cure Happy! Cure Sunny : The brilliant sun, hot-blooded power! Cure Sunny! Cure Peace : Sparkling, glittering, rock-paper-scissors! Cure Peace! Cure March : Courageous, high-spirited, a clean-cut match! Cure March! Cure Beauty : Snowing, falling and gathering, a noble heart! Cure Beauty! Smile Precures : Our five lights will guide us to the future!
Smile Pretty Cure! Cure Flora : Princess of the Flourishing Flowers!
- A dictionary for foreign learners
Cure Flora! Cure Mermaid : Princess of the crystal clear seas! Cure Mermaid! Cure Twinkle : Princess of the twinkling stars! Cure Twinkle! Cure Scarlet : Princess of the crimson flames! Cure Scarlet! Cure Scarlet : Go! Madan Warriors : Raijin! R1-Max : R1-Max! R2 : R2! R3 : R3! R4 : R4! R5 : R5! R0 : R0! RU : RU! Fire-1X : Fire-1X! Fire-2 : Fire-2! Fire-3 : Fire-3! Fire-4 : Fire-4! Fire-5 : Fire-5! Kamen Rider Gaim : The smiles of families ToQ 1gou : The love in this world Cure Lovely : The peace in this galaxy Kamen Rider Decade : Eh? KyoryuRed Carnival : Whooooa!!! KyoryuBlue : Wasshoi!
KyoryuPink : Alright! Kyoryugers : Just come and stop us! Cure Honey : We're fine. KyoryuGreen : Help us to stop Decade. Cure Lovely : Sure. Princess wipes out some of the Shockers out of the picture Kamen Rider Marquis : Let me handle the rest! Kiwi Au Lait! GokaiBlue : So, you're Decade? GokaiYellow : Looks like Marvelous was telling the truth.
GokaiSilver : Kamen Rider Decade! Why are you killing Super Sentai members? ToQ 3gou : Eh?! GokaiPink and Cure Lovely : Sentai?! Kamen Rider Decade : Marvelous started with Ichigou. Since then, he's defeated many Riders. The only way to prevent more Riders from being killed is to eliminate Sentai members. Cure Happy : But Riders and Sentai members are sharing the same goal against evil! Kamen Rider Decade : It doesn't matter, they both cannot coexist! Cure Princess : It's huge. Cure Twinkle : Impossible, that's Feel its power! The grand commanders of evil! Cure Lovely : Black Fang?!
GokaiPink : Why has a such thing happened? Dark Witch : Hello, Pretty Cures. We're back. Sirloin : We had suffered for years after our defeat. Shadow : But now, it will be the time Freezen and Frozen GokaiBlue : Gai! KyoryuBlue : Nee-chan! KyoryuGreen : Shinya! KyoryuPink : Yayoi-san! KyoryuRed Carnival : Father! Freezen and Frozen : Freezing Blizzard! Cure Lovely : Seiji! Cure Flora : Yuuki-san! Kamen Rider Decade : Focus fire! His Majesty, Demon King Psycho! What do we destroy next? Gavan Bootleg : It's Zawame City. Demon King Psycho : Juspion Bootleg.
Juspion Bootleg : Yes, sir? Demon King Psycho : That's your bad habit, you always get cocky since you grew up rich. Haven't you realized your clownish behavior is why you lost to us? Juspion Bootleg : C-l-o-w-n-i-s-h?! You're right! You're a stern Demon King Psycho : You're an eyesore, begone! Juspion Bootleg : Yes, sir. I'm sorry. Until all the Metal Heroes fall All : Yes, sir! Eleena : What is it? Nicolas Gordon : Madou is destroying Zawame City. Eleena : Tell Gavan, Sharivan and Shaider that they will be gonna take of it.
Nicolas Gordon : Sure thing. Geki Jumonji : This is where Madou is. Kai Hyuga : It can't be. At Vavilos Tamy : Shaider, that Madou is gonna destroy this city. Shu Karasuma : Let's go. Zack : Yep. Micchi and Takatora got Sengoku Drivers and Lockseeds. Hideyasu Jonouchi : Yeah. Madoka Amahane : We got something for you. Shirabe Ako : Gotta surprise for you, too. Hina Izumi : It's a Raspberry Lockseed.
Erika Satonaka : You must use it. Mitsuzane Kureshima : You got it. Waon and Seika will meet us there. Minamino Kanade : There it is. Kurokawa Ellen : It's Madou! Takatora Kureshima : There's too many of them! Eiji Hino : Who are you people?! My offshoots, get them! Ringo Energy Lockseed : Ringo Energy! Gaburivolver : Gaburincho: Deinochaser! Zyudenchi 12 : Deinosgrander! Gaburivolvers : Kentrospiker! Kenichi Fukui : Spirit Ranger! Ayako Yuuki : Henshin! Genesis Drivers : Lock On! Golden Energy Arms! Silver Energy Arms! Ringo Energy Arms! Darkness Energy Arms! Mach Driver Honoh : Rider: Chaser!
Looks like the quite the fight! Den Iga : We're here to help! Nishijima Waon : Sorry for the wait!
Higashiyama Seika : Sory and Shiry are there with us! Den Iga : Say that thing you were supposed to say! Yousuke Jou : We can say it proudly now. Dai Sawamura : We will Ryusei Tsurugi Juspion : Great! Right after you! GoseiKnight arrives GoseiKnight : You guys could use a hand? Eiji Hino : Yeah, you're just in time!
Mitsuzane Kureshima : Right! All : Yeah! Miki Koike : Henshin! Lost Driver : Money! Commander Shark : Shark Knuckle! Melon Lockseed : Melon! Matsubokkuri Energy Lockseed : Matsubokkuri Energy! Durian Lockseed : Durian! Donguri Lockseed : Donguri! Kurumi Lockseed : Kurumi! Engine Memory : Engine!
Tensouder from the background : Gotcha! Retsu Ichijouji and Geki Jumonji : Jouchaku! Den Iga and Kai Hyuga : Sekisha! Dai Sawamura and Shu Karasuma : Shouketsu! Yousuke Jou, Diana and Helen : Kesshou! Ryusei Tsurugi : Ikaru! Kivat-bat the 2nd : Gladly, my lady. Nanase Yui : Space Jump! O Scanner : Taka, Tora, Batta! Pretty Cure Modulation! Ai-chan : Kyupirappa!
Mobilates : Merry Christmas! Lost Driver : Prism! Accel Driver : Engine! Tatoba, Ta-To-Ba! Hii, Hii, Hii Hii Hii! Mage's Belts : Change, Now! Sengoku Drivers : Lock On! Budou Arms! Ryu, Hou, Ha-Ha-Ha! Melon Arms: Tenka Gomen! Kurumi Arms: Mr. Genesis Driver : Lock On! Shizuka Kisaki : For the sake of the future!
Shizuka Kisaki : Tohki! Kamen Rider Tohki : Tohki! Kamen Rider Kabuki : Kabuki! Jam Shin! GoseiRed : Skick Power of Storms! GoseiPink : Skick Power of Breeze! GoseiBlack : Landick Power of Stone! GoseiYellow : Landick Power of Sprouting! Goseigers : Protecting the Planet is an angel's duty! Tensou Sentai GokaiChristmas : GokaiChristmas Red Buster : Red Buster! Blue Buster : Blue Buster! Yellow Buster : Yellow Buster! Beet Buster : Beet Buster!
Stag Buster : Stag Buster! Green Buster : Green Buster! Puma Buster : Puma Buster! Red Buster : Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters : Go-Busters! Guardian Kyoryugers : Guard on! Kyoryu Guardians! Gavans : Uchuu Keiji Gavan! Sharivans : Uchuu Keiji Sharivan! Shaiders : Uchuu Keiji Shaider! Juspion : Kyojuu Tokusou Juspion! Spielban : Jikuu Senshi Spielban! Diana Lady : Diana Lady! Helen Lady : Helen Lady! Metalder : Choujinki Metalder! Jiraiya : Togakure-ryuu Seitou! Emiha : Togakure-ryuu Seitou! Himenin Emiha!
Toppa : Yarinin Toppa!